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i V V VOL. VU. SO MOVES THE WORLD. "We ilMp and waks and sleep, bat alt th-uts non; The Bnn DIm forward to bit brother Boo ; The dark Eartb oli ws, whselstl In hsr alllpst; And human thing, ittorumg- on themselves. Hot onward, leading up to guldau year." The revolution in Ecuador is reported growing, Pern and Bolivia are engaged in a Dlun game, The New York railroads are conspir- ing to kill off tbe trie canal, The big wholesale notion house of C. M. Liinington of Chicago baa failed, S. B. Morse & Co., the largest retail dry goods house in Umaba has tailed England has endorsed the French method system of weights and measures, now in use in most nations, The bursting of the boilers in the Gum' ry hotel at Denver, killed seventeen in mates August 19. Mrs. G. it. Wolt and little girl of Lincoln were among the killed, The Ohio girl who stampeded a congre gation (in part) by appearing at prayer meeting: witb bloomers on, has received more than 1,000 letters approving her course. Germany is celebrating her victory over France, and the French are getting greatly excited over it, especially on tbe frontier between them wben tbe celebra tion is going on Crops the world over are reported short. America has fallen on oo.uuu,- 000 bushels. Russia 80,000,000. France 40,000,000. Germany about tbe same. India 18,500,000. Rev. Father Wilson, Catholic priest of Terre Haute, Ind., has preached against the ladies of his congregation wearing bicycle bloomers, and warns them that he will not recognize them on tbe street in such garb. The premier of England has spoken in threatening tones and unmistakable tan guage to the Sultan of Turkey to the ef fect that the persecution of American Christians must be stopped or Turkey would be carved, by the powers, The paper mills of the United States have a capacity of 14,102,580 pounds a day. They are not run on full capacity however. Chanical fiber and wood pulp mow furnish over half tbe raw material for paper making. Spruce wood is large ly used, Rev. M. II. Lockwood, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Cincinnati, for merly Prohibition candidate for gover nor, has back salary amounting to $2,- -500 due him, and before retiring not only demanded notes, but also that they be secured by mortgage, before leaving. Nebraska has suffered more than any other state from drouth, twenty-five counties reporting that the corn crop would not yield more than one-fourth or one-half an average harvest. Southeast Iowa is in the same condition and tbe Ohio Valley states and Michigan are damaged by dry weather, The New York tailors' strike to abolish the "task system which 8,250 strikers engaged in has been won. It will do much to check the sweat shop system. It secured the 59-hour week and a slight increase in wages. It cost $130,000 in wages lost and $7,500 out of the treas ury of the brotherhood for Incidental ex cuses. It was entirely free from exhibi tions of violence of any kind. Dr. C. R. Drysdale, in the Report of Industrial Remuneration Conference page 130 says: "The average age at death among the nobility, gentry and professional classes of England and Wales is fifty-five years. Among the artisan classes of Larnhnth it, in rnontr. .nine. vr. flay fair says: ".highteen per Cent Of the nhiMrttn nf t.hn llnnur nlnaa thirty-six per cent of the tradesman 5!ass, and fifty-five per cent of the work ing class die before they reach five years." These figures are figures to think about. We wish to all the attention of the readers of The Wealth Makers to the principles upon which we do business. First, we aim to carry the most complete assortment of dry goods in the state of Nebraska. Second, we sell for cash only. Third, we sell at the same price to all customers, giving no discount to any person or class of per sons except in cases of charity. Fourth, we will take back and refund the money .for any article not satisfactory to the purchaser, provided of course it is re turned within a reasonable time. Our fall and winter catalogue will be mailed free to all who send their addresses. Send us a trial order and we will make every effort to please you, when you visit Lin coln come to the store and see how we do business. Miller & Paine, Lincoln, Nebraska. Holt County Populists The Holt county Populists held their Convention Augustl7,and nominated J. LP. Mullen treasurer, H.R. Henry clerk of the district eourh, C. W. Hamilton Bheriff W. W. Bethea clerk, G. W. McCutcheon judge, W. R. Jackson superintendent, B. F. Trueblood coroner, M. Norton survey or. All named but one are present Popu Jist officials in the places named. teucacce bac.5 Gi:t Miles w jn ?:Zla. j NO AID FROM HOJUCOMB. Nebraska's Governor Refuses to Give Comfort to Republican. Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 16.- Congress man Hunter of Bowling Green, Ky. recently addressed a letcer to Gov. Hoi comb in which he requested the governor to assist in raising a fund in Nebraska to aid in the election of a Republican gov ernor in Kentucky and ihus break the "solid eouth." Gov. Holcomb, who is a Populist, re plied: "it would please me very much to witness a breaking up of tbe 'solid south' in the interests of the masses, but I would regret to see the People of Dixie throw off the yoke of Cleveland Democ racy only to assume tbe bonds of a party pledged to class legislation, advo cating a prohibitive tariff for the benefit of tbe wealtby eastern manufacturers, a single gold standard to enhance the fort unes of wall street millionaires and British syndicates and an antipathy to all reforms demanded by tbe people. Your letter was doubtless addressed to me because the news of the partial re demption of Nebraska from Republican misrule had not yet reached the head quarters of the Republican executive committee of Kentucky. Therefore I re turn the communication as you would doubtless not desire to have it given publicity. They Preach to The Rich In the Homilectic Review, Ernest H Crosby, president of the Social Reform club of New York, tells some wholesome truths that should provoke earnest thought: It seems to me that the great mistake that the church makes is in supposing that the spiritual life of a community may be Christian without showing its effect in the social life. It is a fact which no one can deny that the moral standard of certain bodies outside the church is higher than within the church. We know by the law of supply and demand, that ,tne churches go where they are wanted, and the necessary inference, from the geographical position occupied in our cities by protestant churches, is tbat they are preaching glad tidings to the rich and not to tbe poor. And this is the case; they permit men to collect ex cessive rents for unhealthy lodgings, to pay wages too low to support properly the workingmen they employ, and in many ways, directly or indirectly, to "grind the faces of the poor." and vet if they are regular attendants at church, if they keep Sunday, if they give a certain amount of money to the ordinary chari ties, they are looked upon as Christians in good standing. My attention is call ed to the fact that the church cares for the poor in its mission work, in the erec tion of parish houses, etc. I would say that so long as church work of this kind takes the form of almsgiving by the rich to the poor, it will never produce the effect that is intended. The early church was a mission from the poor to the rich, and so long as the church today contin ues to be a mission from the rich to the poor, it can never accomplish the same results. DIXON ARRESTED. He and Hike Leonard Fought To - Fast to Solt the Police. New Yobk, Aug. 21. Parson Davies of Chicago and Tom O'Rourke of Bos ton brought off an athletic exhibition at the Academy of Music here last night The first round between Dixon and Leonard was fast and furious, with Dixon getting slightly the better of it, his left doing good execution on Leonard's face. In the second round it was fairlv mixed up, and when Yank Sullivan of Syracuse, who was referee, tried to separate the men, it was found to be almost an impossibility. inspector Cortright, with Captain Smith and a number of officers in uni form and citizens' clothes jumped into the ring and arrested the pugilists and u itourice ana mvies. Dr. P. Reed Madden, diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat, 1041 0 street, over R. 1. ticket office. For Currency Keform. London, Aug. 19. A meeting of the members of parliament favorable to currency reform was held in the house of commons yesterday. It was re solved to form a parliamentary com mittee, its members being pledged to promote an international conference for the purpose of considering what measure can be taken "to remove or mitigate the evils resulting from the fluctuations growing out of the diver gence in the relative value of gold and silver." Your cough was occasioned by care less exposure to draft. Cure it at once with Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. Test Makers Strike, i New York, Aug. 21 . Two thousand five hundred union vest makers, in cluding 700 women and girls, are on a strike for a renewal of their agree ment Get up a club for The Wealth Makers. Only 80c from now until November 1st. LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, 1895. CONDENSED DISPATCHES. Out of the 247,000 Indians in the United States statistios show that 189, 000 are self-supporting. An old soldier died at the Washing ton soldiers' home the other day