of science has found one single thread of evidence showing similarity.
The languistic systems of American tribes are far different in gram
mar and word compounding from the Mongolian. So great authority
on Ural-Altaic languages, Dr. Heitirich "Winkler positively denies any
similarity, Aineican Indian mythology and material culture are
not Mongoloid in any respect.
Some insistent theorists may point out the color of the skin, the
eye and the color of the hair in confirmation of his views, but the
Indian's skin, whatever its varied hues may be, weather flesh, copper
or cinnamon is not Mongolian yellow. The black hair of the red
man is not Mongolian because it differs in shape, as a cross-section
shows under the microscope. Viewed in reflected light, Indian hair
shows an underlying tint of red-brown the Mongolian, a blue black.
In a few instances an arrested development of the eyelid causes the
'slanted eye", seized upon as evidence of Mongolian affinity. Any,
surgeon will find this to beopicanthu—andean remove the disfigure
ment by a simple operation. This deformity of the muscles of the
eyebrow is not infrequent in the white race.
An analysis of the formation of the skull and of the facial index
shows no evidence that the American Indian is Mongoloid.
There have been theories that the Indians were the lost Welsh
colonists, that they were ship wrecked Japanese and even the Ten
Lost Tribes. Science has proven beyond question the foolishness
of these theories and any text book used in school or college that re
peats these errors is now relegated to the heap of out of date books.
Great Universities, such as Pennsylvania, Berkley, Yale, Har
vard, Chicago and Columbia, have special courses in American
anthropology. They maintain immense museums of archeology and
ethnology and have upon their leaching staff scores of men who
have made a life study of these questions concerning the American
race. No ethnologist known to the writer believes that the Indian is
a sort of acclimated Chinaman or a descendent of the Mongols of
Asia, but he may believe, and likely does that the Indian descended
from the same parent stock that produced the Mongol, and for that
matter the Caucasian and Negro.
Those who persist in asserting the Mongolian affinity of the
Indian should study modern books upon the subject or confer with
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