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THE (JEM STATE RURAL.
VOLUME 1 CALDWELL, IDAHO, DECEMBER, 1095 NUMBER 4, Alfalfa the King of all Forage Plants. Either green, or cured as hay, the nutritive qualities of alfalfa are surpassed by few other plants, red clover not exceeding it in protein or ments. muscle forming ele Farrn animals of all kinds relish, and thrive, and, in instances, fat, upon dry hay alone, and kept upon it demonstrate its value for milk making in both quanity and quality of product. It is an admirable crop for soiling pur poses.— F. C. Coburn Secretary Kansas State Board of Agricul tural. many actually become quite cows As regards its nutritive quali ties, there are but few plants that can compare with alfalfa. Red clover is the best known and most universal leguminous plant. For the sake of comparison, I quote the following analysis of the two from Wolf's table. The figures refer to the digestible nutrients in each case. KED CLOVER. Hay, Green. ALFALFA. Hay. Green. 12.3 31.4 Qqu lilies. Crude protein > Carbohydrate: 1 6 • 8,6 3.2 . 38 2 8 8 8.1 It will be seen that alfalfa, either as hay or green, contains more of the most valuable nu trient (protein) than red clover, The figures speak for themselves. Further argument on that point is unnecessary As a fertilizer of the soil, alfalfa has but few equals and, although it is a perennial crop the farmers are beo-inim* to learn that it pays them, on poor soil to plow a crop of alfalfa under in order to en rich the soil_Professor C C t . Nutritive ratio... I 7 1.0 0.3 0.4 . 5.0 2.8 3.1 5 .1 Georgeson Kansas State A^ri cultural College In this place we insert the re port of Professor Blount formerly of Colorado Agricultural College "Alfalfa stands at the head of all clover in nearly all respects. It needs no comment Its feed in<r value and as a hay crop is excelled b - no other plant As hay its value may be seen in the . , 1 1 f experiments made last year. T r j mnnt L hour steers were fed one monin red clover 1 *- r c-roin if.ee in the per cent, ot gam less in alfalfa months but considerably The fact may be clearly experiment on it, and one on They consumed each from 133 to 221 pounds more clover hay per month than alfalfa, and in no case was more, seen in the feeding illustrated in the following table. Three fed four months on alfalfa, clover, chop and roots. They consumed in steers were Oct. and Dec. Gain. Nov. and Jan. 2805 lbs alfalfa. 270 lbs. 3558 lbs clover. 558 lbs chop. 1275 lbs roots. "Each steer is credited the same amount of chop and roots inasmuch as they were given limited quantities, but of hay each had all he would eat. "Taking the hay as a base, the alfalfa made a difference in gain of twenty pounds, and 1,053 pounds less of it was fed, show ing clearly its superior value for a feeeding plant." Gain. 240 lbs. (175 ibs chop. 1830 lbs roots. ! Feeding Test with Sheep The question of the compara live feeding value of wheat and corn for sheep is a long way from being decided. From 1891 to seventy-five cents per hundred. 1 The partial failure of the corn crop of 1894 raised the price to 1894 most of the grain fed to sheep In Colorado was corn, ship ped in from Nebraska at about over a cent a P ound, while wheat cou Id be bought for sixty-five cents to seventy-five cents per hundred pounds. Consequently, wheat was the principal grain fed f rom November, 1894, to March, x ^ 95 - Judged by its composition, wheat is well adapted to making growth on an animal, and feeders were well satisfied with the grain * n weight made by their sheep during the earlier part of the sea son - The first shipments showed that the sheep were not so fat as they seemed to be. They had ma de a growth in weight, but their flesh was soft and watery, They lacked the hard, solid kidney ^ at that ha.d been a distinguishing feature of Colorado corn-fed sheep, The shrinkage of weight in ship P in S was " ear| y twice as much as 1 ' n previous years on corn feeding, j So pronounced were these re su ^ s of exclusive wheat feeding I that > durin g A P ri! and Md 7 » man 7 carloads of corn were bought, and ; some feeders claimed that they ■> could afford to pay $25 a ton for to finish up their sheep for Several thousand old sheep were brought to Fort Col lins and put on a heavy feed of r j wheat to fatten them rapidly for market. But, instead of fattening, the combination of wheat and al corn market falfa, both rich in bone and muscle-forming elements, started them growing again and delayed for some weeks their marketing, The experiences of the past sea son have shown that, for lambs, it is probably best to feed wheat the first third of the winter, then half wheat and half corn for the next third, finishing off on clear In feeding older sheep, corn. corn is by far the best grain to use.