who, out of a pension of 930 a month, had saved 90,800. Labor unions are preparing to fight the tobacco trust It Louis capitalists have leased and propose to reopen the old Wilton lead mines in Boone county. General Gomes is said to have died on July 81 in Cuba. Reports as to the oause of death are conflicting. Charles Wear, indloted for murder, was released from jail at Poplar Bluff, Mo., on a writ of habeas corpus. At Coney Island a burial service over a museum baby was repeated through a phonograph, a deputy eoroner's wife grinding it out A South Dakota company has eon traoted to build and operate a steam ship line for the Nicaraguan govern ment The Nicaraguan government has completed a telegraph line to Rama, at the head of navigation on the Blue fields river. Charles Zimmer of St Joseph com mitted suicide at Excelsior Springs, Mo. W. EL Risley was sentenced to 40 rears in the pen for murder at West Point, Mo. It is reported from the City of Mexico that Cuban revolutionists have secured the services of retired Mexican officers to lead and drill them. The Bank of Taooma, formerly the Taco'ma Trust and Savings company, has made an assignment to its cred itors. The statement shows cash on hand $444, and total liabilities $379, 000, of which 9339,000 is city money. George W. Seymour, a resident of Leavenworth county since 1857, and for the past eighteen years postmaster at Boling and justice of the peace for High rrairie township, is dead, aged c years. A Priest Accused of Assault. St. Joseph, Mo., Aug. 20. Father Baker, a Catholic priest doing mission ary work in Northwest Missouri, was arrested here to-day charged with criminal assault in Harrison county last Thursday. He denies the charge and is confident he can clear himself of the charges. At Excelsior Springs, Mo., Charles Zimmer of St Joseph committed eui oide by shooting himself through the head while in a bath room. It is sup posed that his mind was temporarily unbalanced. Three years ago ne shot and killed a negro in 6t Joseph. FEUD OF DOCTORS. Portland, Oregon, Physicians Use Re- Tolrers In an Office. Portland, Ore.. Aug. 19. At nnnn several shots in rapid succession were heard in the office of Dr. H. in the Dekum buildinc The tenant.. rushed In and found the prostrate Doaieaoiur. .Holmes and Dr. Robert K. Ansplund, each of whom was hold ing a smoking pistol In his hand. There were no other persons in the room. Ausplund had a hole in his horlxr and one in his head, another in his breast, another In his right wrist. Holmes was wounded in two places, one ball having entered an arm nrl h mi. the body, just below the left nipple. Auspiuau was laiten to the hospital and Hnl - omouuc. amir lunds wounds will undoubtedly result fnfallir nl.il. i ,.. j , wlo puysicmu minus Holmes will recover. It is not known what was the cause of the shooting, but it is thought it was due to a criticism by Holmes of Ausplund's method of treating a pa tient in the Portland hospital and that Ausplund called at Holmes office to make him retract. A. C. SHERWOOD. The Missouri Democratic Committeeman Killed by a Fall In St. Louis. St. Louis, Ma, Aug. 20. Alex a Sherwood, member of the state Demo cratic executive committee from the Thirteenth district, died this morning from the effects of an accident at the Jockey club house at the fair grounds late last night. In company with C. C Maffitt, presi dent of the Jockey club and chairman of the state executive committee, Sher wood went to the fair grounds on bus iness. When about to return home at 10:45 o'clock he fell over a low railing on the club house steps to the fleor, thirty feet below, fracturing his left arm in two places and breaking his shoulder in addition, end sustaining internal injuries. He was removed to St. John's hospital, where he died at 1 o'clock. It is believed that the fall was occasioned by a sudden attack of vertigo. Neglect of the hair often destroys its vitality and natural hue, aud causes it to fall out. Before it is too late, apply Hall's Hair Renewer, a sure remedy, GOVERNMENT SAVING Tbo Bailroadi Should be Owned aad Oper ated by the Governnwit E0050MY PLAINLY REQUIPS8 IT ome Practical Thoughts on the Nation alisation of Railroads Facts and Figures on the Saving to the People PROF. FRANK PARSONS, IN ARENA. (Contlausd from last wsek.) In the United States the average cost of moving a passenger train one mile 80 cents, or about 14 cents a car mile according to the railway reports. moderate train of ordinary coaches will carry 400 to 600 passengers, so that with well-filled trains the cost is not more than 1-5 of a cent a passenger per mile. All the expenses of railway traffic are taken into account in figuring the 80 cent cost per train mile (every train mile has to bear its proportion of