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The Gem state rural. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho) 1895-1910, July 06, 1905, Image 1

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Gem State Rural
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Vol. X
No. 3u
Caldwell, Idaho, July 6, a 905.
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Squirrels


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Government Experts to Exploit the
SP Matter of De stro ying Mischievous
; Rodent« by Resultant Diseases.
.
Weiser, June 26, 1905.
Mr. A. E. Gipson, Editor,
J Dear Sir:
In the Gem State Rural of the 22d
last., you invite your readers to fur
nish information concerning the inoc
ulation of squirrels with a virus for
the purpose of destroying them
through a resultant disease. 1 will fur
nish you with the information I re
ceived from the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture in answer to my
Inquiry for light on this subject, from
Which I judge that nothing of the kind
has yet been discovered:
"Mr. Norman Jackson,
Weiser, Idaho,
I Dear Sir: In reply to your coramuni
. nation of the 6th inst, -asking for in
formation in regard to the inoculation
qf ground squirrels with a view to di
minishing their numbers, I have to re
i
ply that as yet our department has not
experimented in this direction. More
OF less successful attempts have been
made in Germany to produce bacterial
cultures to be used in the destruction
subject of destroying mischievous ro
fonts by means of bacterial cultures
in cooperation with the bureau of ani
foml industry. The igreat difficultly
It is our intention
of rats and mice,
in the near future to investigate the
Is to obtain diseased animals for such
•*P er ™ ents ' and a °y assistance you
may be able to lend us in this connec
tion will be appreciated.
Respectfully,
C. Hart Merriara,
Chief Biological Survey."
So much damage is wrought through
out this section by ground squirrels
that our people could well afford to aid
the department in the efforts about to
be undertaken.
I have your letter of June 17th., and
have read the clipping you enclose,
(The clipping referred to was one
which has been widely published,
recommending the use of gasoline to
destroy dandelions on lawns). A few
people about town have been trying
the gasoline on dandelions, and have
met with some, though variable sue
cess. Prof. French tried it in his yard
and killed most of the plants to which
he applied it, and in some cases the
roots have rotted out. He has killed
the grass around them in a good many
places, however, and made his lawn
loon pretty spotted. Of course some
spottiness would result even from dig
ging them out with a spade, but the
gasoline spreads to the ad joining grass
Yours truly,
Norman Jackson.
Gasoline To Destroy Dandelions.
The following from Professor Jud
son, horticulturist of our State Uni
versity, will be read with interest:
Moscow, Idaho, June 29, 1905.
Mr. A. E. Gipson,
Editor Gem State Rural,
<4
unless great pains are taken. I know
of no experiments on dandelions with
Bluestone, but am planning to make
some experiments with this and also
with gasoline within the next few days
and shall be glad to inform you of the
result.
Very truly yours,
L. B.Judson,
Horticulturist."
Butter Makers Must Label Butter.
Boise Idaho, July 6, 1905.
To the Editor Gem State Rural:
I wish to call the attention of the
public, and especially the butter mak
ingpartof the population, the require
ments of the new law governing the
branding or labeling of butter or but
ter wrappers.
A part of Section 18 of the New Pure
Food Law reads, ''All butter sold or
0 g eret i f or sa i e w ithin the State shall
have the name of the manufacturer
and place of nlanufacture stamped up
A portion of Section 20 reads; "Each
package of butter offered or exposed
for sale shall have stamped upon the
wrapper or the package, the actual
number of ounces contained in said
on the label."
package. Each square or roll of but
ter kept, exposed or offered for sale in
the State of Idaho, which is represent
ed to contain one pound in weight
shall contain full sixteen ounces; and
a square or roll representing two
pounds in weight shall contain full
thirty-two ounces". All butter which
has been packed in tubs, firkins or
other vessels shall be known as "tub
h u tter", and when placed upon the
market for sale shall have stamped up
on or wrapped, upon the wrapper
in addition to the above, the words,
"Tub Butter", in one half inch Roman
The above law includes all butter,
whether creamery, dairy, separator or
ranch butter. I wish to state that the
use of coal tar dye coloring material
in butter is prohibited by law.
The law does not state as to the kind
of brand that shall be used, but we
shall insist upon a brand of good sized
type, and the ink used shall be of a
quality that will not "run" or go
through the wrappers into the butter
and damage the qnalitv of the same,
The State Board of Dairy, Food and
Oil Commission at the meeting held
on July 1st, ruled that butter must be
of full weight when sold to the custom
er; so due allowance mu«t be made
for shrinkage. This is a new law
and farmers especially may not be
familiar with it; therefore I am going
to give a good length of time for every
one to get their butter wrappers print
ed or get their own stamps for print
ing the same, but I do urge all butter
makers to fall into line as soon as pos
sible and comply with the law.
I shall give until September 1st, 1905
to comply with the law, and I hereby
advise all dealers in butter not to
handle for sale any butter not proper
ly branded, after September 1st, next,
I believe this will raise the standard
of butter and if John Doe does not
make as good butter as John Smith, it
will soon be found out and Mr. Doe
will have to go out of business as a
butter maker. No butter maker should
be ashamed to brand his butter, and if
he will stop to think he cannot help
but see that a nice, clean-cut attractive
brand will help to sell his butter, just
the same that a nice fancy brand helps
to sell other goods. The aim of the law
is to raise the standard of dairy pro
ducts and give the producer a chance
to protect his products against an in
ferior class of goods.
