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Newspaper Page Text
Buildings constructed for the American Expeditionary Forcc in
France, placed end to end, measure 452 miles—that would line both sides of a street from New York to Boston, or from London to Paris, omitting the Channel crossing. A division of constrution and fores try was necessary to build structures, and at the signing of the arm istice it had 117,000 soldiers, civilians, and prisoners at work, getting out lumber, railroad ties, piling, and fuel. Shipping was a big problem, and we were caught short of mer chant ships. But our shipyard got busy and new ships were built, and old ones brought from the Great Lakes, taken from coastwise service, chartered from neutral nations, and lent us by the Allies. So, in November, 1919, we had a cargo fleet of 2,335,000 deadweight tons, which transported to France 5,979,000 short tons of cargo. Of the 2,048,008 American soldiers sent over, 898,449, were carried under the American flag. For every American in France there was landed in cargo from the United States from 20 to 35 pounds daily. A few items from the stock reports of December will show the nature of this cargo: "Woolen uniform trousers and breeches, 1,889,000 pairs in France, 85 days' supply for 2,000,000 men with 5,301,000 pairs more in the United States woolen uniform coats, 1,697,000 in Francc, sufficient for the army abroad for 155 days, with 2,968,000 more back home 1,942,000 flannel shirts, 180 days' supply, with 6,867, 000 blankets, enough for the army abroad 6 months, with 5,827,000 back home. When the war ended our army abroad was equal to the British Expeditionary Force—2,013,039 officers and men in Europe and Si beria. Back home we had 1,690,234 more in training, and were steadily turning them out of the training camps after four months, drilling. To train a soldier iD four months cost $228 for food, clothing, ammunition and pay, and $112 to transport him to France—a total of $340. To maintain a private soldier in the field abroad one year cost $423.47 for food, clothing and incidentals $454 for pay, a total of $877.47. These figures are only averages, however, for the cost 7.