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ARB By Edward B. C ASHINGTON—'There are a few officer seekers who come to the national capital in pur suit of places which carry no pay for the work involved. The boards of visitors ap pointed annually by the presi dent to report on conditions at West Point and Annapolis are paid “in honor” only. Annapolis is distant front Washington only a few miles and when the members of the visiting board go to the school THE C/iAPEL , AH HA POL/<3 ? keep the old names ditious route and, more than this, if the hazing rather than turn to is brutal the offender faces a prison sentence in *9 the new at the close addition to the certainty of dismissal from the of the reign of roy- service in disgrace. Hazing is an unpopular pas alty in America, time at Annapolis to-day. The southerner ap- The Annapolis school was built to provide for parently thought a few cadets. The changes time has brought has ■ " ■ 1 — . . ■ ' . .!_! _L1 ftrcSArtFSOfl ROW”Nt'W 0ZT/Cf.Q6'QUARTERS AT TH£ U6. MAML ACADEffY that the shad- made it necessary that provision be made for ow • of things many. Congress has appropriated large sums for kingly was noth- increasing the capacity and the usefulness of the ing as long as school. New buildings are going up, new facilities b the substance for the training of the modern-day sailors are be TORPEDO DP/LL —/7 BRA HOPOE\ THE WORK ROW 3E/RC MADE A SPEC/AITY JjY THE U <S WAVY. hundreds follow in their train. The modern part of Annapolis is the naval academy. The rest of the town is ancient, and—with the sail ors’ school—honorable. The residents of Annapolis are loath to change BARRACKS FOR US flAR/MFJ ing added, and in a year or two, at the cost of $10,000,000, the institution will be so transformed that the shades of the old salts who in life knew it will not know it save by the abiding of the spirit of things sailorlike, which must ever remain if the Ameri can seaman is to keep true to tradi tion. Within the grounds of the naval academy the old is giving way rapidly to the new. This holds true, happily enough, however, only in regard to the buildings. The broad parade ground in its green beauty and the great trees that sheltered the stu CffTBAMCF TO BANCROFT NALL . U.S NAVAL ACADEMY things, and as longas they arewholly comfortable there is wisdom in their reluctance to part with the old things and their clustering memories. The very inn at which you eat your dinner housed men and women who saw the revolution and the passing rule of Britain—a passing that some of the conservative ones of the town viewed with regret. This inn is on Prince George street—the revolution did not change the name of the old Annapolis thoroughfare. Within its walls Richard Carvel courted Dorothy Manners, and the host of the inn seems to be prouder of the ancient fact than he is of his modern prosperity. There is a trap for him who is attracted by the bait of things ancient at every turn of the Annapolis way. The old elm on Boston Com mon. now gone the way of all things perishable, was of no earlier seed sprouting than was the old poplar that still stands, sturdy and green, on the campus of St. John’s college. Annapolis people call the poplar the “liberty tree.” and it has a right to the name. Cnder this tree the patriots of the colony inet and made their pronouncements for freedom. Charles Carroll of Carrollton, who signed the declaration, spoke to the people in its shade and urged them to their “duty to liberty as against kings;” Lafayette was entertained under it. and it has been the central point of Independence day celebrations unnumbered. The records, said to be authentic, have it that in 1652 the colonists and the Susquehannock Indians agreed under the great poplar to have a period of peace. Annapolis people believe that their liberty tree was growing when Columbus landed. Its trunk is only a shell to-day, but it is a huge shell, and the branches thereof put forth leaves in the spring in thrifty multitudes. There are three houses standing-in Annapolis in well-preserved old age that served as the dwelling places of three colonial governors. One of these residences was erected, as a street passer informs one, “the Lord knows when.” Certain it is. though, that the house was standing and in use in 1692, for it was occupied then by Gov. Francis Nicholson. When the statehouse burned in 1704 the residence was used for the sittings of the colonial assembly, and it. is sturdy enough to-day in appearance to war against time for centuries to come. There is a King George street as well as a Prince George street, in Annapolis, and not many squares removed is the Duke of Gloucester street. Williamsburg, in Virginia, has a street named for the duke, or, rather, for his title, and there was a tendency all through the south to had sped over the water. Modern Ameri cans know Annapolis as the home of the naval academy. The school of the sail or has an interest that has proved over shadowing to the American at a dis tance. When he gets here