—( Colorado Agricultural Ex periment Station Report.) Idaho Farmers Head This. It is and old story now to tell how systematic dairying has re deemed farming communities that were wel1 ni g h ruined b y y ears of exclusive wheat production. We doubt whether it has ever been ; more effectively told than by Hon. John Lushsinger before the Min I reside in county in W is consin where, 25 years ago, farmers were running a race each nesota Dairymen's Association as follows: [season with the clinch bugs, to determine which could first har vest the crop of spring wheat. It had been as good a wheat country as yours was, and prehaps yet is, anc ^ wheat had been for many ! years the main staple crop. But ah this changed; the bugs, assist ed by dry seasons and impover ished soil, reguarly and complete ^7 captured the crop. Not even content with that, they overflow e d with their crawling swarms, the adjoining fiields of other cr °ps, and stopped only when ruin was complete. Disastrous conse quences followed; the young, the enterprising and hardy, moved i n ceaseless trains westward to the virgin prairies of your state and the Dakotas, to begin anew, ° ur newspapers " ere filled with notices of sheriffs sales, foreclos ures, and tax sales. Once in debt, the wheat farmers struggles to extr,cate himself, seemed only to cause him to become more deeply . rnired. 1 hen when the outlook , , , c ^ vvas darkest, our people—a few at h fs t—betook themselves to dairy in g- Their partial success caused others to follow rapidly; we be came dairymen; became so be r , , cause forced by chinch bugs, which we then considered a curse sent hy the Almighty to punish the wholesale robbery of the soil, termed "wheat farming;" but now, in the light of the events follow ing, we have reason to consider a blessed means to lead us to better farming. Green Connty, Wis., is to-day one of the greatest dairy counties in the northwest, if not in the United States; 240 cheese factories exist in that county, and nearly half as many more in the counties adjoining, mostly con trolled by Green County men. Over 20,000,000 pounds of cheese are made annually, bringing a gross income of about $2,000,000" So much for Queen Cow! you wonder that thoughtful men Do desire to stop the fraudulent sale of "oleo," when such results as this can be rightly credited to the spread of legitimate dairying?— Rural New Yorker. A Monument To A Famous Apple. The Rumford Historical society of Woburn, Del., will erect a mon ument where, one hundred years a g- 0> was discovered the kind of app l e s now known as Baldwins, Samuel Thompson of Woburn, Mass., while surveying a route for the Middlesex canal, discovered this apple. His attention had been drawn to it by a number of woodpeckers which gathered about the trees on account of the a ppl e s. Mr. Thompson thought i t a new variety, and as it pleased his taste he called the attention of his neighbors to it, and he and his brother hastened to graft from it many trees on their own estates It was first called the "Pecker" apple, then the "Butters" apple, f rQ m the owner of the land where the tree was found. The brothers Thompson were constant in their efforts to scatter it far and wide, and for miles around the people secured branches of it and grafted their trees. The neighbor and friend of the Thompsons, Col. Loammi Baldwin, the eminent engineer, showed the f ru it to his many guests, who ca me from distant parts of the , country, and this did much for the J spread of the apples fame, which a f evv years came to be known as t h e "Baldwin." The granite snaft which is to be erected by the Rumford Histori , C al association of Woburn is seven f e et high and is surmounted by a representation of a Baldwin apple.