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-a*. Choosing a. Beef Bull :0 It is Impractical to set forth In fig ores the proper measurements of good boll. No good breeder thinks of selecting breeding animals with a tape line, says Breeders' Gazette. A bull should first of all have a good, strong, masculine head; the face should be broad and short, the eye full and bright and the born strong and well set. Long faced bulls are particularly to be avoided in the beef breeds for the 'tea son that this formation ordinarily in dicates an unsatisfactory feeder. The ribs should be well arched and deep and there should be no marked depres sion behind the shoulders. Constitu tion comes before all things else and this is dependent very largely on am ple width of chest. Good digestive and assimilative powers are very essential, and these are indicated very largely by an ample paunch and low flanks. The animal with a slender middle and cut up at the flanks and in the a \ mmmm ** ■ 1 ////. /A w m lAUsrt I' M W c- 1 ,y mm kii HEBEPOED BULL. twist very rarely renders a satisfactory account of what he consumes so far as Handling The flesh making is concerned, quality is also highly important, hide should neither be too thin nor too thick. It should have some body to it and still be pliable under the hand. Coarse, wiry hair is objectionable as indicating lack of thrift. These are only a few of the funda mental points to observe in looking for a high class bull. Pedigree, of enters into the matter of value. course, Columns could be written in referenc. to the details of cattle judging, but no take the amount of printed matter can place of actual experience aptitude. The beginner put himself in the hands of some ac knowledged expert judge at t e r and ask all the questions out the essential animals before him and natural will do well to opportunity necessary points, with the for Illustration. to draw Spreads Trichinae. How Trichinae Trichinae, like the bubonic plague, is gpread almost entirely through the me says Major L. L. Seaman, the farm is a great hunter and eats his victims. He eats infected with trichinosis and Other rats. dium of rats The hog on of rats the rats so contracts the disease, whenever they get the opportunity, eat of hogs which have died the carcasses ... of trichinosis, and so a vicious circle is established and continued from hog to rat and rat to hog. Then again the rats eat parts of other dead rats, and It Is also true In some cases that hogs may eat parts of other hogs that have been Infected with trichinae. So there are really three circles in which this dis moves _one Is the large one, made up of hogs and rats, and the others are ■mailer, one of them being made up o f hogs and the other of rats exclusively. The two smaller ones, however, are tangent to the larger circle and there fore simply widen its radius. ease Water For Horae«. The amount of water required by horses varies more than for any other qntmnl It Is greatly affected by work and feed, being abont twice as great when the horse Is at hard work and much greater when fed on dry roughage than when fed on a concen trated ration. In one experiment a horse while walking required 27.5 pounds of water dally, while trotting ■nd performing he required fifty pounds.—Farm and Live Stock Jour nal. You know it pays to buy the best, when you buy shoes. We carry the famous Krippendorf Dittmann in Lad ies shoes and Selz Royal Blue iu Men's —-John Steunenberg & Co. Caldwell. Idaho. Fitters of Feet H few facr* If you are going to build, a Brick house will cost about the same as a frame; but it will save the painting every 3 years, otie-half the' insur ance, one-half the fuel in winter, and is cooler in summer. We have brick for foundations, brick for under ground and brick for wells- , , Kipp & Anderson 7 « Brick Yard, Near Wagon Bridge, Caldwell, Ida. S. N. MOE, Watchmaker and Jeweler. All work in my line exe cuted promptly