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THE GEM STATE RURAL
NUMBER VOLUME x. CALDWELL, IDAHO, JULY 1896. 11 REPORTS & fAPERS Read at the Annual fleeting of the State Horticultural Asso ciation, Boise City, Jan uary 22nd, 1896. Extract From the Annual Report of Secretary Milliken. b\ which the experience Believing that one of the mis sions of this society is to give the future planter the benefit of the of those who have experience planted before him, by opening up a of all may be made available to all. To this end the following circu lar letter w'as prepared and sent to all fruit growers and others 'hose address could be procured, bout 200 in all. \\ * I would ask you t© give upon the enclosed card, the names o those varieties of the follow in & fruits w hich you now r regaid as the most desii able, all things con | sidered, for general cultivation, placing the best variety of each class at the head of its respective list, and in the order of their com- j Apples, value. five fall, ten winter. parative summer, , pears, plums, cherries, prunes peaches five for each class. Please furnish this office with as complete a list as practicable of all the varieties planted in } oui section of apples, prunes, pears, plums, cherries and peaches. Please also furnish a list of the varieties of the same, failing or neighborhood. O worthless in your If you have any knowledge of r seedling fruit, worthy f cultivation, of any of the classes fur any new 1 ) named in nish this office wfith a lull state ment of the kind, origin, charac and locality, together with postoffice address of the ongina ter Your careful and prompt atten tion to the contents of this circu and a concise and careful re port on vonr observations and ic searches, it is believed will be alue and importance in the lor. ar great i future developement of the hor ticultural interests of the state of Idaho. Please furnish this office with the postoffice address of residents „ ! of your vicinity practically engag I ed in fruit growing, gardening, and nursery business. I desire your report upon this circular, w r ith any suggestion.of a 1 practical nature, not later than ! January 10, 1896. Respectfully submitted, Robert Milliken, Secretary. j Votes have been received from fifteen persons in different parts of the state, the results of which are shown in the following con densed table. These votes have in several in j gtanceg h ce n accompanied by val liable suggestions and facts in re gard to different varieties and modes of treatment w'hich will de mand the further consideration of The inquiry, as w ill the society, be observed, asked for a list of 20 apples, 5 summer, 5 fall and 10 and the entire list vote d ^ reaches 77 varieties, q^he 20 receiving the greatest num ^ er 0 f vo t es are placed on the 0 f recommend sorts, subject ^ to modifications in some respects with reference to different parts of the state, different localcondi In addi tions, as well as soil, tion to the number called for the others are retained so as to indi cate how many thought ary of them worthy of a place among the original 20. of this offic to submit this list for revision and correction, not only 'ith regard to the list here report ed upon, but also to include small fruits, shade and ornamental trees well. It is the purpose w and vegetables as The following is the list of var ieties of each kind receiving the in their highest number of votes i order. 2 Jonathan, 3 Baldwin, 4 White Winter Pear , 5 Northern Spy, 6 Wine Rome Beauty, 8 Wal WINTER j ^ i Ben Davis, j sap, 7 j bridge, 9 yellow Belleflower, 10 1 Pearmain . ; | j j 2 Red June, rl. Yellow Transparent, 4 Early j C Duchess of Olden- | SUMMER APPLES. i Red Astracan, Harvest, berg. fall APPLES. - i Maiden Blush, 2 Gravenstein, 4 Earnue se, 5 Fall 3 Wealthy, Pippin. PRUNES. i Italian, 2 French, 3 Hun garian, 4 German, 5 Bulgarian. PEARS. i Bartlett, 2 Winter Nelis, 3 Beurre d'Anjon, Beauty, 5 Idaho. Flemish 4 PLUMS. 2 Peach Plum, 4 Green Gage, i Bradshaw, 3 Yellow' Egg, 5 Lombard. CHERRIES. i Early Richmond, 3 Black Republican, 2 English Morello, 4 May Duke, 5 BPk Tartarian. PEACHES. i Early Crawford, 2 Alexander, 3 Late Crawford, 4 Elberta, 5 Foster. In reply to the request for in formation as to valuable new seed lings the following replies have been received ; John F. Grooms of Star, 18 miles below r Boise on the river, j reports a seedling pear as follow's : A seedling pear in Mr. Lang maids orchard in this neighbor hood is worth}' of note, summer fruit about the size of the Winter Nelis, the same color but It is a fine 4 4 A different shape, grained well flavored pear. i ^ ! w'rites : Washington count}', Seedling prune, a new variety orginated by Mr. Dawson,of Weiser, ripens in Au It Dawson's t . superb quality. gust and is a is the finest prune I ever S. Murphy,. of Mann's Weiser has a seedling peach that is far superior to many peaches sold from nurseries. It 'ellow' freestone of fine I ? 5 saw, Mrs. Creek near 4 4 is a large } flavor, ripening in Sept, and re producing itself from seed. have a peach that is certainly the good peach I know of, 5 > 4 4 latest »diuni, yellow, quality good." R c f e ring to our fruit interest £ on g ressman Wilson in a bearing date January 8th 1896 me letter has this to say : I want to sav to you and the 4 4 society that we have the- most miserable apples here ( Washing ton D.C.) that I have ever seen, Most of the apples placed on sale i n the markets here would not be gathered in Idaho. While in Chicago and other cities, I took occasion to visit the wholesale houses when fruit was bought and sold, and as a result of the inves tigation I am thoroughly convin ced that Idaho can compete with all the world in the production of fruit. We certainly can compete with anything there in the east. I have been impressed with the fact that winter apples would un questionably find a market at this season of'the year in the east I believe if some of our fruit grow ers who grow standard winter ap ples, would hold them until Janu ary they could sell them at a de cided profit, for they would find a ready market in Chicago or some other eastern cities at that time. Report of Prof. J. M. Aldrich from the Standing Committee on Entomology. To the State Horticultural Soci ety, Boise, Idaho. Gentleman—As you have done me the honor to make me a mern ber of your standing committee on Entomology, I will report to the best of m3' ability on the pre sent status of the various insects injurious to fruits and shade trees in North Idaho, stances under which our experi ment station w'ork has been done thus far have combined to prevent The circum my making a visit to the southern part of the state, I therefoie lea\ e that section to my colleagues on the committee and confine myself to Kootenai, Shoshone, Latah, Nez Perces, and Idaho counties. The pest which has been most talked about of all is the San Jose scale, although I am satisfied that several others have each done more damage, on account of their being so much more widly spread. We have no evidence that the found in this se San Jose scale is ction, except on the Snake River, At Lew'iston m city a few' miles up the Clearwater on i both sides, this was a very serious At pest about tw'o years ago. that time a general campaign spraying with sulphur, lime and salt was inauguraeed, w'ith most While there 7 few of the insects still of are a ver} present in several, if not mam | orchards, the proprietors do not | view them with any great alarm, as they are satisfied that they can be controlled by this method so spraying. . Probably this con dition of things tends to increase satisfactory result.