Gem State Rural
By the Gem State Rural! Publishing Co.
Published Thursday of Each Week.
A paper devoted to Horticulture,
Live Stock, Farm, Irrigation, Poultry
and Bee Culture, and generally to ad
vance the Agricultural interests of
the State of Idaho.
Official Organ of the Idaho State
Horticultural Society and the Idaho
State Dairy and Pure Pood Associa
A. E. GIPriON.
Entered at the Post Office at Cald
well as second class mail matter.
Subscription $1.00 per year, strictly
of the state upon
from all portions
topics within the scope of the
National Irrigation Congress, at
Ogden, Sept. 15th tolHth. inc. Canyon
County fair at Caldwell Oct 7th to 10
Inter-Mountain Fair at
Boise, Oct. 12th to 17th, inc.
*■ * ♦ < -
get in touch with
If you want to
the farmer» of the
that way, read the Gem
and advertise jn it.
State, and keep
A big, fine display of fruit and
farm products at Ogden, during the
National Irrigation Congress, would
be a very proper thing to send in
from the irrigated regions of Idaho.
We understand that several localities
to do this, and hope
many will take a hand.
That system of electric roads, for
the Boise, Payette and Weiser valleys,
and the mines tributory, is the proper
It is what Idaho needs and
Look out for
These big crop yields
reading these days,
more of them in next weeks' issue.
Our correspondence this week is
full of meat. Do'nt miss a
Ktuiy Item« of Interest From Our
In a conversation with Dr. Ustick
of Boise, a representative of the
Rural was informed that W. K. Allen
Ä Sons who have erected some 8
evaporating plants in this vicinity,
among which are the plants at Meridi
an and Beatty, in which they hold
considerable stock, will soon have the
this year's fruit.
1000 tons capacity for prunes,
will also include a cannery and jelly
making establishment. A warehouse
completed and ready for
It will alone have a
is being erected which will take care
of all the fruit designed for shipment.
The doctor says that nearly
stock has been taken.
Last year, he
hipped 60 carloads
says, Mr. Allen s
of evaporated fruit from
in this section which he is
in. For the Meridian
driers a dividend of 20 per cent was
declared. Conditions are most pros
perous at these places,
money to operate on
and also considerable fruit.
at each drier
of the prunes graded
others went as 30-40.
Dr. Ustick has 90 acres in fruit,
40 in prunes and 50 in apples, cora
the Ben Davis, Jonathan,
Lawuer and ■ Stark
He says his apple crop
will be light, j
only about 2000 boxes |
The fruit, however,
His prune crop is very j
A. J. Sebrock. living near New Ply
mouth, asks a question to Rural read
ers. He has a piece of rich clover
land. He expects to raise upon it
next season potatoes, corn and other
garden trudk. Would it benefit this
by fertilizing it with barn yard man
ure? And would this extra fertilizing
benefit the first crop of vegetables
materially? Again, would it be
liable to make the potatoes the first
season scabby by its application?
Lastly, would they be liable to be
scabby on this account in succeeding
In answer to this inquiry, Mr. A. J.
Ettinger of the Payette bench answers
that a little ashes around the potatoes
when planted will keep them from
M. N. Wilde, living about 2 miles
West of Boise, has had fine success
with his apples and hogs. Last year
off of his 15 acres of Baldwin he had
over 800 boxes of No. 1 apples to dis
pose of, which netted him $1.20 per
box. His No. 2 grade sold at between
30 cents and 50 cents a box.
Mr. Wilde has a herd of about 40
hogs. He figures that V 2 of them
will pay all the expenses of keeping
them. Last year he brought
Nebraska corn at $1.35 per hundred
to fatten his hogs on. In all he paid
out for corn about $120.00. He was
informed, he tells us, by the local
on the market. The alfalfa fed hogs
sold at from 7 to 7'4 cents per lb.
His other hogs brought 8*4 and 9 cts.
per lb. He has the Chester Whites
and Poland China. Mr. Wilde
believes that too many have made a
practice of bringing simply prune
fed hogs on the market. He
that they are very light
According to his figures one does not
realize from a prune or alfalfa ted
hog nearly so much as one realizes
from a corn fed hog, figuring your
corn as $1.35. Mr. Wilde expects to
ship in a car of corn from the East
this fall, if local buyers cannot supply
him with the article at
Messrs, W. Isaac De Horty, B. J'
McKee and J. B. Good who
ing near Meridian, have a system
lie along the
| of reservoir by
I their places, which a
side of a five mile
De Horty, he said to a
of the Rural, that there were
; ing to Mr.
three reservoirs in
situated in the bed of the creek where
it widens out considerable. The firs
reservoir was situated about 100 yar
above his place. It covered l /s of
an acre and held about 4 feet of
The second was
yards aboove the first and covering
of ground and held
about an acre
creek was now dry and was
about five feet of water,
was about % of a mile above the sec
ond, covered about % of an
held about five feet of water.
