It is Impractical to set forth In fig
ores the proper measurements of
good boll. No good breeder thinks of
selecting breeding animals with a tape
line, says Breeders' Gazette. A bull
should first of all have a good, strong,
masculine head; the face should be
broad and short, the eye full and bright
and the born strong and well set.
Long faced bulls are particularly to be
avoided in the beef breeds for the 'tea
son that this formation ordinarily in
dicates an unsatisfactory feeder. The
ribs should be well arched and deep
and there should be no marked depres
sion behind the shoulders. Constitu
tion comes before all things else and
this is dependent very largely on am
ple width of chest. Good digestive and
assimilative powers are very essential,
and these are indicated very largely
by an ample paunch and low flanks.
The animal with a slender middle
and cut up at the flanks and in the
** ■ 1
lAUsrt I' M W c- 1
twist very rarely renders a satisfactory
account of what he consumes so far as
flesh making is concerned,
quality is also highly important,
hide should neither be too thin nor too
thick. It should have some body to it
and still be pliable under the hand.
Coarse, wiry hair is objectionable as
indicating lack of thrift.
These are only a few of the funda
mental points to observe in looking
for a high class bull. Pedigree, of
enters into the matter of value.
Columns could be written in referenc.
to the details of cattle judging, but no
amount of printed matter can
place of actual experience
aptitude. The beginner
put himself in the hands of some ac
knowledged expert judge at t e r
and ask all the questions
out the essential
animals before him
will do well to
points, with the
Trichinae, like the bubonic plague, is
gpread almost entirely through the me
says Major L. L. Seaman,
the farm is a great hunter
and eats his victims. He eats
infected with trichinosis and
dium of rats
The hog on
so contracts the disease,
whenever they get the opportunity, eat
of hogs which have died
the carcasses ...
of trichinosis, and so a vicious circle is
established and continued from hog to
rat and rat to hog. Then again the rats
eat parts of other dead rats, and It Is
also true In some cases that hogs may
eat parts of other hogs that have been
Infected with trichinae. So there are
really three circles in which this dis
moves _one Is the large one, made
up of hogs and rats, and the others are
■mailer, one of them being made up o f
hogs and the other of rats exclusively.
The two smaller ones, however, are
tangent to the larger circle and there
fore simply widen its radius.
Water For Horae«.
The amount of water required by
horses varies more than for any other
qntmnl It Is greatly affected by
work and feed, being abont twice as
great when the horse Is at hard work
and much greater when fed on dry
roughage than when fed on a concen
trated ration. In one experiment a
horse while walking required 27.5
pounds of water dally, while trotting
■nd performing he required fifty
pounds.—Farm and Live Stock Jour
You know it
pays to buy the best,
when you buy shoes. We carry the
famous Krippendorf Dittmann in Lad
ies shoes and Selz Royal Blue iu Men's
Steunenberg & Co.
Fitters of Feet
H few facr*
If you are going to build, a Brick
house will cost about the same as a
frame; but it will save the painting
every 3 years, otie-half the' insur
ance, one-half the fuel in winter,
and is cooler in summer.
We have brick for foundations,
brick for under ground and brick
for wells- , ,
Kipp & Anderson 7 « Brick
Near Wagon Bridge, Caldwell, Ida.
S. N. MOE,
Watchmaker and Jeweler.
All work in my line exe
cuted promptly and care
Gem State Rural Bldg., Main street.,
H. E. WALLACE
Caldwell. Idaho. Phone 23B. Practice
in all Courts and U. S. Land Office.
Washington, D. C-, who gives special
attention to Land Office practice.
experienced assistant in
m m For Drunkenness, Opium,
I Jk A Ä I T " or P h,n# Ä " d
»J C1 v¥ ,h,r Drug Using.
I 9 / the Tobacco Habit
" and Neurasthenia.
J. J. HAMILTON, M. D.
Permanently located in Caldwell,
Office in Odd
W C STALKER,
Resident Dentist. - -
Office hours. 8 a. m. to 5 p. m.
RANCH FOR SALE.
One hundred sixty acres, located on
Reynolds Creek in Owyhee County,
Idaho, well fenced, plenty of free wat
er and wood, near good market, 40
acres in cultivation, 30 of which are in
hay, 4 in orchard and small fruits,
balance in garden and potatoes, good
7 room house and 3 other buildings,
barn for 14 horses, good cow shed 35x
16, all necessary farming implements,
2 sets bob sleds, 4 cows, 2 horses, 1 set
Last year $2400 worth of hay. fruit
and vegetables were sold from this
place. Price $3000. One thousand
down, balance on long time interest at
7 per cent.
W. L. PRATT,
R. A. COWOEN, Cashier
W. R. SEBREE, VlCC-PRCSIOCNT
first national Bank
CALDWELL, IDAHO £
A General Banking Business Transacted
John S. mew
Physician and Surgeon.
Offices in the Caldwell Pharmacy
Telephone 44 A. Day or Night.
Dr G-. E. Whitlock
At Caldwell, Porter & Stone's July
23 and 24.
At Parma, Kirkpatrick Drag Store,
August 13 and 14.
Optical Parlors Bank Bldg. Roomf 8
and 9. 919 Main, Ind Phone 597, House
John C. Rice
J. M. Thompson
RISE & THOMPSON
General Practice. Offices in Caldwell
Banking & Trust Co. Bldg., Caldwell.
Cleveland Bay Horses.
Light Brahma, Brown Leg
horn, Spangled Hamburg
Chickens. Stock and Eggs
for sale. Worth the Money.
V. D. HANNAH.
BeO Fone 93 N
Juo. J. Piowhead Owen M. VanDuyn
VanDuyn <&> Piowhead.
General Practice. Offices in Caldwell
Banking and TrustCo. Bldg. Caldwell.
depends largely upon his getting the
foou that agrees with him. If the food
you are now using does not agree with
him perfectly try some of our brands.
Infant Foods deteriorate with age, so
we buy only in small quantities and get
a fresh supply every little while.
A full line of everything
needed for the nursery
Hie Caldwell Pharmacy,
L. W. Botkin, Prop., Caldwell, Ida.
eepooeoc—ooooe co eooo opc —
*■ l:.. G j£ son
First National Bank,
xö* h mi:
■ ; J
( «CHVI N c
A WO COPPSW
I HADE ifiAnn»
I Anyone sending a «ketch end deecrtptinn may
quickly »»certain our opinion free whether an
Invention Is probably patentable. Communica
tion« utrlctlyconfldentlal. HANDBOOK on Patenta
■ent free. Oldest agency for ««curing patent».
Patent« taken through Mann A Co. receive
tpecial notice, wit boat c harg e. In the
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Largest cir
culation of any sclentitlc loom»!. Terms, $3 a
rear ; four months, $L Sold by all newsdealers.
NUNN SCO. 361 Broadway, YOfk
; Branch Office. 06 F 8t, Washington D. C.
IE» Academy of the
College of Idaho.
NOW is the time to enter
this school for the year's work.
Regular 4-year courses of study
and special courses.
Laboratories and Liter
Board 12.00 per
Send for Catalog to
L. S. DILLE, Caldwell, Idaho.
Buys a one h. F. Oasolene
engine in good condition. 3.
years old. Original cost $125.
First offer takes it.
T he GEM STATE RURAL,
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