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The Loup City northwestern. [volume] (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, January 24, 1896, Image 4

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THE CRY OF ARMENIA.
DR. TALMAOE PRBACHES OP
SULTAN'S OPPRESSION.
«%a Chief Man of Iba Nation l.lstan to
Maar Iba Celebrated Ulalna on tba
Qrantaat Crlnta nf All A»aa- Mooroa
Daetrlae.
A8H1NOTON. D.
Jan. 12. 1896. It
who appropriate
that in tbe preeence
of tbe chief men of
this na'lon and
other natlone, Dr.
Talmage abould tell
tbe atory of Ar
menian maaaacre.
Wbat trill be the
eitent for good of
Such a dlarourae none can tell. Tbe test*
eraa, I. Kings 19: 87: "They escaped
I it tea t Km lan/1 nt A rmanli "
la Bible geography this is the first
lists that Armenia appears, called then
By the same name as now. Armenia
la chiefly a table-land, seven thousand
fast above the level of the sea, and on
gas of Its peaks Noah’s ark landed, with
(la human family and fauna that were
•a fill the earth. That region was the
Birtb-plaee of the rivers which fer
tilised the Oardea ef Eden when Adam
and Eve lived there, their only roof
the orystal skies, and their carpet the
gnterald of rich grass. Its Inhabitants,
the ethnologists tell us, are a superior
type of the Causaslan rare. Their re
Iglon Is founded on the Hlbls. Their
Bavlour Is our Christ. Tbelr crime Is
that they would not become followers
gf Mahomet, that Jupiter of sensuality.
To drive them from the face of the
garth Is the ambition of the Mohamme
dans. To accomplish this, murder Is
•o crime, and wholesale massacre Is a
Blatter of enthusiastic approbation and
governmental reward. The prayer sanc
tioned by highest Mohammedan au
thority, and recited every day through
gut Turkey and Kgypt, while styling
gll those not Mohammedans as infidels.
Is as follows; "O l,ord of all creatures?
0 Allah! Destroy the infidels and Poly
theists, thine enemies, the enemies of
the religion! O Allah! Make their
•hlldren orphans and defile tbelr
Bodies; cause their feet to slip: give
them and their families, tbelr house
Bolda and their women, their children,
and tbelr relatives by marriage, their
brothers and their friends, their pos
gesalons and the race, their wealth and
thslr lands as booty to the Moslems, O
JLord of all creatures!” The Ilfs of an
lArmsnlan In the presence of those who
•take that prayer Is of no more value
than the life of a sumther Insect. The
Bultan of Turkey sits on a throne Im
personating that brigandage and as
gaaslnatlon. At this time all civilised
nations are In horror at the attempts
gf that Mohammedan government to
destroy all the Christians of Armenia.
I hear somebody talking as though
gome new thing were happening, and
(hat the Turkish government bad taken
g new role of tragedy on the stage of
gallons. No. no! She Is at the same old
Business. Overlooking her diabolism
gf other centuries, we come down to our
gentury to find that In 1822 the Turkish
government slew (0,000 anti-Moslems,
gnd In 18(0 she slew 10,000, and In 1860
ghe slew 11,000, and In 1876 she slew
10,000. Anything short of the slaughter
gf thousands of human beings does not
put enough red wine Into her cup of
abomination to make It worth quailing.
Uor Is thlr the only time she has prom
ised reform. In the presence of the
warships at the mouth of the Darda
nelles, she has promised the civilized
nations of the earth that she would
atop her butcheries, and the Interna
tional and hemispheric farce has been
enacted of believing what she says.
■rot'll ail IU« JJitni UURUI in ^louauo M"
kb at ahe Is only pausing In her atroel
• tlcs to put nations off the track and
thru resume the work ot death. In 1820
Turkey, In treaty with Russia
promised to alleviate the condition ol
Christians, but the promise was broken
In 1889 the then Hultsn promised pro
lection of life and property without
reference to religion, and the promise
was broken In 18tt. at the demand ol
•n English minister plenipotentiary
khe Sultan declared, after the publh
elocution of an Armenian at I’onetau
kluople, that no such death penalt)
Should again bo Inflicted, and tb<
promts# waa broken. In I860, ot tb<
demand of foreign nation#, the Turk
loh government promteed protection t<
Protestant#, but to this day tha Pro
teatanla nt fllamboul are not allowed it
•mid a church, although they have tht
funds ready, aad tha Ureeh Protectants
who have a church, are not permute*
lo worship la It ta tIM. after th<
Crtwern war. Turkey promised that n.
