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Newspaper Page Text
The Principles of Teaching
BY MISS M. E. PERRY HE one chief end of education is to prepare one to live completely, and thus to fulfill the purposes of human existence. This includes the perfection of man's nature for his highest well-being and happi ness. To prepare him for the right discharge of his duties and obligations to his fellows, to society, to the state, and to God. The immediate results secured from an education are knowledge, power, and skill. Knowledge is obtained by observation, from books, and from one's own activity. Power is the ability to secure intellectual, moral and physical action. Skill is power guided by knowledge, and made readily and easily done by practice. As a distinct end of teaching in elementary schools it has reference to the readiness and facility in the necessary arts of reading, writing, language, etc. These arts are not only necessary in education, but in practical life also. "We will assume that teaching is an art, and must have its under lying principles which determine its methods. Where guiding prin ciples are absent there is no art. The human soul cannot be unfold ed and furnished by pattern. The teacher of children must be an artist of artists. The teacher's art is guided and underlaid by the following fun damental principles. Principle 1. Teaching both in matter and method must be adapted to the capability of the taught. This is a fundamental principle since all other principles are based upon it, and are in harmony with it. Principle II There is a natural order in which the powers of the mind should be exercised, and the corresponding kinds of know ledge taught. This principle has been specialized in the form of maxima of elementary teaching. They are: 1. Observation before reasoning.