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Image provided by: South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives
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commissioners continued to send messengers to him for more than a
year but he always had the same reply. Finally in the late summer of 1868 the government withdrew the soldiers and abandoned the road and in November Red Cloud came to Fort Laramie and signed the treaty which is known as the treaty of Fort Laramie and it established the great Sioux reservation embracing all of South Dakota west of the Missouri river and extending west to the Big Horn Mountians. Red Cloud always faithfully observed the provisions of this treaty and never again engaged in a war with the white people, though it is pretty certain that his sympathies were with the Sioux in the war following the opening of the Black Hills. He was settled first at Red Cloud Agency in northwestern Nebraska, but later in I 1877 removed to the Missouri river near Big Bend, but did not re main there long, because the bad influence of the white men along the Missouri who supplied liquor to the young men and at Red Cloud's request the Oglalas were removed away from the river. He was permitted to select the location of the new agency and he chose the site at Pine Ridge where his people still are. The government built him a good home and he lived there until his death on December 13, 1909. For a long time before his death he had been quite blind. Red Cloud had but one wife and she was the mother of his five daughters and one son. "Be patriotic. Eat Potatoes and help win the war." "We can Thrive on Potatoes. Our Soldiers Need Wheat." "The Potato is a Good Soldier. Eat it, Uniform and All." 6.