waa eheutd he hladered ta the eterctw
el the reilgtoa he profeeeed. aad tha
promise haa bee a broken In 1*71 a
Mo memorable troaty of Merits. Turk#]
pomleed reltgteus liberty lo all he
#ub>e.i* ta every part of tho ttttemai
empire, aad the proa.lee was broken
ptet once la all the eeatwrtee has Ih
Turkish government kept her proml*
Of merer ho far from nay Improve
penal, the mmdittoa el the Armenian
•ae I—1»- woren and wore# rear h
pear aad all Ike promtnea the fork tel
povernmenl now mahee are ealy i
paintes o* Hum by which ahe le mah'.nj
preparation for the epmpleie aaierml
•alien ol rhrUUaaiiy tram her bordoti
Why. alter all the aatloeal aad toa
Itaeaioi aad hnmtopherw I) lag on th
part oI iho Toihtah gevenmeal, do no
Me war alt i pc ol Korop# ride op no elm*
pg hr paaoltili to the pala>ee ot 1‘onetan
klaupie and lies that accursed go*era
gpent (n plan** * la the aemo at th
■teraal (tod M (he non an. e ol th
ppen ha wiped aft the to*» el the earth
|Kfl |a iha patdituM* from whhh I
Paso bed up, sink k|oha>o«neda»t*m' »*•
|wean thee# eslKwlt ol weeoo.ro th
| Armenlana Buffer fn alienee wroaga that
are eeldom If ever reported. They are
taaed heavily for the mere privilege ol
living, and the tai la called "the hu
miliation tai.” They are compelled to
I give three daya' entertainment to any
! Mohammedan tramp who may be paaa
Ing that way. They muat pay blackmail
j to the aaaeaaor. leat be report the value
ef their property too highly. Their
evidence in court la of no worth, and II
1 fifty Armenlana aaw a wrong commit
ted and one Mohammedan waa preaeat.
the teatlmony of the one Mohammedan
would be taken and the teatlmony of
the fifty Armenlana rejected; In other
worda, the aolemn oath of a tbouaand
Armenlana would not be atrong enough
to overthrow the perjury of one Moham
medan. A profeaaor waa condemned to
death for tranalating the Kngllah Book
of Common Prayer Into Turklah. Sev
enteen Armenlana were aentenced to
fifteen yearn' Imprlaonment for reacu
Ing a Chrlatlan bride fom the bandlte.
Thla la the way the Turklah govern
ment amuaea Itaelf la time of peace.
Tbeae are the dellghta of Turklah clvlll
tation. But when the daya of maaaarre
come, then deeda are done which may
not be unveiled In any refined aaaetn
blage. and If one apeaka of the horrora,
he muat do ao In well-polaed and cau
tloua vocabulary. Hundreda of vlllagea
deatroyed! Young men put In pllea of
bruabwood, which are then eaturated
with keroaene and net on fire! Mothera,
In the moat aolemn hour that over
cornea In a woman'a life, hurled out
and bayonetted! Kyea gouged out, and
dead and dying hurled Into the aame
pit! The alaughter of Lucknow and
Oawnpore, India, In 18G7, ecllpaed In
ghOMlIlneaa! The worat acenea of the
French revolution in Parle made more
tolerable In contraat! In many reglona
of Armenia the only undertaken to
day are the Jackala and hyenaa. Many
of the chlefa of the maaaacrea were
aent atralght from Conatantlnople to do
their work, and having returned, were
decorated by the Sultan. To four of
the worat murderera the Sultan aent
■Ilk banners, in delicate appreciation
of their services. Five hundred thou
sand Armenians put to death or dying
of starvation! This moment, while I
■peak, all up and down Armenia alt
many people, freezing In the ashes of
their destroyed homes, bereft of most
of their household*, and awaiting the
club of assassination to put them out
of their misery. No wonder that the
phyaiclans of that region declared that
among all the men and women that
were down with wounds and sickness
and under their care, not one wanted
to get well. Remember that nearly
all the reports that have come to us of
the Turkish outage* have been manipu
lated and modified and softened by the
Turks themselves. The story Is not
half told, or a hundredth part told, or
a thousandth part told. None but Ood
and our suffering brothers and sister*
in that far-off land know the whole
story, and It will not be known until,
In the coronations of heaven, Christ
■ball lift to a special throne of glory
these heroes and heroines, saying,
"These are they who came out of great
tribulation and had their robes washed
and made white In the blood of the
Lamb!" My Ixnrd and my Ood! thou
didst on the cross suffer for them, but
thou, surely, Oh Christ! wilt not for
get how much they have suffered for
thee! I dare not deal in Imprecation,
but I never so much enjoyed the im
precatory aongs of David as since 1
have heard how those Turks are treat
ing the Armenians. The fact is Turkey
has got to be divided up among other
nations. Of course the European na
tions must take the chief part, but
Turkey ought to be compelled to pay
America for the American mission
buildings and American school-houses
she has destroyed, and to support th«
wives and children of the Americans
••..irwwl l>u thla orhnlp&ftU h»ltf*hf»rv
When the English lion and the Russian
bear put their paws on that Turkey thf
American eagle ought to put In Its bill
But what Is the duty of the hour'
Sympathy, deep, wide, tremendous, lm
mediate! A religious paper. The Chris
tian Herald, of New York, has led thi
way with munificent contributions col
lected from its subscribers. But thi
Turkish government Is opposed to am
relief of the Armenian sufferers, as
personally know. Last August, hefori
I had any Idea of becoming a fellow
cltisen with you Washingtonians. ISO.