he finds that the old sea town has an allurement of which he knew nothing. Little by little the residents of lie Maryland city have come to realize the importance to their town of the great government institution.. The time was when all roads led to the state house or to the Carvel mansion, but to-day they run without the shadow of a turning—as the townspeople view it—to the gateway of the academy grounds. The naval academy of to-day is a stranger to the naval academy of yester day, but the spirit is the same, grate fully enough, for if :t were not it would he “a sorrow and a mournful cause" to the country. They are turning out sailors from the school to day so the veterans say, who will meet the mark square-toed with the seamen who have made American ships respected wherever a starred pennant floats. They are graduating classes more than 200 strong in these days. Formerly a class of 50 was believed to be fairly large. The school in its membership is fully double the size of the mili tary academy of West Point. The increase in the number of sea cadets is due to the great growth of the navy, and to the fact that ship for ship the vessels of the present day require three officers where the vessels of the past re quired one. There are more than 700 cadets at Annapolis and in a year or two the number will be augmented b£ at least one-third. The whole system of instruction, save in one marked respect, has changed since the day the present superintendent, Capt. Charles J. Badger, was learning the ropes on the training ship in the Annapolis harbor. The older officers had to learn many new and strangethings with the change from the old type of fighting craft to the new. The changes came gradually, however, and it is said that the adaptability of the veterans to new conditions led the authorities to decide that al though steam had supplemented sail, the best preliminary instruction in seamanship for the cadets was to be had on vessels of the style of the old navy. Admiral Sands, while superintendent, broke up hazing at the academy. He shares honors with Gen. Mills, who killed the practice at West Point. Not long after Admiral Sands was detailed for duty at the school there was an outbreak of hazing, and the admiral, with the commandant of cadets, went at the task of stopping the practice, not for the moment nor for the month, but for all time. Formerly every time there was a hazing scan dal at either the military academy or at Annap olis congress would censure the authorities for not maintaining discipline, and then would pro ceed out of hand to reinstate the guilty cadets whom the authorities had dismissed in order that discipline might be maintained. How much stopping of hazing there could be with congress condemning the offense one minute and condon ing it the next may readily be conceived. Through the influence of the superintendent a law was passed which gives the authorities a much freer hand in hazing matters than they had before. The cadet who hazes to-day can be sep arated from the service by an extremely expe dents in tne early days ot tne scnooi. ana mat are of sufficient age to have done shade duty for many generations of sailors before their day, are still standing, the march of modern improvements hav ing been so directed as to pass the ancient mon archs by. The midshipman's life, small as is its compass, is intricate and full of interest. The externals, it they really may be accounted externals, have a world of significance. The young sailors are hemmed in with incentives to a heroic discharge of duty. West Point has its battle flags and its memorial tablets to the men who served their country against its enemies on land. At Annapo lis are gathered the trophies of the sea. and there are many of them, for the defeats of the ships of the American navy were so few that a line or two of history’s pages are sufficient to record them. Perry's pennant, which flew from his flagship',' the Lawrence, at the battle of Lake Erie, is here It is a red ensign with the words of Lawrence em broidered on it in white letters—words that are now the rallying cry of the men of the American navy: “Don’t give up the ship.” Capt. Lawrence had been killed in the action of his ship, the Chesapeake, with the British ship Shannon only a few months before Perry engaged the enemy, but his last injunction to his men already had become the Yankee tars' watchword. The Lake Erie flag is in an almost perfect state of preservation. The flag of the British brig Boxer, Capt. Blyth commanding, captured by the American brig En terprise off the coast of Maine, is in the academy’s keeping. Capt. Burrows, the American command er, was killed in the very hour of his victory. Near the Boxer trophy are the flags of four of the British vessels captured by Perry at the battle of Lake Erie—the Lady Prevost, the Hunter, the Little Belt, the Chippewa, and the Detroit. With the Erie flags are those of the Confidance, the Beresford, the Chubb and the Linnet, British ves sels sunk or taken by the American