rebates, corruption money and innumerable wastes); and as I have shown that these expenses will be reduced 1-3 at least by public ownership, the cost per train mile will fall to 50 cents, and the cost of carry ing a passenger 1 mile in a full train will be .15 to .1 of a cent. Excursion trains can now be run from New York to Philadelphia at a cost not exceeding $600, including the pro-rata train share of waste and corruption inci dent to the present railway system. Tbat is, tbe railways could take euu people on one train from Philadelphia to Chicago for 91 each, and bring them back for another 91 each, and cover all expenses, labor, wear and tear, taxes, rebates, lobby fees; and all prorata. Two dollars for the single trip and $4 for the round trip would give the roads 100 per cent profit, according to their own published estimates ol the cost or moving trains, which are not too low, we may be sure. Yet during the Columbian Exposition, when it was of the highest importance that every American citizen should see tbe City of Beauty, the railroads charged from $17 to $26 for the trip-600 to 1,- 200 per cent profit if tbe trains were full, and most of them were. Such a charge at such a time was a crime against civili zation and progress. If the government had owned the roads, our people would have gone to the White City from the coast and back again in excursion trains for $2 a head. And if the nation had been in possession of the roads a suflici ent length of time to consolidate and systematize the railway business, the cost would have been reduced to $1 for the round trip. Think of going from New York to San Francisco and back again for a five-dollar billl Does it sound too much like Arabian nights? Well. take this little fact and digest it: the German state railway at Berlin sells yearly tickets, good for a five mile ride in and out of the city as many times a day as you please, and on any train, for the sum of $4.50. This means 3650 miles for $4.60 if you live miles out, and go in and out once each day; if you go home to dinner or go back to the city after supper it means over 7,000 miles for $4.50; and if you do both it meaus over 10,000 miles for less than a five-dollar bill; now it doesn't look bo much like Arabia, does it? And what an incalcula ble benefit it would be to this country to have cheap transportation, especially for workingmen and children in our schools! Commutation tickets at an average of ten miles for a cent, like the German yearly tickets, would enable the poor of the city to live in the fresh, wholesome atmosphere of the country, would tend to depopulate the slums, expand the city and would go very far toward solving some of the most difficult problems of municipal life. It ought to be the aim of every statesman to facilitate in everv possible way the movement of the peo ple; the policy of the railways is to nar now the margin on freights, but to make heavy profits on passenger traffic a policy exactly the opposite of the true one. Great as will be the benefits arising from the economies and lowrate incident to national ownership, there are others even greater. Justice demands public ownership quite as emphatically as eco nomy. Let us follow tbe trail of a typi cal railway scheme. A few men who like to make money by rigging a press that will squeeze it out ol their brothers, plan a new road. They issue stock, and take it up till they sell four or five hundred thousand dollars worth. Then thev make oath that twenty to ninety times as m uch stock has been paid in as is really the case the report of the United States Pacific railway commission of 1888 shows that the Central Patiflc made affidavit that $54,183,000 of stock was paid, in, when only $760,000 had been really paid and the Union Pacific swore that $36, 761,100 was paid in, when only $400-, 650 had been actually paid, etc. They do this to make a good appearance in asking for government aid, which is the next step. A little lobbying and promis cuous presents of stock are generally suf ficient (with congress, legislatures and - ... f - , Sf council. Town meetings are easily co erced into gifts by threat of running the road on another route and leaving the town out in the cold. Over two hundred millions of acres of land and hundreds ol millions of money hare been obtained gratis by the rail roads in this way from nation, state and and municipality gifts amounting in value now to over four billions of dollars or nearly the actual value of the whole railway system, and every atom of them utterly void, and beyond the authority of congress, legislature or municipality, according to repeated decisions of our ablest judges and the clearest principle of the law, because they were gifts of public property to private individuals. If