U00 for Armenian relief was offered t<
me If 1 would personally take that re
lief to Armenia. My passage was ti
be engaged on the City of Forte, bu
1 n telegram waa sent ta Constantinople
asking If the Turkish governmen
1 would grant me nrotectton on such ei
> errand of mercy A cablegram sac
the Turkish government wished t
1 know to what points la Armenia I d«
1 etrod to go with that relief In ou
1 reply, four eltiea were named, one a
1 them the scene of what had bees th
1 chief masse, re A cablegram cam
1 from Coaaiantlaople saying that I ha
honor send the money to the Turhts
’ government s ml led commission, as
1 they would distribute It Mo o rohwe
of spiders proposed 0 relief tow nulls
for unfurtuooto ties' Well, n moo wh
> would otart up through the moueiota
of Armenia wtta tfomw and wo gosera
• meet prole, lion would ho gulltt I
monumental fwethardtneee The Tui
1 hiah government boa in story puuolhl
I woy hindered Armenian relief fie
t whore to i ha I angel of mem I’tar
• Mur tea who opp*ar«d ea the hauls
tel da of Frwdotis hebirg Anltetew
• Falmouth, nod «oust Mmuwioiw so
> under the blare of fr*>ut nod iterms
I goes nt Met* nnd Farts end la I oh a,
I Iowa toed* sad Chart*alee eorll
, gush*, end Mtehigon irsa. and Mui
meat fntuine* It one luwpnrnilvsi. <
t It MM Impotiamo that the t-reman in
i peter derorated hot with Mm l*w
I i'rata, far tied hath d*< ouaiod her I
l the sighi et a>i nalteaa with h pier
(had wofthar lime ear eteraiir tu die
I Hera la a Maasmrhesetta »'*%••*
' cam* In bar girlhood ta thla city to
aerva our government In the patent of
fice, but afterward went forth from
the doora of that Patent Office,
with a Divine patent algned and
aealed by Ood himself, to heal all tba
wounda ahe could touch, and make the
horrora of the flood, and fire, and
plague, and hoapltal fly her preaence.
Ood bleaa Clara Barton! Juat aa 1 ex
pected, ahe Ilf ta the banner of the Red
Croaa. Turkey and all natlona are
pledged to reapect and defend that Red
Croaa, although that color of croaa doea
not, la the opinion of many, atand for
Chrlatlanity. In my opinion It doea
atand for Chrlatianiay, for waa not the
croaa under which moat of ua worahlp
red with the blood of the eon of Ood, red
with the boat blood that waa over abed,
red with the blood poured out for the
ran aom of the world f Then load on,
ob. Rod Croaa! and let Clara Barton
carry It! The Turklah government la
bound to protect her, and the chariot*
of Ood are twenty thouaand, and their
charioteer* are angel* of deliverance,
and they would all ride down at once
to roll over and trample under the
hoofa of their white horaea any of her
aaaallanta. May the five hundred thou
aand dollar* ahe aeeka bo laid at her
feet! Then may the ablpa that carry
her acroaa Atlantic and Mediterranean
aeaa be guldod aafely by him who trod
into aappblre pavement beatormed
Galilee! Upon aoll Incarnadined with
martyrdom let the Red Croaa be plant
ed, until every demollahed village aball
be rebullded. and every pang of hunger
be fed, and every wound of cruelty bo
healed, and Armenia atand with aa
much liberty to eerve God In It* own
way aa In thla, the beat land of all the
earth, we, the descendant* of the Puri
tans and Hollanders, and Hugueuots,
are free to worship the Christ who cam*
to aet all natlona free!