McDonough at me uauie oi LUKe vnampiam. Possibly the most interesting of all these spoils of the American sea fights is the great wooden figure of the British lion wearing a crown and with one paw resting on a globe representing the world. For arrogance of presumption the concep tion has few equals. It was, of course, carrying out in sculpture the idea of the world sovereignty of Great Britain. When Decatur, in the ship United States, defeated and captured the British Mace donian the lion with its globe was found on its forward deck. There are two iron “long Toms” in the trophy collection that fell into the hands of Commodore McDonough after the victory of Lake Champlain. One of the guns has a deep indentation made by a shot from a gun of the American fleet during the action. The British commander, Commodore Down ie, was killed in this lake fight. It is a matter of record that he came to his death by getting into the way of the recoil of one of the cannons now in the Annapolis museum. Charles Stewart, the American grandfather of the Irish leader. Charles Stewart Parnell, made possible the addition of two flag trophies to the Annapolis collection. When in command of the Constitution (“Old Ironsides”) he captured two British men-of-war, the Cyane and the Levant which he fought near the coast of the Madeiras. Stewart won the fight. The navy of the United States had its full share of making the country’s history. There is no pres ent intention on the part of the men who have the midshipmen in charge to let them become for getful of the past and the glory that has come td the service. Stoats Hunt in Packs. In some years stoats appear to be more numerous than in others, an<K they are seen not in ones and twos but in dozens, hunting together in small packs. Stoats will hunt together from scent and in full cry like a pack of hounds, one always keeping the line and followed closely by the others. This sight has been recorded by dif terent observers, who have also seen weasels hunting in the same way.— Fur News. Dined on Ancient Food One of the most singular meals ever eaten was that given to a select few by an antiquary named Goebel in Brussels some years ago. The bread was made from wheat grown before the children of Israel passed out of Egypt and it was spread with butter made when Elizabeth ruled England. For fruit there were apples which ripened before the Christian era and the wine was older than the white man’s knowledge of the new world. The bread was made from wheat ta ken from a chamber in one of the pyr amids, the butter (of which there were several pounds), had been found in an earthen crock on a stone shelf under the icy wall of a well in Scot land. A pantry In the ruins of Pom peii had furnished the jar of apples (which were as sweet and finely flavored as if only a few months old). and the flagon of wine bad been re covered from an old vault in Corinth. Six guests enjoyed this amazing meal. Won European Scholarship. Miss Mary L. ChamLerlain, of Hud son, Mass., has won the $1,500 schol arship at Vassar that will enable her to study social conditions in Europe. She was elected by her classmates as well as appointed by the faculty. She has done a great deal of work in Boston.. She is a senior, and will graduate summa cum laude. MONUMENT AT M/iD£fif1QOK W If B/ftTHPjLACE or/MAmy VAH BURES/ AT R/fiDTR/iOOH A1ART/U VAU BURSA* The New York state legislature has passed the measure appropriating 5U), 000 for the erection of a suitable mon ument in Kinderhook in memory of Martin Van Buren, eighth president of the ITnited States, and the first presi dent of the nation chosen from New York state. He was also the first of the presidents born after the United States became an independent nation. If the bill becomes a law, as seems probable, the governor will appoint a commission of five residents of Colum bia county to select a site in the vil lage of Kinderhook, probably in the village park, choose the design and superintend the erection of the memo rial. President Van Buren was born in Kinderhook December 5, 17S2, made his home there during a major part of his life, being familiarly denoted in his later years as the "Sage of Kin derhook," and died there July 24, 1862, almost an octogenarian. His grave in the village cemetery is marked only by a small monument. Many evidences of his life in the staid old Dutch village still remain. At the side of the village street stands a remodeled dwelling pointed out as the birthplace of Van Buren, although what remains of the original building is an addition to the present main structure, the old hand-hewn timbers and the walls bearing every evidence of their antiquity. “Lindenwald." the estate just south of the village, where Van Buren lived in dignified retire ment during the declining years of his life, is more closely associated, per haps, with the man whose memory the state now seeks to honor. The hos pitable residence, fronted by great trees, and surrounded by a fertile farm, remains to-day very much as it was