ing engines and pumps, and keeping the room clean and tidy. Then
as he becomes'more familiar with his surroundings he is given lessons
in firing. It is explained to him how the coal must be placed on the
grate, and how the thickness of the fire must be regulated according
to the force of the draft and the sp#ed it is desired to burn coal.
"When he is able to fire fairly well he is shown how to keep his
fire clean in the easiest and best manner and how to bank his fires.
Now having a little larger knowledge of things he is shown the need
of keeping the boiler, furnace and settings in good condition. Next he
Is shown how to operate the feed water supply and shown the height
at which the water should be maintained in the boiler and most for
cibly impressed with the dire results following the neglect of this duty.
He is also told what to do in case of low water and the need and
duty of the safety valve. Now having acquired some knowledge of
the need and duties of pipes and fittings he is required to help with
the work. He is required to learn the names of the different fittings
and all the tools used in pipe work. He is next shown to take mea
surements and given easy tasks to do by himself in order that he may
gain selfreliance. He is now required to help with all repair and
extension work, such as steam fitting, plumbing, and repairing and
extending electric light lines. At this time he is taught the principles
of electricity as simply as possible with out going any deeper than
his understanding will permit and shown why wires must be connect
ed a certain way and not in any other way.
From this time on he is expected to fire and manage the feed water
at least part of the time he is on duty. He is shown as op
portunity permit how a boiler should be cleaned and told the effect
of mud and scales in a boiler and the need and duty of the braces
and why they must be examined to see if they are tight. He is also
taught how to repair the furnace and renew grates, and shown whv
the boiler setting must be kept tight to prevent the leakage of cold
air as well as impair the draft. He is also taught how to grind leakv
valves and pack the stem, and how a pump and an engine must be
This out line is intended to cover a two or three years course
according to the ability of the student who at the end of this
course has reached the fifth grade in school work.
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