It has been said that If we go over
there to Interfere on another continent,
that will Imply the right for other na
tions to Interfere with affairs on this
continent, und ao the Monroe doctrine
be Jeopardized. No. no! President
Cleveland expressed the sentiment of
every Intelligent and patriotic Ameri
can when he thundered from the White
House a warning to all nations, that
there Is not an acre or one Inch more
of ground on this continent for any
transatlantic government to occupy.
And by that doctrine we stand now and
shall forever stand. But there Is a doc
trine as much higher than the Monros
doctrine as the heavens are higher tbar>
the earth, and that Is the doctrine of
humanitarlanlsm and sympathy and
Christian helpfulness which one cold
December midnight, with loud and mul
titudinous chant, awakened the shep
herds. Wherever there Is a wound It Is
our duty, whether as Individuals or as
nations, to balsaf It. Wherever there Is
a knife of assassination lifted It Is our
duty to ward off the blade. Wherever
men are persecuted for their .religion
It Is our duty to break that arm of
power, whether It be thrust forth from
a Potestant church or a Catholic ca
thedral or a Jewish synagogue or a
mosque of Islam. We all recognize the
right on a smill scale. If going down
the road, we find a ruffian maltreating
a child, or a human brute Insulting a
woman, we take a hand in the contest
if we are not cowards, and though we
be slight In personal presence, because
of our indignation we come to weigh
about tons, and the harder we punish
the villain the louder our conscience
applauds us. In such case we do not
keep our hands in our pockets, arguing
that if we interfere with the brute the
brute might think he would have a
right to Interfere with us, and so
jeopardize the Monroe doctrine. The
fact is that that persecution of the
Armenians by the Turks must be
stopped, or God Almighty will curse
all Christendom for Its damnable in
difference and apathy.
ODDS AND ENDS.
At the Odeon theater In Paris 600
manuscript plays are received and read
•very year.
A m»n ti u mod Tklieu ml tifitl Wfifl A
at Marseilles by standing on a pedestal
In a public place for four consecutive
weeks. He was nearly exhausted after
the performance and may not recover.
Poet's corner In Westminster abbey
Is hidden from the outside by a blo.-k
of old houses. These are to be torn
down next summer as a precaution
against Are, thus allowing the archi
tecture of the chapel of Henry VII.
and the old Chapter house to be seen
from that side.
•Mat Princess* l.olntaln*,'' a four-act
play In verse by M Hoataud. Is the lat
est noveity produced by Harsh H*rn
hardt at the Paris ttenalssancs theater.
It Is founded on the story of the
troubadour. Ueffroy Hudel. who fell in
love with the princess of Tripoli from
the fame of her heauty and died on
coining Into her presence
A frenchman must still obtain IS»
consent of his parents If he wishes la
marry The chamber of depullea Ivas
rejected a proposal of Abbs I .eml re to
dispense with the consent when the
man la A and the woman It. hut pass- d
another doing away with the heeesatly
for the grandparents c-Ment when the
ystvat* are dead
M Ideutafoy th* explorer of Per*.a.
haa carefully examined the valley >f
Mepbatm south of Jerusalem where
tXXVtd .-• u*bed I be Phlltatiaea He hn la
that the table a-. -'UIVI of the ba It* Is
accurate and that taivld * la»lb*a ah w
the highest military capacity and were
tth* th-ae ml Predelhh Ike Ureal al
M-llwlt* aad Moaabe. k aad af Map.*.
Won at Xustrrltlx
A abaft Mia Iks bowels of the *a <h
lx proposed by If Paarbal tlruuawet *s
lb# xenaeltaa for the evp.aitl -a of Isa
Ills pi an ta aa taversbM af the Idea -4
lb* I ittei tower I lev at >r# will carry
Ik* puktw 4-aa tks abaft At Mi*r»
vela tksee wilt ba reataureate end nu
•art roe ms da.orated e» ae la harm »•
te* with the temperwiure wkb'k win
la. i««** with the depth, w* far an I i w
feel below the suits * IWyostd tbel
pcdwl aa tks bawl wM be Wu grew! Id
lewfuit X aan wot shaft la to be
drtvea far sbxiui. pur p. sea oaly Is
i e depth |i**lti than has nw »wt bssg
e sbtaleed ps-satsty tdae
FARM AND GARDEN.
| MATTERS OP INTEREST TO
AGRICULTURISTS.