when Van Buren died there. The property is now occupied by Adam Wagoner, the present owner. The life history of Martin Van Buren is one of rapid progress to a place of prominence in his state and in the nation. The son of a farmer, he at tended the academy at Kinderhook in his youth, and at 14 years of age be gan the study of law, finishing in the office of William P. Van Ness in New York, and being admitted to the bar in 1803. Before reaching his majority he was active in political affairs, aud in 1808 was made surrogate cf Columbia county, the youngest surrogate that county has ever had. He was elected to the state senate in 1812, from 1815 to 1819 served as attorney-general, and was again sent to the senate. The re organization of the Democratic party in ISIS was directed by him, and he was a leading member of the Albany regency. In 1821 he was chosen United States senator from New York, and in the same year was a member of the convention for revision of the state constitution. In 1827 he was re elected as United States senator, but resigned in 1828 on being elected gov ernor of New York state. In March. 1829, he was appointed secretary of state in President Jackson's cabinet. and resigned in April, 1831. In Sep tember of that year he went as min ister to England, but in December the United States senate refused to ratify the appointment chiefly on ihe ground that while secretary of state he had introduced domestic party matters into foreign diplomacy. This petty ac tion made Van Buren more popular than ever, and in May, 1S32, he was nominated by the Democratic party for vice-president, and elected in No vember. In 1S3C he was elected president, receiving 170 to 73 electoral votes for William Henry1' Harrison; his chief opponent, and a majority of the popular vote as well. At the time of his inauguration the country had suf fered from financial difficulties, and in 1837-9. following the suspension of specie payments by the banks, the crisis came which is yet remembered among the greatest panics in Ameri can history. President Van Buren established an independent treasury system for the care and disbursement of public money, and for this, which was at length permanently adopted, his administration was chiefly distin guished. MACHINE THAT BLOWS GLASS American Engineer Said to Have In vented Really Practical Labor Saving Device. Common, ordinary window glass is one of the few industrial products of which the method of making has prac tically remained stationaiy. From time to time attempts have been made to use mechanical appara tus for blowing the glass, but the re sults have been unsatisfactory and the old method has persisted. The .workman blows a cylinder of glass, which is then split open length wise and carried to a furnace, where it opens out under the influence of the heat. A slow process, consequently expensive, and above all injurious to the health of the blowers. Now an American engineer has just invented a simple machine for which, when certain difficulties are overcome, great success is hoped. The glass is made like paper, then a sheet of the paste is drawn vertically from the tub, and this a horizontal cylinder carries over an endless table, then into an an nealing furnace, from which comes forth an uninterrupted band of glass, that can be cut off in desired lengths. One of the greatest difficulties in this method is to prevent the glass paste from growing thinner by its own weight as it is drawn from the tub. This problem has been solved by plac ing in the tub two balls that rotate rapidly from the bottom to the top, which has the effect of continually drawing masses of glass towards the top, thus counteracting the tendency to string down and contract. With this new method a single fur nace can produce 12 tons of glass every 24 hours, and all its service re quires is a watchman, a cutter and two boys to take away the mines. By the present method of blowing, it would take 24 men to produce the same result. Earthquakes and Bridges. The damage to bridges by earth quakes is due generally to the banks of valleys being drawn together, ac cording to W. H. Mobbs, whose con clusions are based on a study of earth quakes in the United States, India and .Japan, extending back to 1886. More over, it seems to be the general rule that a Assure or a series of parallel As sures opens during an earthquake along the banks of dyers parallel to their courses. ADMITTED HE HAD BACKSLID Captain of Fishing Schooner Had No Bible Aboard, But Was There with Explanation. Rev. William G. Jones, who for 27 years has been the sailors' agent for the distribution of Bibles for the New York Bible society, went aboard the fishing schooner Elizabeth at Fulton Market. The Elizabeth had just come in from the banks with a fine catch of cod, and the captain, a stout, glossy chap, with a face the color of a lob ster, was talleying the baskets. “Have you any Bibles aboard?” in quired Rev. Mr. Jones. “Bibles of all kinds,” replied the skipper glibly. "We've got Bibles enough to