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wrong he not only
Sees THE OGLALA LIGHT. 112. on wrong but may, in fact, see a high degree Of merit. In others that seems childish, superstitious and trivial to Us, he may find for himself the unpardonable sin. So it is that often what we charge to him as perversity is in reality highly commend able if we could but see and understand from his point of view. Any scheme for the reformation and betterment of these people that does not take into account his different view point is doomed to failure and will only cause the Indian to retreat more closely within himself and further delay the time of mutual confidence and under standing. That there is in Navajo life much needing betterment and not little entire eradication, is not to be denied. That there are a great many generous and will meaning people throughout the country willing and anxious to contribute to and bring about such better ment, if an intelligent and effective way could be shown, is also true. That the Navajo is as ready and willing to receive and profit by such betterment is not so apparent, still he is not a hopeless proposition and deserves well of all his friends. It is not my purpose to suggest a "cure-all" here, for I haven't any, but there are some conditions •urrounding them, a knowledge of which, together with a acquaint ance of their characteristics, is essential to any successful plan for their advancement. They are widely scattered over a vast expanse of country, for the most part bleak, barren and inhospitable. There are no roads other than the maze of bridle paths made in their various ramblings over the country, and no places where shelter, food and forage for horses is obtainable except at the widely scattered traders' stores. Not commuuicative by nature the needs of their flocks compel them to live more apart and to themselves than they otherwise would. For like reasons they move about a great deal, changing their places of residence from three to six times a year, and are never found living in villages or communes, as do many other of the South-western tribes. It is well, perhaps, that they do not until they have learned to live a more cleanly and sanitary home life than they do at present* if a death occurs in a house they invariably abandon and destroy it, End not infrequently abandon a place on account of a sickness "hoo doo." While on first thought this will suggest superstition, still it is Continued on pctfe 31.