■o»# Cp-to-Ilut* Hint* About Cultiva
tion or tho anil and Tloldt Thuruof —
Horticultural. Vltloultur* and Plort
rulturu.
I8CUHHINO recent
ly the relative pro
fit of grain and
grass In England,
the Live Stock
Journal states as a
fact that the land
In question -a part
of I<ord Leicester's
estate—Is valued at
an annual rental of
"no more than T
(hillings an acre tithe free, at
the present time." This would
be only fl.75 an acre, with local
taxes paid by the landlord. If this
Is anything near a fair sample of
English rents for averaging farming,
It would seem to leave a fair margin for
the renter. It would be considered a
very low rent for good land In this part
of Ontario; and our best land, well
cultivated, on shares, will pay the own
er several times that much.
One trouble with English farming Is
that the methods are antiquated and
th expenses too great. The results
are good, so far as yield Is concerned
—much better than the average in On
tario—but the labor bill Is propor
tionally higher. While labor Is chheap
•r there, the labor cost of a bushel of
wheat, or a ton of hay, or a pound
of butter Is more In England than In
this country. We don’t produce so
much per acre; but we produce more
—nrnhnhlv tu/n nr IhrAfi tlrnaa mm much
per hand. Here is where the English
farmer la handicapped much more
than In the rent he pays. It
I* a matter of regret that It Is so. Eng
lish farming should be a very at
tractive buslnews, with a reasonable
margin of profit. It gives employment
and support to a much larger popula
tion proportionately than ours: and a
better support to or at least a more
dignified and more leisurely life for
the farmer himself than In any other
country. It will be a matter of pro
found regret If he Is forced by com
petition to adopt the high pressure
system of work, and the low scale of
living which is too common here. But
apparently he must do that or aban
don the business, at the present price
of agricultural produce, to pay the
present labor bill, support the mana
ger, or farmer, in hls present style
of living, and leave any thing at all
for rent.—Farm and Home.
Setting Applstree*.
(From the Farmers' Review.)
In reading your Issue of December 11
I struck a very Interesting article on
"Planting Orchards” signed "William
Gray.” While hls article contains
many excellent points which I most
freely endorse, It contains one that I
would most seriously condemn, viz.,
“The tree top should Incline to the west
several Inches.” He further states that
the prevailing winds are from the west
and that nearly all the orchard trees
are found leaning east. This may be
the case with him, but In all this great
northwest the prevailing winds are
from the northwest and our trees lean,
not to the east, but to the northeast. I
have examined thousands of orchards
In Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa and
have almost Invariably found the older
trees leaning and growing to the north
east. He says they lean east by west
winds. I clulm to have any amount of
evidence In our township that they lean
northeast and not from the force of
wind from the southwest, but from the
direct rays of the sun. This I reported
In our book report of 1878. When every
body claimed this leaning was caused
by the southwest winds I took a bold
stand then and was considered much be
side myself by my beat friends, who
tried then to keep me from arguing the
Question there, as It would be sure to
expose my Ignorance l» Is Impossible
with the limited space I am given to
branch off and reason all these points in
one snort article, out u oojecieu iu
any I will try to make my position as
clear aa sunshine. We have eight or
chards In our grove here on the east
side, open on the east, closely shut In
on the south and weal by tall timber.
All these trees lean aertouaty to the
northeast eicepi the row that atauds
near the grove on the aouth side of the
field. The trees In the weet aide row,
too, aro found nearly upright, cauaod
by the shade they receive from the sun
by the grove If anyone double my po
sition let him go about sad eaamlne and
ho will >>• moat thoroughly convinced
i by kit own convictions. 1 do not any
tho southwest winds never set the tree,
over to the nortbenat The wind dost
' this sometimes, but not nny aftener than
they are eel over to the southeast by
the north west wind These are eacep
Ilona to the general rule.
