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ing engines and pumps, and keeping the room clean and tidy. Then
as he becomes'more familiar with his surroundings he is given lessons in firing. It is explained to him how the coal must be placed on the grate, and how the thickness of the fire must be regulated according to the force of the draft and the sp#ed it is desired to burn coal. "When he is able to fire fairly well he is shown how to keep his fire clean in the easiest and best manner and how to bank his fires. Now having a little larger knowledge of things he is shown the need of keeping the boiler, furnace and settings in good condition. Next he Is shown how to operate the feed water supply and shown the height at which the water should be maintained in the boiler and most for cibly impressed with the dire results following the neglect of this duty. He is also told what to do in case of low water and the need and duty of the safety valve. Now having acquired some knowledge of the need and duties of pipes and fittings he is required to help with the work. He is required to learn the names of the different fittings and all the tools used in pipe work. He is next shown to take mea surements and given easy tasks to do by himself in order that he may gain selfreliance. He is now required to help with all repair and extension work, such as steam fitting, plumbing, and repairing and extending electric light lines. At this time he is taught the principles of electricity as simply as possible with out going any deeper than his understanding will permit and shown why wires must be connect ed a certain way and not in any other way. From this time on he is expected to fire and manage the feed water supply at least part of the time he is on duty. He is shown as op portunity permit how a boiler should be cleaned and told the effect of mud and scales in a boiler and the need and duty of the braces and why they must be examined to see if they are tight. He is also taught how to repair the furnace and renew grates, and shown whv the boiler setting must be kept tight to prevent the leakage of cold air as well as impair the draft. He is also taught how to grind leakv valves and pack the stem, and how a pump and an engine must be packed. This out line is intended to cover a two or three years course according to the ability of the student who at the end of this course has reached the fifth grade in school work. 24.