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k * . Xi (S' i ' H lLj Of Interest to Dairyrren. From Farmers' Review: I gather from the last Up (ted States census reports (1900» the loliowlng of inter est to dairymen: The number of farms In Illinois. 264,151; the number of farms In Illinois reporting dairy cattle. 230.635; the number of cows reported In Illinois. 1,007,664; the value of their products. 129,638.610, or about twenty nine dollars per cow. The Illinois cows average only 454 gallons of milk, or 3,85u pounds, for each cow per year. I And the Ideal cow gives 2,754 pounds of milk In thirty days, 1 And Kansas cows average less than twenty dollar» per cow; at so Nebraska and South Dakota. Iowa hau 1,423.648 cows; products, 927.510,8tU; average $19.3U per cow. Minnesota has <53.632 cows; prod ucts, 116.633.460; average, $23.00 per cow. Vermont has 270,194 cows; products, $9,321,389; I36.0U cow. New York has l.ôui.üüfc cows; prod ucts, $55 474,155; averug.-*, $3,.0U per cow. New Hampshire has 115,036 cows, products, $5,691.2 « 2 ; average, $55.00 per cow 1 And that In our state the three principal counties are McHenry, with 2,698 farms, having 52. ,.»3 cows, val ued at $2,243,9)4, an average of $43 per cow; Cook, with 4,4 j l farms, on tows vatued at $1, an average of $44 per cow; and Kaue, with 2,163 mruis, on which are 42,>44 cow« vatued at $2,1)).289, an average ul $5u pet vow. It is gen which are 35.U3U 685,262. over to iced a cow a year, in Mr. Glover s work of testing and keeping records for one yeai of over three hundred cows, he llmia the extreme to be. One cow chargea $2.0 7 to make 100 pound'» of milk, or 52 cents for one pound of butter fat. The best cow 29 cents for luu pounds of milk, or 6 6-10 cents per pound ot butler fat, and the H. H. Gurler herd averaged a net proAt of twenty-six dollars per head over and above the cost of feed. Dairymen! Study these figures, then weed out the poor uuproAtable cows and lake better cure ol and feed a more balanced ration to those that pay a profit. Joaepn Newman. President Illinois Dairymen s Association. Valu* of a "Starter. A starter must not only be aldered as a means for improving th* flavor of tainted cream, but ought to be adopted universally aa a means for ripening all creams, lays the foundation for fine fornily Aavored butler, and without It • fine flavor cannot be obtained pasteurised butter con A good starter and uni in The reputation n the Danish people for making uni form butter, that haa gained prefer ence In the English and other for eign market*. Is largely, if no t tirely. due to the use of starters in it* manufacture.- Oscar Erf en Milking at Sunny Peek Farm. D. W. Howie thus tells how the milking Is done on Sunny Peak farm, near Milwaukee: The first thing we do Is to wrep a heavy blanket around the cans winch are to revolve the uillu Hy st» lining the milk is ena'ded to retain its heat for a very lung ume. This prevents the ne< eHKitt >x »Hnniin: it attain lor the separator and calves. The text procedure is milking. Each milker has bis own cows. The poo.esi milker, as a general thing is gnen tae easiest cows to milk and the t>esi milker gets the bar.lest ones. Tills may not seem fair, but it saves time and also pre vents the chance of spoiling the hard milking <ows that, though they may be hard milkers, are nevertheless ex cellent cows in every respect, i have noticed that good milkers are "born and not made." If a man has any con siderable number of cows to milk for six months and at the end of that Urge Is not a good milker you may rest as sured that he never will be one. Each man feeds his own cows their grain ra tion as he milks them. The milk be ing weighed by the milker, he, of course, is In the best position to know which of his cows should have the most feed, 'Some are fed just before they are milked; this takes their at tention away from the milker and they five down freely, standing quietly at the same Ume. Others, if led while being milked, become so engrossed with their eating that they forget everything and step forward and back, now stretching tneir whole bodies to get a good mouthful, now drawing back to chew it, thus greatly annoying the milker. Such cows are generally fed after being milked. We arrange it so that when the milking is being done the cows ail have their grain either in front of them or in their stomachs. Care of Milk and Cream. From Fanners Review, privilege ui »aymg a mw garding whai H. ti, Wright said In the Review of March 4th. 1903, page 164, on "Care of Milk and Cream." 1 would suggest i,.at betöre seGing the milk In tanks ol cold water ot as soon i beg the words re as possible after drawn troui cow. that it ue run over a good coo. er and aerator, which is a machine having cold water circulating through it, as the milk runs down over the outside, which allows the gases aud bad odors that may have been taken up by the milk while being drawn from the cow. pass off, as the cold water has a tend ency to drive it out of the milk. If the aeration is done In a place where the air is pure, the milk will be in almost the same identical condition it Is as it leaves the udder of the cow, only it wul be cold instead of It Is necessary to use water that is at least 60 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit, and the cooler .houlo be such that It will reduce the milk within a degree or two of the water temperature, there are different makes of coolers and all won't do it by Just running the milk over It once; but there are some that will. warm. as As long as the milk below 60 degrees, the germs that destroy or sour the milk can't work or multiply; but above 70 de green they increase very fast, and milk is often several points spoiled before it reaches the creamery and can't be delected by the smell or taste, and it is taken In as sweet milk when it is not, and thus the keeping qualities of re mains the butter, cheese, cream or whatever product is turned out by the factory, is injured.