I have found trees leaning In evar)
conceivable direction. Hut so n rule
they loan and grow to the northeast
The time was when this lath was called
Osy turd's theory sad weighed Itltlo A!
thi* time tin tiff! I wrote to a notei
profoesor u> Michigan la learn whal
earned our tree# to leaa »r grow over U
the aartheowt Ilia reply was than II
was caused hy the heavy touthweel
wlnda Thla was about eevealeea yeart
ago. hut I vesture to say aow that am
s professor la tbs UOfthUcat could b«
fouad t* utter such s conclusion ll
there ere any wo hops 'hey will earn*
Is tho ysarur. so thto old fogy aotlov
Is aow merd thoroughly evploded
j Tbs bout I raw do la Ibis short art kb
Is to state a tow tarts very hrlegy au<l
defer tho t«ut ttM some tutors roply. 4
tree maud lag erect sad I* the mf* «•
Without aai thing w prevoat the dim
rays from striking »• trunk w»U ho la
I lured aid hat hod al loot half past one
No time-piece could ahow more truly.
But If a tree leans from the sun, from
any time from sunrise till sunset, the
dead line will appear on top or facing
the aun. There are unnumbered
amounts of evidence, even In our own
township, to prove thla beyond all pos
sible doubt. Theae being facta, then
how shall we set our trees so as to
best make them aelf-protectlng? We
all set our treea here (now) leaning to
the aun at about 1 o'clock—not later.
Up till quite recently we have been set
ting and advlalng setting at half-past
1. Thla la a little too much, we think,
aa we now And here and there treea
that have been set over its far aa 2
and 3, and In almost every case treea
thus grown will show Injury, even as
far east aa sunrise or from M In the
morning. There were a few treea In a
small plat I found years ago leaning,
one northwest barked on southeast, one
leaning north barked on south, one
leaning southeast barked on southwest;
one stood close to the north side of the
fence, stood upright and sound. Thla
gave me evidence In a nutshell; and
since I have examined thousands of
trees and universally And the same,
conditions, producing the same effect.
Bet leaning to 1—no later—and don’t
you forget It. Kdson Gaylord.
H«nn*t.
The most Important factora In cheese
manufacture are the preparation and
use of rennet; next that rennet be of
the proper sort. Ten or twelve yeara
ago rennets brought as high aa 60
cents apiece. Today the majority of
them sell for only ten cents apiece.
What has caused such a decline In
prices? Becauas home made rennets,
generally far superior to tboae of which
I am about to treat, Aguratlvely speak
ins'. are going out of date
American farmers are acquiring the
habit of using a great many Imported
rennets. They are especially used In
large factories. They are generally
marked "Bavarian,” whether they
came from Bavaria or not, for not all
of them came from that country any
more than they do from the requisite
kind of animals. Bwlne, sheep and
goats furnish not a small number of
the cheap rennets on the market These
bring often poorly packed and then
neglected so that they become both
wormy and mouldy, cannot help af
fecting the quality of the cheese.
An experienced cheese-maker, of
course, may have bad luck occasion
ally, Just the same as the farmer’s
wife with her butter. Pure milk and
good rennet, however, are the princi
pal things to commence with. The
chief difficulty lies In what Is termed
alkaline bacteria, which possesses the
power to melt the caselne, and thus
deprives a considerable amount of the
solids from entering into the composi
tion of the cheese.—Albany Journal.
"Small Farmers."—I find this is a
phrase which Is disliked by many, but
It is better to be a good and successful
small farmer than an unthrifty and un
successful large farmer. We often see
business men begin In a limited way
and do well until they get aspiring.
No sooner have they made a little mon
ey than they spread out, buy a larger
stock of goods, partly or chiefly on
credit, and indulge in “great expecta
tions” which fall of realization. Many
a man can manage a smaller business
who gets out of his depth when he trlee
to conduct a larger one. Or, In the
fluctuations of trade, the times are not
so good, he cannot sell the larger stock
he has got together; before times Im
proved many articles become unfash
ionable and go down in value, and the
Issue Is bankruptcy. In like manner,
many farmers who succeed in a small
way, go into this, that, and the other
thing until they get a bigger burden on
their shoulders than they can carry.
A Gas Tree.—A gas tree was discov
ered in the southern part of Washing
ton county. Pa., in a very curious way.
Hunley Gooch and his son were chop
ping down an old and hollow tree, when
*kn>. ihniiirhi au Ihflv at riiotr intn (ho
--- — '
hollow that they smelled the odor of
gnu. The son struck a match and ap
plied It to the hollow, which the ax
had opened. Instantly there was un ex
plosion and the young man had difficul
ty In escaping without serious Injury.