the original projectors still owned tbe roads the people would not need to pay for them their gifts and their over charges they have paid would more than settle the bill; but unfortunately in nocent third parties have largely invest ed in stock and bonds. to be continued. Direct Legislation Explained Direct legislation is a general term re ferring to a system now in force in Swit zerland, whereby the people cait irectly act upon any proposed legislation, and not, as in this country, be limited to in direct action through their representa tives. Initiative and Referendnm are two terms referring to different processes of tbe method of securing direct legislation, The Referendum means the referriug of a proposed law to the vote of the people to ascertain their r.iil, much as we do nowadays in the case of constitutional amendments. Under the Referendum the people can prevent the passage of a law they do not want, by calling for a Kef- erendutu to be taken, and if the call is signed by a certain number of voters the number to be fixed by law the legis lature must obey and abide by the pop ular decision. The Initiate gives to the people tbe additional right of initiating a bill and by a signed call compelling the legislators to take a referendum upon the bill even though tbe subject has not otherwise beeu before that body. The one, the referendum, therefore, gives the people a chance to prevent any legisla tion they don t want, and tbe other, tbe initiative, gives them a chance to secure any legislation they do want. The Imperative Mandate is another provision whereby the constituents of any legislator, finding that be is not faithfully representing them, may recall him before his term of office expires aud elect another representative in his place. t'roportional representation is a term that applies to a new system of represen tation whereby minority parties may se cure representation in legislatures and in congress, in proportion to the size of their vote. That is to say, a party poll ing one-tenth of the total vote shall have one-tenth of the representation. The method for securing this result is simple in practice, but an explanation requires too much detail to be given here. We have given it several times heretofore. The general principle involved in all these changes is that not only tbe form of sovereignty but the sovereignty itself should reside in tbe people. Theoretically that is the case now. practically tbat is not the case. A majority of the people elect a representative; but when elected, he can defy their will, break his promises flout their petitions and there is no re dress until his term of office expires. TO CRUSH THE REBELS. Twenty-Fire Thousand More Men an4 Many Cruisers Will Be Sent to Cuba. Madrid, Aug. 19. Prime Minister Canovas del Castillo gave the follow ing account of the forces to be used In putting an end to the conflict in Cuba: "By the end of September or the first days of October, when the rainy sea son is over, an additional 23,000 men will be landed on the Island from Spain. The naval strength for the surveillance of the Cuban coast wilL comprise nineteen cruisers now building in England, six cruis ers which are now being built at Cadiz and fifteen alreadv in rirW a. total of forty cruisers. These with 41 1 - -. . me vessels aireaay despatched to our aid by the United States government, We trust will be found aiiffinfonr. In regard to the Mora claim, the con- ervawve government has proceeded entirelv on the resnnnsihiliftr m-oafa for us by our predecessors In power. .me question oi indemnity once having been accepted by the Spanish govern ment, no Other ConrsA than that, to- solved upon was possible: Immediate payment, to meet which we have realized the funds necessary without having recourse to rjarliamentarir In. tervention." Dates of Populist Conventions Frontier county convention at Stock- ville Aug. 23. Cedar county convention at Har ting- ton Aug. 24. Otoe county Populist convention will be held at Nebraska City Aug. 21. Thirteenth judicial district Populist convention will be held at Sidney Sept. lUttl. Dr. P. Reed Madden, diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat, 1041 0 street, over K. I. ticket omce. J NO. 11 INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM How The Swiss Have Mastered The Problem of Self-Government J. A. Lsmckt, In Equity, Santa Barbara, Cal. Article 89 of the federal constitution of Switzerland provides as follows: "Federal laws shall be submitted tor ac ceptance or rejection by the people if tbe demand is made by 80,000 voters or by eight cantons." This provision of the organic law of the confederation is called "the referendnm." Before it became in corporated in the federal constitution it had been in practice