De Horty went on to say
most part dry during the summer
About the first of August,
about V 2 full.
irrigate easily 90 acres of land and
he thought that 100 acres could be
irrigated with the same amount of
water if care is taken in its distri
the reservoirs were
With his share of
he said that he was to
he informed us,
button and preservation,
states, means water for the
clear through the irrigating season.
Last winter the dams were washed
out of- the creek, although there
were gates to let the waste water
pass out. The dams are construct
ed of dirt and rock and are of course
situated in the narrow necks of
the creek. The reservoir beds are
not puddled but seem to hold the
water very well in their natural
state. Mr. De Horty says that
he likes very well the reservoir
system, and one of strong reasons
for prefering it is that he has an
independent water supply.
Wilson Hoag, living
who resided in Pottanitomil county,
Kansas, for some time previous to
his residence here, tells us that his
experience in sorghum and
beet raising are that there should be
applied to them as little water
possible. He says, to show the dif
ference, one year out of 3
of sap he got as high as 25 or 27
gallons of sorghum.
This is from
remarkably wet, out of
about 150 gallons,
the same amount of
secured only about 5
Irrigate both beets
Frank Mar lellus, who lives on the
road between Meridian
has been in the dairy business some
little time and
expects to go into
The way Mr.
Marcellus figures he makes his cows
earn him very good
He says that his
dairy cows have
came in when
averaged him «$50.00
with their butter alone.
there is the
and the calves which
making up the
gross receipts from
that separated milk is worth about
I ^ cen * s per hundard pounds as a
j totxl. I hen the calves in the fall
will bring at last $10.00 a head,
with hay at $4.00 a ton
he figures that the land
pasture for his
only net him about $16 50.,
pasture he feeds for 8 month his g
head of cattle. During the 4 month
that he feeds his cattle hay they
sume not over 3 tons of hay per
and he estimates the actual
keeping her about $18.00 per year.
Now there is $50. worth of butter
about $15.00 worth of
milk and about a $10.00 calf, which
can be turned off in
Deducting the $18.00 expense
keeping the cow, there
is left $57.00 net farm each cow,
from 8 cows $456.00 per year.
Mr. Marcellus will increase the
size of his herd to 20 cows. He has
40 aces of improved land. He tig.
ures that each year he can turn off
by means of his cows $200.00 worth
calves and $200.00 worth of hay if
conditions are favorable. This will
bring the gross returns of the farm
per year up to at last $1500.00.
As regards expenses the water
bill will be about $20.00.
would be considered because Mr.
Marcellus says that he will be able
to work out and earn more than
enough during the year to counter
balance the cost of all hired help he
uses. His taxes will amount to
about $50.00 and incidentals to $75.00
more. This means that he will be
out about $175.00 per year in expenses.
Now the 20 cows are at last worth
$1000 and Mr. Marcellus values his
40 acres of improved land at $3,000 ac
cording to current real estate.
Therefore $4,000 approximately repre
sents the amount of capital invested
in this enterprise, and $1325.00 repre
sents the yearly net reseipts from
it. The interest that the investment
is returning is about 30 per cent
annum. Mr. Marcellus says that
he will not object as long as through
labor he can turn to himself in each
year in profits about of the value
of his invested capital.
LOCAL AND PERSONAL.
Miss Jesse Upfield, of Madison,
Wis., arrived last week, on a short
visit with Mr. and Mrs J. P. Wilson,
of Middleton,-Mr. Wilson being an
uncle. Miss Upfield came via Cali
fornia, where she went with an excur
sion. She finds many things of in
terest to her in the West and says
her visit is proving a very enjoyable
one. Miss Upfield has, for a number
of years, filled an important clerical
position, in connection with the staff
of the University t of Wisconsin, and
says that institution is in a flourish
Ex Mayor W. E. Pierce, one
Boise's leading and enterprising
zens, was in town yesterday, on an
important business mission,
accompanied by C. B. Hurtt, another
man who is doing
servise for Idaho.
a lot of go° d
Mrs. Cass and her daughter Miss
Laura Cass, arrived Monday night
from Boston, Mass, on a visit to Mr.
& Mrs. Geo. Dew of this place.
Cass is the mother of Mrs. Dew.
Judge and Mrs. L. S. Dille and A.
Greenlund returned the last of the
a few days outing near
Idaho on the
were delighted with the trip.
P. I. N. \
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