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THE GEM STATE RURAL
VOLUME 2. CALDWELL, IDAHO, DECEMBER, 1896. NUMBER 4 Mach In Little. Two convincing examples of what can be done in the way of fruit and vegetable culture on city lots, are found in Caldwell. Uncles Jim Patton and Francis Moore, have two or three 25 foot lots each and on these they grow an an astonishing amount of gar den truck and fruits. Mr. Pat ton has soldas high as a thousand pounds of tree fruits in a season, consisting of apples, cherries and peaches, besides having an abun dance for his own use and to give to friends. Mr. Moore is an ex pert gardener and raises his own garden truck as well as small fruits, like currants, gooseberries, raspberries, pieplant, &c. He also produces more than enough for family use. In addition to these they grow a variety of shade trees and ornamentals and have very comfortable and attrac The home of Dr. tive places. DcLano of Payette is another similar example of what it is pos A sible to accomplish on a limited These are ' 'object which should not be town space, lessons ci looked. » > They show the possibilities of the home acre. Poisonous Plants. The Department of Agricul ture at Washington is shortly to publish an illustrated report on poisonous plants. It will show the dangerous character of many common gar den shrubs and plants, will embrace many of the laurels, rhododendrous, lambkill, kidney bean root, jimson weed, water and meadow hemlock, flowers and bulbs of daffodils, bark and seeds of the laburnum, bark of the common elder, lobelias, wild horse The list lady slipper, parsnip, chestnut, lily-of-the-valley (said to be fearfully poisonous) jack in-the-pulpit, poke root, autumn , the leaves and flowers of the oleander, the bark of the ca onkshood and fox crocus talpa, the m <rlove as well as varieties many of mushroom, some of which are ' 'toad known The berries of the po commonly stool. tatoes are extremely poisonous, as 5 } the leaves and stems of potatoes have narcotic properties and the skin of old and sprouted potatoes contain a specific poison as ''solanin. known Young and 5 5 un ripe potatoes are also poisonous raw, but cooking makes them harmless. Flowers of the jon quil, snowdrop, and white hya•* cinth are dangerous, the narcis sus buib is classed as very deadly if eaten, while the juice of the leaves is an emetic. The berries of the Yew have killed many peo ple. Sorrel in salads has caused distressing results. The state ment is made that it is not safe to eat many peach pits or cherry kernels at once. The depart ment list will embrace a large list of poisonous plants and many valuable suggestions concerning them. It is constantly making tests and analyses with a view to accounting for many of the mys terious deaths reported every summer from eating unknown plants or roots. The report should have a wide circulation. Treatment of Stone Fruit Pits. Prof. J. L. Budd of the Iowa Station, describes his way of treating the pits of the stone fruits so as to insure early sprouting and a full stand. First the pits are washed and thoroughly clean ed, and mixed with eight times their bulk of sand, and put away in the cellar until the advent of cold weather. The sand is then w r et thoroughly and the boxes buried just below the surface outside where the whole mass will freeze solidly. In the spring he drills in the sarid and seed to With this treatment and are gether. very early planting, he always gets a full stand of plants. From experiments made, Prof. Budd finds that pits of the cherry, when thoroughly plum, etc., dry, will not sprout the first , but if soaked for a frozen and planted in spring, they will germinate vig orously the second spring. often plants the pits when only inches of the surface of fall sea week, early son lie two plowing is thawed out. Oregon and Washington Apples. A recent number of the Rural list of New Yorker publishes apples for O ton, and other suggestions upon the subject, from Henry Dosch and Professor Balmer re and Washing re iron E. spectively, of those two states. The lists furnished as adapted to Eastern and Southern Oregon and Eastern Washington, would apply very well to the lower alti tudes of Idaho, although it might be somewhat enlarged. The re ports say: As Horticultural Commissioner I have given the growing of the best marketable varieties of fruits much thought, and have tabulat ed the following list for northern and western Oregon : burg, Gravenstein, Northern Spy, Spitzenburg, Baldwin and Ben Davis, or substitute Jonathan and King of Tompkins Count}'. For eastern and southern Ore Olden Gravenstein, Wealthy, gon: Baldwin, King of Tompkins County, York Imperial, Yellow Newtown Pippin, Wagener and Ben Davis, or any four of them. All apples in western Oregon mature much earlier than the same varieties do eafct of the mountains, both eastern Oregon and Eastern Washington, as well as with you on the Atlantic sea board, and pur apples do not keep very long unless put in cold But eastern Oregon storage. grown apples keep fully as long a« those grown anywhere, and are, perhaps, finer flavored than with us. Our fruits are so juicy on account of our humid atmos Henry E. Dosch. phere. Oregon. Washington is a peculiar and wonderful state, and has a great variety of,climate. Apples rec ommended for the warmer val leys of the Yakima, Walla Walla, Wenatchee, Columbia or Snake w r ould be almost useless rivers, for such localities as the Palouse Valley or the Big Bend country. And apples that are fairly suc cessful west of the Cascades, are sometimes considered of no ac count on the cast side. So, there list of three apples that is no would be adapted to every part of the state. The highest-col ored, best-keeping apples grown the state, are in orchards in whose altitude is above 2,000 But the most of our or feet. chards are at a much lower al titude—600 to 1,200 feet. The best late-keeping, winter a yellow one— Y ellow The best apple is Newtown Pippin. three red winter apples in the warmer valleys of Eastern Wash Rome Beauty, Eso ington, are pus Spitzenburg, and Delaware Red Winter. The best red ap ple west of the Cascades, is Bald win. In the higher altitudes, fall apples become winter apples, and the list would include King, Wealthy and Wagener, In a country so preeminently adapted to apple growing as many parts; of Washington truly are, three apples make too short a list to in clude the best. John A. Balmer, Horticulturist, Washington Agri cultural College. Horticultural Society Committees Nampa, Idaho, Dec, 12. 1896. Ed. Gem State Rural— Dear Sir: In compliance with* your request for the list of stand ing committees for the year 1896 of the State Horticultural Society I send the list as below: 1. Orchards—Prof. C. P, Fox, Moscow; A. McPherson r Boise; V. D. Hannah, Weiser. 2. Prunes—Rev. Gwinn, Caldwell; J. W. Har rell, Boise; J. H, Lowell, Ros well . R. M. 3. Needed Legislation—Rev. R. M. Gwinn; ney; S. A. Swanger, Weiser; A. McPhersen. W. G. Whit 4. Vegetables— J. G. Petrie, J. D. Riggs, Boise; Peter Pence, Payette. 5. Entomology—A. McPher son; Robert Milliken; Prof. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow. 6. Packing and Marketing: Fruit—V. D. Hannah; N. A. Jacobson, Payette; L. A. Por ter, Lewiston. Mc Nomenclature—A. 7 - W. Pherson, V. D. Hannah, G. Whitney. 8. Flowers—Mrs. Sarah Gor ric, Weiser. Shade and Ornamental -I. P. Marcellus, Boise; 9 - Trees F. G. Cottingham, Nampa. 10. Botany and Vegetable Milliken, Petrie, Boise; W. J. Boone, Caldwell. Respectfully submitted, Robert Milliken, Physiology—Robert Nampa; J. G. Rev. Secretary. The new State Administration* takes hold Monday, January 4th, and the legislature convenes at the same time. Y . '