The tree continued to burn until Its
Imrk was burned off. The ax, which
waa left In the tree, had Its handle
burned. It Is likely that digging near
where the tree stood will show n large
and valuable supply of gus. It Is likely
that the gae In the tree had been alowly
accumulated through apertures In the
soli not big enough to release a large
quantity at a lime.- Kx.
Roots of Clover.-A Uerrnan author
ity says that tho root aud stubble of a
good crop of rod clover weigh over
three tone per acre when nlr dry and
contnln UO pounds of nitrogen, 7
pounds of phosphoric acid and 77
founde of potash, all of which Is placed,
when turned under, In the most avail
•hie form for growing crops Wo call
attention particularly to the largo de
mand which clover mahea on lha soil
for potash and phoaphortc acid If the
raaulttag crops are removed from the
•utl uae taj sanity see how clover can
bo u*»4 for soli robbing aa wall u
raeterlag fertility. It la this fast that
' a*, gives rtoe to the Kngltah proverb
, lover without manure tushes the
father fish had the children poor
parent and I'ralrls Plreo A groai
meases to farming In the west are tbv
fo.e«t and prairie ires t ermers hav«
! get to learn that every big Ire item
11 immense damage t« their growiaj
crops. U heats lha air, and dries o|
the surtwee so that water will roll a# it
1 and hot ha absorbed by It Buraia*
! aimw and cornatalhs on lbs gels
> I is one of lha worwi precitcee that farm
; raa adopt and they i*wp the pvti
rvaults el It every time Vegetable
I matter burnt Is lesi but when twrnmi
* under the roll It Is not only noted
hoi || mahea ih« soil more potwoa m
j (gal oat ■« »*• *tnh dwen lute It Its
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL.
I -
LESSON IV., JAN. 20—MINISTRY
OF JESUS—LUKE 4:14-22.
(leliten Taili "Aid They Were Aato*lah*4
with Hla Doctrine for Hla Word Woe
with Tower — l.uhe, Chapter 1, Tara*
8S.
important eventa in
Ilia life of John the
Haptlat and hla Mae
ter. Tha time varl
oualy ratabllahed
about ZS A. I>. The
happenlnga recorded
took place at and
about Naaareth In
fjalllee, the home
of Jeaua’ youth and
early manhood. Tha
Kedeemer waa now
SI year* old. lie had Juat begun
the aecond year of hla public min*
lalry. John the Haptlat had Juat
been put In prlaon at Caalle Macherua
by Herod. Juau* now began to eurround
hlmaelf with dlaulplee. They came from
all dlrectlona, from Hagan Rome. Athena
and Armenia. The wonderful preaching
of Jeaua wa* Irrealaflhl*. The full teat
#f today’* leaaon la aa follow*:
H. And Jeaua returned In tha power of
the Spirit Into (Jalllee: and there went
out a fame of him through all the region
’ round about.
It. And he taught In their aynagoguea,
being glorified of all.
Id. And he came lo Naxareth, where ha
had been brought up. And. aa hla cuatom
waa, he went Into tha aynagogue on th*
Hahhalli-day, and atood up for to read.
17. And there waa delivered unto him
the hook of the prophet Kaalaa. And when
he nod opened lit*! hook, he found tha
place where It waa written.
IK. The Spirit of the land la upon rna,
hecaiian he hath anointed me to preach
the goapel to th*' poor; he hath aent roe
to heal the broken-hearted, to preach de
liverance to the captive*, and recovering^
of eight to the blind, to aet at liberty them
that are bruhted.
111. To preach the acceptable year of the
laud.
2(1. And he rlo*c<l the bookK and he
gave It again to the rnlnlafcr, and aat
down. And the eye* of all them that
were In (he aynagogue were fantened on
hlin.
21. And he began to *uy unto them,
Thl* day I* the Scripture fulfilled In your
ear*.
22. Am) all hare him wltnc**, and won
dered al the graclou* word* which pro
ceeded out of hi* mouth. And they aald.
la not thl* Joaeph'a *on?