and care fully. Gem State Rural Bldg., Main street., Caldwell. Idaho. j I i j H. E. WALLACE Attorney-at-Law. Caldwell. Idaho. Phone 23B. Practice in all Courts and U. S. Land Office. Have an Washington, D. C-, who gives special attention to Land Office practice. experienced assistant in m m For Drunkenness, Opium, I Jk A Ä I T " or P h,n# Ä " d »J C1 v¥ ,h,r Drug Using. I 9 / the Tobacco Habit " and Neurasthenia. ure THE KEELEY IHSTITUTE, orres osdencs tricfly J. J. HAMILTON, M. D. Permanently located in Caldwell, Idaho. Fellows Block. Office in Odd W C STALKER, Resident Dentist. - - Office hours. 8 a. m. to 5 p. m. Masonic Building. Caldwell, Idaho. All work warranted. RANCH FOR SALE. One hundred sixty acres, located on Reynolds Creek in Owyhee County, Idaho, well fenced, plenty of free wat er and wood, near good market, 40 acres in cultivation, 30 of which are in hay, 4 in orchard and small fruits, balance in garden and potatoes, good 7 room house and 3 other buildings, barn for 14 horses, good cow shed 35x 16, all necessary farming implements, 2 sets bob sleds, 4 cows, 2 horses, 1 set harness, etc. Last year $2400 worth of hay. fruit and vegetables were sold from this place. Price $3000. One thousand down, balance on long time interest at 7 per cent. W. L. PRATT, Reynolds, Idaho. HOWARD SEBREE , President R. A. COWOEN, Cashier W. R. SEBREE, VlCC-PRCSIOCNT A v v A first national Bank A A A CALDWELL, IDAHO £ A A General Banking Business Transacted CORRESPONDENCE INVITED A S/ A John S. mew Physician and Surgeon. Offices in the Caldwell Pharmacy Telephone 44 A. Day or Night. Caldwell. Idaho. Dr G-. E. Whitlock Opthal-mol-o-glst At Caldwell, Porter & Stone's July 23 and 24. At Parma, Kirkpatrick Drag Store, August 13 and 14. Optical Parlors Bank Bldg. Roomf 8 and 9. 919 Main, Ind Phone 597, House 2756. John C. Rice J. M. Thompson RISE & THOMPSON Attorneys-at-Law General Practice. Offices in Caldwell Banking & Trust Co. Bldg., Caldwell. r Cleveland Bay Horses. Shorthorn Cattle. Poland-China Hogs. Delaine Sheep. Light Brahma, Brown Leg horn, Spangled Hamburg Chickens. Stock and Eggs for sale. Worth the Money. V. D. HANNAH. Caldwell, Idaho. BeO Fone 93 N Juo. J. Piowhead Owen M. VanDuyn VanDuyn <&> Piowhead. Attorney»-at-La w. General Practice. Offices in Caldwell Banking and TrustCo. Bldg. Caldwell. Baby's Bealtb depends largely upon his getting the foou that agrees with him. If the food you are now using does not agree with him perfectly try some of our brands. Infant Foods deteriorate with age, so we buy only in small quantities and get a fresh supply every little while. A full line of everything needed for the nursery Hie Caldwell Pharmacy, L. W. Botkin, Prop., Caldwell, Ida. eepooeoc—ooooe co eooo opc — *■ l:.. G j£ son First National Bank, Caldwell, Ida,. CJ xö* h mi: ■ ; J ( J ' 4 / •v a (ÛTS HIGH GRADE ( «CHVI N c PI AM A WO COPPSW 60 YEARS* EXPERIENCE Patents I HADE ifiAnn» Designs Copyright» Ac. I Anyone sending a «ketch end deecrtptinn may quickly »»certain our opinion free whether an Invention Is probably patentable. Communica tion« utrlctlyconfldentlal. HANDBOOK on Patenta ■ent free. Oldest agency for ««curing patent». Patent« taken through Mann A Co. receive tpecial notice, wit boat c harg e. In the Scientific American. A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Largest cir culation of any sclentitlc loom»!. Terms, $3 a rear ; four months, $L Sold by all newsdealers. NUNN SCO. 361 Broadway, YOfk ; Branch Office. 06 F 8t, Washington D. C. I IE» Academy of the College of Idaho. NOW is the time to enter this school for the year's work. Regular 4-year courses of study and special courses. Laboratories and Liter Board 12.00 per Good Li brary. ary Societies. week. Send for Catalog to L. S. DILLE, Caldwell, Idaho. $65.00 Buys a one h. F. Oasolene engine in good condition. 3. years old. Original cost $125. First offer takes it. T he GEM STATE RURAL, Caldwell, Idaho.