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Image provided by: South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives
Newspaper Page Text
or THE SIOUX INP1AR RED CLOUD. BY DOANE ROBINSON, State Historian. [Manuscript for this is the property of Supt. C. J. Crandkll, of Pierre, and was kindly loaned us for publication.] ED CLOUD was a member of a powerful family of Oglala Sioux known as the Smoke people. He was born in the year 1822 at the Forks of the Platte river, in Lincoln County, Nebraska. His father was a man of influence, a head man, who sat in the coun cils of his people but was not recognized as a great chief. Red Cloud did not attract any particular notice until after he was forty years of age. He was a good hunter and a good warrior. During the "War of the Outbreak, 1862 to 1865 his sympathies were with his Santee kindred and he led a party of braves to their assis tance in 1864 and was present at the battle of K ildeer Mountain, near the head of Heart River, North Dakota on the 28th of July. His own people did not come to regard him as a leader, however until the late summer of 1865 when messengers were sent out invit ing the Oglalas to come to Pierre to meet Governor Edmunds and other commissioners to make a treaty of peace. The messenger let it be known that the treaty would involve granting permission to the whites to build wagon roads to the western mountains through the lands of the Oglalas. Red Cloud took strong ground upon granting such permission and refused to go to a council where such a pro position was to be discussed, and he succeeded in preventing any accredited representation of the Oglalas in such council. Even while the matter was under discussion and before the council had convened at Pierre, Col. Sawyer^ of Sioux City, with a big wagon 3.