The rteceaaary explanation* of today’*
text are ax follow*:
H. "And Je*u» returned," from Judea
where he had *pent nearly a year, to hi*
own country. On hla way he held hi*
ronver*allon* with the woman of Samaria
at Jacob’* well (John t). "In the power
of the Spirit," fully under the Influence
Ql IIIU WIIIVII iirw.' iMi' «• “I"'”
after hi* baptism. "There went a fame,"
a report of hie doing*. Immediately after
hi* entrance Into Galilee he healed at
(Tana, the nobleman’* son In Capernaum
(John 4 : 43-54). Doubtless he performed
many more unrecorded miracle*. In a
land where there wa* no much need and
no little help the report* of hi* wonder
ful work* of healing and of hi* teaching,
so different from what they were accus
tomed to, spread like wildfire through
those |«>pulou* district*. "He taught."
He had a double-work. He taught the
truth, and he Illustrated hi* teaching* by
miracle* of healing and help. One ex
arnple Is given In the verse* which follow.
HI* subject was "Repent, for the Kingdom
of Heaven I* at Hand.” "In their *yna- y
gogues,” their place* of religious meet- t
Ing and Instruction something like a com
bination of our churches and *chool*.
These were found everywhere.
19. "To preach (herutd, the same a* the
second ’preach* lu vers** IH) the accept
able year of the Lord." The year or era
In which (iod ha* been pleased, for the
best of reasons, to bring these blessing*
to the people. God’s chosen opportunity
had come. The allusion Is, no doubt, to
the great year of Jubilee, every fiftieth
year (Lev. 25: S-17). This was the great
year of the Jews, full of unnumbered
blessings. The Jewish captives were all
set free: to lhose who by reason of poverty
had been compelled to sell their home
stead the family landed property wa*
now restored. This was a glorious type
of what Jesus does for men, giving rest
and liberty, and restoring the homestead
or the soul, all that the soul was created
to be and to enjoy.
20. "And he closed the book”: or rolled
up the roll. Notice how the quotation
stops when It conies to the fearful sen
tence, "and the day of vengeance of our
God.” The time for that bad not yet
come. If they believed and obeyed, It
would never come. When they rejected
him, then they would see that awful day
of retribution written over the sky, like
the mono tekel upharsln blazing on the
walls of Belshazzar’* palace. "And gave
It to the minister”; the attendant, who
would put the roll back Into Its place.
"And sat down." It was the custom to
stand while reading, but to sit when
preaching, so his sitting down was the
signal that he was about to speak.
21. This day Is this scripture fulfilled."
This prophecy was originally spoken to
the exiles In Babylon. They were |ioor,
oppressed, broken-hearted, away from
home, blind to the goodness and promise*
of God. Then the prophets came with
glorious promises and Invitations: vlahMIs
of hope, of a new kingdom, of a ping
perous nation, of a lime when "Gentile*
should come to ihetr light and king* to
waste place* should break forth Into Jojr,
and sing together."
Now Jesus says, those prophecies, ful
filled In a measure lo your fathers, arc
in havs a larger and mors glorious ful
nilment. Ths lime has come. I myself
am Ih* Messiah through whom Iheso
promts** shall tie realised.
a "And all bare him wltnasa 'i by lha
ssprsaalun of the countenance, ky the at
titude of Itstsntng. perhaps by favoring
words, sort doubtless, afterward* In cun
r si sal Ion about tbs (usurious prsachsr.
And wondered at the gractuu* words"!
gracious both In what was said and In
the manner uf saying H ill* words wars
full uf "gears ant truth." |* this nul
Joseph's son*** Tu sum* this msds bis
#r». luus words mure wonderful Tw
at here, and to ih« majority II seemed
Impueelhle Biel si-surd lbs I the sun of
Ibis obs-ore Iso.Ill s ret Pettier who bss
made furnllure lor I be it houses, a man
brought up In a > ommen way. without
edin alien without rank, without wealth
ur ulh-e that be shutthl tie Ih* great Msa
slab, the hn.g of ih* Jewe tl*r« logon
that opposition win. m grew with tho
months and yewra till II culminated l« kls
srwcUltmn
QMMISftAN kNOHAVUN. *
A hotel I'kilailaa Ka dearer society
* lists la the iiimiii asylum at tad*
peedegee, Iowa II la >o pposed gf ih#
attendants a
All II* >lurch printing uf ik* l amp 1
hall l*arh INeahyiertnu church. I’kua J
1 •« !• den# by Ike Inter msdlst* I'm la I
l Ian Kndesiu* am1*1 y
trUMww Juntur* at* .ircuUMgg
pledge* among (A* mulker*. asking Ikal
all Ike egg* laid hy Ike fuale an Agg.
*( days he glteg la theig l«u mlgatggary
til PC S * - • ■ — —■ -
^ ^aa

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