—J. S. itayi, Marion County. Ohio. The Illinois Agricultural College haa a modern dairy barn may be kept so clean that a ban quet may be spread between the rows of stalls between milkings, and the guests have uo cause for finding fault with the surrouadii gs. demonstrated that Silage Cause Abortion? From the Fa.mers' Review: I don't agree with Mr D W Howie on the J don't think Does subject of abortion, the e Is any more danger of abortion e. silage made of with cows fed on ct rn fodder cows eating H. Gurler. Dp Kalb County, 111. than would be were the fodder.—Geo. dry corn ♦ From Farmers' Review: In answer "Does feeding ensi from Ing the question; läge cause abortion in cows? observation l and my experience should certainly say it does not. dairy herd at the University of Illinois has been fed ensilage for the past ten The 1 consider years with no bad results, a reasonable amount. 30 to 40 pounds, of good ensilage one of the best feeds for dairy cows and know of no bettei feed to keep cows in good healthy condition. Many of our bed dairymen feed as much as 40 pounds of ensilage for seven months in the year and also use it when pastures are short during summer with entire satisfaction. To obtain uniformly good resuits the corn must be cut at the right -tage. Just when commencing to glaze, and u must be put into a good tight silo in the proper manner. If these things are done but a very small amount will spoil. If sound ensilage Is fed in the proper amount and bad results follow I should look for their cause in some thing besides ensilage.— W. J. Fraser. Professor of Dairy Husbandry, Utp versify of Illinois. Buying a Bull. Who needs a dairy bull? I would answer b) saying, any man who in tends to make dairying the chief aim of his live slock farming, needs a pure bred dairy bull, says Charles L. Hill. "What breed." you ask; I would an ewer, just the breed you take a fancy to, for with this one, you will have the best success, because you will give it the best care. The bull the dairyman will need, will probably not be the one that the pure bred breeder will need, for the latter, besides quality. Is seek ing for good looks and many fancy points. The essential point will be the same however. In his search for a bull, by correspondence, the dairy rna n must rely largely on pedigree, and the reliability of the breeder he deals with. If possible, I would go and see the dam of the bull I was to use in my herd. "How good a cow shall 1 would say that with the she be?" improved methods of the breeders of oarq, given by to-day, to Iheir herds, should be given a place in dairyman's herd, whose dam will make at least 4U0 pounds of butter a year, of fat. no bull a not in or its equivalent, 343 pounds The greater her record, the more valuable her son, other things beiug equal. Feeding Grain to Milk Cows on Pas tu re. From Farmers' Review : not a dairy section, in fact, there is not a cheese factory This is or creamery in the county, yet 1 have been, for mam years. though on a limited scale dairyman and have a it an varying practice to feed times when cows un grain at all were giving milk, and my opinion is that a reasonable grain ration never pays better than when the cows are on pasture even and in the late summer when grass usually becomes short the milk flow c^n he. in great measure, kept up and the naaiiS in good condition, for business.— Hugh the best of pasture. cows will re-, a I ways read» r »i'eip ' Knox county Illinois. çs mr s ï College of Idaho t ts This school opens for the 13th school year Tuesday, Sept. 23rd, 1903. Three regular courses of study —Classical, Scientific and Eng lish, are offered to all young men and women prepared to take them. Tuition &25. per year. Good Library, Laboratories, Museum, all kinds of Electrical apparatus for individual use of the student in his class work. Excellent tabl e board for $2.00 per week for all students. Rooms, furnished and nnfnrnished, can be had at very low rates. For cat alogue Write to L. S. DILLE, Idaho, ^JllULlULÎLllJLlLÎLJLÎLlLiUUlJLJULOJLÂJL^ Caldwell, COMFORT FOR YOUR HORSES Can be had at the Cald well Corral, Livery and Feed Stable, ery rigs furnished. Prices reasonable. Safe liv P. E. ENGLE, PROP. CALDWELL, IDAHO. R-I-P-A-N-S Tabules Doctors find * A good prescription For mankind The 5c packet is enough for usual casions. The family bottle, 60 cents, contains a supply for a year. All druggists sell them. r oc Send in a couple of new sub scribers and get the Rural free for 1 year. The Fair Store is the place to save money. The Rocky Mountain Bee Journal, published monthly at Boulder, Colo., by H. C. Morehouse, is a bright publi cation and is filled with information particularly useful the intermonntain region. The sub scription price is 50 cents per annum, L will be sent however, with the Gem State Rural to any address for $1.25— both publicationstfor a ftjl year. bee keepers of ro Advertise your goods, wares and merchandise in the paper that reaches the farm homes. H stands for honey, write tor •, prices before it's all gone. K F. ATWATER.' B™ 915, Bçise, fftha.", V, ■ 1 . - I 1 or Clothing go to thé Fair Store and get a good suit cheap.