reach from the deck to the foretop. Oh, we get them from all over,” said he in reply to another ques tion. “Let's see some of 'em,” said the missionary. So the schooner was searched in her cabin, below and in her galley, and even the shack locker was looked into, but nary a f/ible or psalm book was found. “How much better it would have been to be nice and to tell the truth," said the minister. “Why didn't you say you hadn't any Bibles? ‘Til say why, parson," said the skip per. “So many Moody and Sankey fellows and sky pilots come around calking as if a fisherman hadn't any thing else to do but talk to 'em when he ought to be counting oysters. I allow 1 used to be a Sunday school boy in a Methodist church up in Gloucester, along with my father and mother, but I've kind o’ backslid and spilled the wind out of my inains'l and got. taken aback some since them days." Couldn’t. Brooke—Cheepiee doesn’t think it’s proper to wear a watch with a dress suit. Lynne—He never had both same time.—Lippincott’s, at the DIFFERENCE IN THEIR VIEWS Uncle Si Eggmann Discourses on Rel ative Sizes of Farms East and West. “Yes. sir, gentlemen; thar's a leetle difference between farmin’ out west an’ back here in Old Varmouct," said Uncle Si Eggmann to the cronies around the stove at the Crossroads store, on his return from a visit to his brother in Dakota. “Now, out thar in the west they don’t think they've really got a farm unless it totals about three or four thousand acres; an' if they air raisin’ stock they speak o’ 5,000 head as bein’ a 'leetle bunch o’ cattle.’ An’ takes 'em ’bout half a day to hoe one row o’ corn, the rows air so long, an' they harvest corn an’ wheat enough on one farm to till our town hall. Now, that’s a leetle dif f’rent from what it is here in New England, where we call 20 acres o’ ground—a fourth of it graveyard—a couple o’ dozen hens an’ a rooster, six or eight lteows, an' a rozberry patch, a farm! Yes, sir, gentlemen; that’s a turrible diff'rence between farmin' east an' farmin' west—a most turrible diff’rence! ”—Puck. RECRIMINATIONS. She—You have now more than a dozen shirts, and when we were mar ried you had only one solitary one! He—Yes, but that one didn’t need mending! Family Medicine Chest. Every mother of sons ought to keep an “accident box’’ containing a spool of adhesive plaster, a package of car bolated cotton, a bottle of boracic acid and some soft old linen. A fresh cut should be carefully bathed immediate ly and bandaged to keep out the dirt, which so often contains germs of lock jaw'. If there is much bleeding, first close the wound with the plaster, then cover It with the cotton. An applica tion of alcohol will easily remove tha plaster. How’s This? We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any eas»‘ of catarrh that cannot be cured by Hail’t Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY A CO.. Toledo. O. We. the undersigned, have known F. J. Cb-»ney for the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly hoo orable In ail business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligations made by his firm. Walding, Kinnan A Marvin. Wholesale Druceists. Toledo. <X Hall’s Catarrh Cure is taken internally, artinc directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent lree. lTlce 75 cents par bottle. Sold by all DnutRlsta. Take Hall’s Family Pills for constipation. Children Need Acting. Rev. Perry Grant of New York thinks that acting is a psychological need, and is looking for the rich man who will build a theater for children. The purpose of such a theater, he says, is educational and is in keeping with the discoveries of Froebel, who knew that play is an instinct implanted by nature for educational purposes. Safe and Sure. Among the medicines that are recom mended and endorsed by physicians and nurses is Kemp’s Balsam, the best cough cure. For many years it has been regard ed by doctors as the medicine most likely to cure coughs, and it has a strong hold on the esteem of all well-informed people. When Kemp’s Balsam cannot cure a cou. k we shall l>e at a loss Hi know what WUH At druggists’ and dealers', 25c. There is no pleasure beyond the rules of righteousness; there is no pleasure in what injures another. Lewis'Single Binder straight 5e cigar is good quality all the time. Your dealer or Lewis’ Factory, Peoria, 111. Rather be thou the tail among lion* than the head among foxes. Products Liked By The Whole Family You will never be disap pointed if you use Libby*s Piokles anil Oon fit ments on your table. Libby’s have the right taste, which is always uniform, and you can depend upon Libby’s as being absolutely pure. Try these: Mixed Piokles Fancy Olives Salad Dressing Strawberry Preserves Ourrant Jelly Evaporated Milk Libby’s foods are the best because they are made from the best fruits and vegeta bles, by the best methods in Llbbyrs Great Enameled White Kltchensw Insist on Libby’s, and you can depend upon it that get food prod which are the most satisfactory from the stand point of taste and purity.