in a number of the separate cantons, and is therefore not a novelty to this people. It does not exist ae far as I know among modern Democ racies elsewhere. Mr. McCracken.author of "The Rise of the Swiss Republic, "says: "It (the referendum) is full of great pos sibilities. It has already fulfilled many of its earlier promises. It is rapidly con verting the Swiss people into a nation governing itself upon an almost ideal plan, directly logical and without inter mediaries. Whereas in the United States the practice of direct government such as it is still existslng the Massachusetts town meeting and kindred bodies tends yearly to become obsolete, in Switzerland it flourishes with renewed vigor." It simply reserves to the people the power, great and valu able, in cose where congress passes a law which is not approved of by the nation, to say to its representatives: "Thisshall not be; the country does not want this law, and it shall not be enacted." For the time being the people take back the power delegated and enforce obedience to their sovereign will in a manner botff" direct and peremptory. The exercise of this inherent power of and by the people has so far only found disfavor with the politicians whose power and influeuce it keeps under restraint. Jean Jacques Rousseau has this to say in his celebrated "Contrat Social": "At the instant when a people give them selves representatives their liberty ends. Tbe English people think themselves free; they deceive themselves; they are during the election of members to parliament. As soon as the election is over, they are slaves, and nothing more." This may be an eccentric theorist's exaggeration, who always showed aversion towards representative government. Had he con templated the possibilities of the referen dum, however, he would have become re conciled to parliamentarism or represen tative government. This string attach ed to the power delegated, like the sword of Damocles, holds tbe representative in wholesome awe of his constituency on the one hand, while it keeps alert the watchfulness and fnterest of the con stituency itself on the other. Professor Wuarin, of the Geneva Uni versity, an able national economist and high authority on Swiss politics, a gentle man who has honored me with his friendly regard, says in an article in the Revue dea Deux Mondes, treating on the evolution of Democracy in Switzerland, tbat "the popular voice as propulseur governmental and volante dirigeante, stimulated by tbe practice of the referen dum, has been of more value than has been anticipated by even the best friends and supporters of this wholesome meas ure." As the constitution of Switzerland however, vests no veto power in the exe cutive, and consequently leaves the work of the legislative chambers without con trol, the institution of this provision be-, came necessary. The much-needed veto was adopted, but it was not, as with us, intrusted to the hands of a single indivi dual who, no matter how virtuous and capable, must of necessity be a partisan; no, it was retained by the people, by them to be wielded without intermediary as becomes a monarch who is absolute and has no account to give except to himself. What this little six-hundred-year-old mountain republic has done, and is doing in perfecting true Democracy may serve as a beacon light in tbe dark places of our own troubled sea of politics. Mr. Paul Leroy Beaulieu, director of l'Economiste Francaise, says that in two cities in France where it is being tried the referendum has already produced excell ent results, and that it is especially suit ed for municipal government. I would ask my fellowcitizens, where is there a field where betterment is more ardently desired by the tax payers aud good citi zens generally than in the field of muni cipal politics in the United States and and where in the world is the rule of the : lobby and tbe absolutism of the bosses so great as in the legislation of the large cities? Coupled with the referendum, but of more recent adoption; is what is called the initiate, by virtue of which the people by their own volition and in a simple and direct manuer can call for tbe repeal or abrogation of a law or a change in the constitution. If the voice of the people be truly the voice of God, then the desire of hearing the voice (at the ballot box) can't be gratified too often; if the return to some of the simple and direct political practi ces of the forefathers effects tbe weaken ing of tbe political leadership and the machine, and if it makes the representa tive less arbitrary and their constituents more watchful, then there can't be a more laudable task to devote ourselves to in the closing years of the nineteenth century than tbe agitation for and the adoption of the referendum.