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was fast becoming precarious for the Huns. General Von. Macken
sen was nominated commander in chief and inaugurated a whirl wind campaign that defeated the Russians and threw them back in confusion, drove the Roumanians out of Austria and with the aid of Bulgarian troops invaded Roumania from the south. So rapid was his advance and so continuous was his success that by the first week in December he had defeated the Roumanian armies in the field, capturing large numbers, and eliminating Roumania as a factor in the war. The collapse of Russia occuring at this time left the Rou manians without contact with their allies and without any source of supplies and there was nothing for them to do but surrender. It was not however until March 4, 1918 that the treaty of peace was signed at Bucharest on terms dictated by Germany, harsh terms as are all the conditions laid down by the Huns. TURKISH CAMPAIGN. During the latter part of October, 1914, Turkey entered the war on the side of the Huns. Under German commanders and with German assistance they began an expedition against the English Egyptian possessions. Their attack on the Suez canal was defeated in February, 1915 and they were obliged to make a percipitate re treat. In February also the allies began an attack that was aimed at the destruction of Turkey and the opening of the Dardanelles the first move being a bombardment of the forts at the entrance to this celebrated strait. By JMarch this attack had progressed so far that troops had been landed. In the latter part of March the allies lost several good warships here and the ill-starred expedition had made its landing at Gallipoli. Most severe fighting here continued until the opening week of 1916 when the allies withdrew their forces, having failed to accomplish the wcrk they set out to do. In the meantime the British were attacking Turkey through Bag dad. This first expedition was a failure also as the British troops were beseiged Kut el-Amara in January, 1916. Relief failed to arrive in time and this force surrendered the last of April, 1916. But this defeat did not dishearten England. Another force was collected and despatched for this section under the command of General Maude, who rapidly advanced, entering Kut-el-Amara in February, 7.