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THE GEM STATE RURAL
NUMBER 3 CALDWELL, IDAHO,, NOVEMBER, 1896. VOLUME 2. DANGEROUS WEEDS. The Law Should be Framed to Bring About Their Destruction. Prof. C, V. Piper, of the Washington Agricultural college, has this to say, in the Northwest Horticulturist, about certain dangerous weeds: The Canada thistle is easily recognized by its slender, strict!}' erect stems, which branch only near to the top; its narrow, prick ly leaves, green on both sides; its numerous small heads of rose C 4 colored blossoms, and especially by its white underground creep ing stems, or 'roots' as they are usually called. It is mainly by means of these underground stems that the plant reproduces itself and which make it so diffi These un or 'roots' are cult to exterminate, derground stems found in no other thistle that oc curs in this country. The experience of eastern farmers and agricultural experi ment stations indicate that the weed can be exterminated on up land best by thorough cultivation and on bottom lands by means of 4 4 grass crops, which choke out the thistle. In waste lands the only practicable method seems to be to digout the plants in July before they bloom and then to treat the 'roots' with salt or kerosene, must be borne in mind that it is It useless merely to cut off the stem of the thistle or to cut up its 'roots. ' The latter process only as each small helps the weed, portion of 'roof' will give rise a new plant. In this connection It may be to 4 4 refer to our weed law, need of re well to which is creatlv in O ^ At present it mentions vision. but two plants, namely, the Can ada thistle and the Chinese thistle. This latter plant, better called the Spiny Cocklebur, occurs only in vallevs of Eastern the warmer Washington, and nowhere seems to be a bad weed, though in many places it has not been disturbed at A very much worse weed cockelbur, which is be-i all. is the true ginning to be troublesome in well as This weed, as daisy and Squirrel - places, the Ox-eye tail grass and a number of others, the Russian thistle and such as Spiny Amaranth, which are very likelv soon to be introduced, ought to be mentioned in our weed law. The law would be of much greater value if it were framed to bring about the destruc tion of dangerous weeds as soon as they were introduced, as well as to encourage the extermination of those which are already pests. A $100.000 Lens. In a few days the most valuable piece of glass in the world, says the Denver Republican, will journey half way across the coun try . This piece of glass will have palace car for itself and will be watched over night and day by four men. It will be wrapped in soft flannel and then bedded in Then it will be placed in a fin^ box mounted on delicately adjusted springs sus ceptible to the slightest motion. This box, with its precious bur den will be placed in a larger box and packed with excelsior: It will ride in the very center of the parlor car, and the parlor car will be coupled in the center of the If the train should be a curled hair. train. caught in a collision the progress of science will be retarded four years, and some one will suffer a loss of $100,000. That is the value of the bit of It is only 40 inches in di is three inches thick in Mass. ZD ameter, the middle and one and a quarter inches thick at the edges. Its From 205 pounds. weight is this description it would seem to be a very ordinary piece of glass but if its complete history written it would require a good were sized volume to tell the story. the important in what will be the biggest This glass is piece refracting telescops in the world. It will bring the image of the moon within 60 miles of the as tronomer, and a ding as large as the capitol at Washington anywhere in the the scientist will see it. be able to discern should moon He will not human beings, however, there be any on the moon, but he will know of their existance by the evidences of their handi If the moon has great mountains or large rivers or lakes this piece of glass will show them for the first time in the history of craft. the world. • Not only will .it the wonders of the moon, discover but it will reveal thousands of unknown things about the other heavenly bodies. It will mark one of the greatest steps taken in astronom ical science since the invention of the telescope by the Holland spec tacle makers, Jansen and Liffer sciem, away bock in 1600. This piece of glass is the 40 inch lens for the great telescope given by Charles T. h erkes to the University of Chicago, will be set up in the observatory built on the shores of William Bay, Lake Geneva, Wis.,where It the atmospheric conditions for tronomical observations are more favorable than those on Lake Astronomers in all as Michigan. parts of the world are eagerly awaiting the adjustment of the lens to the telescope. This will be accomplished within the next month, and before the end of the year it is believed that enough will be discovered to completely upset all of the present studies of the science. Sheep Growing in Oregon. In the June number of your Michigan writer a magazine, to think that the wool seems grower of the West ought to be able to get along without protec tion as he gets his range free. He is badly mistaken as it costs about 75 cents per head to run The herding, feed in us sheep. the winter, shearing tending in the summer, all For the last few lambing, camp costs money, vears it has taken all the wool and wether lambs to run a flock Our section and come out even, of the country, Malheur county, to be noticed in the never seems magazines devoted to have a good sheep vast range of hills, the lower papers or sheep, and country we too—a bunch covered with browse, and other varieties of ranges sweet sage scrubby brush that sheep do well on in the winter. The valle}s produce alfalfa—from two crops—and all kinds of vegetables and fruits. to three Hay is • w> We feed in cheap—$3 P er ton. the winter, practice of starving stock in the winter is past, abundance of cattle and sheep principally We have raised The old barbarous We have an and our buyers are from the East. the stock sheep here for Mon tana and Dakota, No blizzards in our sections, the winters are mild, but snow generally stays on the ground for two months. We lamb in April, shear in May, and start our sheep to the moun tains by June ist. Have plenty of game—mule-deer, antelope, elk—and coyotes by the thous ands . bleak hills the shepherd lies, watching his flocks which sport the green below, poor occupation with no protec tion to the poor devil.—L. W. High on the bare. L 4 And its a j 5 Napton in American Sheep Breeder. Keeping Cabbage Over Winter. In answer to numerous inquiries the following method described by J. A. Kirkmau, of Grand view, Tennessee, in Practical Farmer, is recommended for trial. He says: An excellent way for storing cabbage for win ter in a warm climate is to dig a trench six feet long, set the cab bage in the trench side by side, leaving the heads above the ground, shoveling the dirt to the roots of the first row; dig a after 4 are all transplanied as above, build a rail pen around them, cover over the top with plank and good supply of hay or straw. This wav vou mav uncover the top and cut out heads any time, and such as are decaying may easily be found. I have had white cabbage in March, kept this way. Clean out the rubbish from the orchard and burn it. harbors dangerous insects. Also protect your rabbits and sun scald, wait until the damage is done. a This stuff tree trunks from Don ' t The second annual meeting of the Idaho State Horticultural so ciety will be held at Boise, Janu ary 19, 20 and *1 21, 1S97. The Rural Northwest says that are selling in I California apples Portland at $1 to $1.25 per box, I This is due to the | wholesale. almost total failure of the apple I many parts of crop this year in Oregon as well as in the north- I west—a very unusual thing. T. hat |j paper says it will take many car I loads of eastern apples to supply I the local demand.