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Newspaper Page Text
situation still presents difficulties and is especially acute in the neigh
borhood of great industrial centers, the farmers succeeded in over coming them last year, and that, with better organization and espe cially with deferred classification of skilled farm labor, the difficulties again can be surmounted and production maintained and increased in certain directions. The Department states that it is assisting and will continue to assist farmers in every feasible way, through its enlarged personnel, funds, and facilites, to secure and safeguard their seed supplies and to prev ent losses of foodsuffs from insect pests and diseases of plants and animals. SPRING "WHEAT. In dealing with the question of spring wheat, the program states: The acreage of spring wheat should be increased in orderto make certain that we shall have an adequate supply of wheat for our own uses and to meet the needs of the Allies. ""While the area of winter wheat sown in 1917 was the largest on record, the condition of the crop, as reported on December 1, was the lowest ever recorded, indicating a probable production of only 540, 000,000 bushels. "Whether the actual production will be great er or less than the estimate will depend upon conditions prevailing between now and the time of harvest. If there were planted to spring wheat in the United States this year an acreage equal to the sum of the record planting in each spring wheat State within the last ten years, there would be sown approximately 23,300,00 acres. If there should be planted an acreage equal to the sum of the record planting for each State within the last five years, there would be sown approximately 21,000,000 acres. The record planting for any year was 20,381,000, in 1911. The acreage for 1917 was 18,511,000. "The Department of Agriculture has carefully studied all these records and other data in connection with the present war conditions and needs, and believes that it will be possible this year to secure an acreage in excess of the record acreage which was planted in 1911. It is believed that increased acreages can be secured in States and sections where spring-wheat production is known to be reasonably promising, and that such increases can be made without upsetting 5.