The only means we have of getting
this before ihe general public is
through the medium of the press, and
we hope all newspapers in the State
will copy and publish this article.
Kindly thanking all publishers in
anticipation of a compliance with this
request. I am,
Yours most respectfully,
A. F. Hitt,
State Dairy, Food & Oil Commissioner,
-
A New Live Stock Sprayer.
The practice of dipping cattle has
not been entirely satisfactory, and
cattlemen have objected to it as being
severe, and even dangerous, if not
cruel, to the stock treated. Spraying
has been suggested as a cheaper and
more humane way of treating live
stock, and is especially effective in re
suits; and a spraying machine has
been invented and is now on trial in
Colorado. It is called the Seabury
Live Stock Spraying Machine, having
been patented by Dr. G. T, Seabury
It stands on its own wheels and is
state veterinarian of Wyoming. The
plan and working of the machine is
described as follows:
practically a covered tank, the floor
of which is a moving sidewalk. The
stock are driven by a chute at one end
and pass through the tank down an
other chute. After being run up the
chute the animals have no chance to
balk because the moving sidewalk
carries them right on through,
On
'
douched with a spray from 250 jets
each with three holes, placed on all
sides of the interior. The spray is un
der eighty pounds pressure and drench
The machine is operated by a trac
tion engine, and may be moved over
the country from one bunch of cattle
to another, just as threshing ma
chines are moved in the farming dis
tricts. The spray is similar to the
dips used for years past, composed of
Beaumont oil, lime, sulphur, etc.
The work of sprayiug may be car
ried on very rapidly, as an animal can
be passed through in thirty seconds
The first extensive test of the machine
is to be made at Corona, Colo, on a
bunch of 75,000 head of range cattle,
The owners charge from 16 cents to
25 cents a head for spraying according
to the size of the bunch, and they pro
pose to operate the machines in that
way, rather than sell them outright,
The cost of constructing a machine is
given at $2,000. It is proposed to turn
out the machines as rapidly as possi
ble, and if the manufacturing com
pany are not able to do the work as
rapidly as desired they may erect a
plant of their own. Their patents
cover the United States and seven for
eign cattle countries,
reports haying orders to place the ma
chines at the Omaha stock yards, with
Miller A Lux, the big cattlemen of
California; in Iowa, Montana and Old
Mexico.
es the animals to the skin.
The company
Interesting Experiment In Horticulture.
County Assessor, J. W. Watkins,
while doing official work the other day,
visited the home of Harry Shearer,
at Squaw Butte, above Emmett, and
was greatly interested in what he
found in the shape of experimental
work which Mr. Shearer is conduct
ing. The farm of 160 acres is on the
west side of the Butte, and 5 or 6 acres
are devoted to fruits and nut bearing
trees. There are many varieties of or
chard trees, consisting of apples,
pears, peaches, plums, nectarines,
apricots, quince, etc, besides small
fruits in great variety. A fig tree is
also one of the attractions. Mr.
Shearer has four different varieties of
waluuts,—the black, white, English
and Japanese. A sample of walnuts
grown on the Shearer place was left
by Mr. Watkins, at the Rural office,
They are smaller and more pointed in
appearance than the English variety,
but are similar in quality. Many of
these nut trees are bearing and the or
chard fruits are generally full. One
of the novelties which Mr. Shearer
has, is an apple tree, with euphonious
name, Undnleskina, the wood of
which is of a carmine color and the
meat of the fruit is a blood red. It is
not of special value. He has many
other things of interest on the place,
Mr. Watkins says that Mr. Shearer
quietly experimenting for
many years and has become quite
skillful and expert. He also enjoys
When ir
as been
his experiments very much,
rigation is needed he utilizes a large
spring near at hand. His location is
favorable for fruit growing and es
pecially for dodging unseasonable
frosts.
Government to Test Dry Land Farming.
It seems that Uncle Sam is to test
J the merits of dry land farming. A
location has been secured on the west
ern slope of Colorado, in Garfield and
Pitkin counties, far above the irrigat
ing canal, and where "the only possi
ble moisture will come from nature it
self." The station, or farm, will be
under the direct management of ex
perts from the U. S. agricultural de
partment, who will determine what
kind of grains and grasses, or other
crops, shall be planted. The State
Agricultural College will keep in close
touch with the experiments, and take
up the work when the government
specialists have finished. This ap
pears, to the Gem State Rural, to be
an important step in the right direc
tion and one that ought to be extend
ed to other pjrtions of the arid west.
W. M. Fritz, a Dry Creek farmer,
has »rived the problem of raising a
fine garden by irrigating with a pump
and windmill. He pumps the water
into a large tank, from which he con
ducts it to the garden as required. The
feasibility of irrigating any
tract, from a garden tract to a home
depth, has been so fully demonstrated
that it is expected the method will ere
long become quite general. — Twin
Falls Ex.
Pumping Is Feasible.
sized
stead, by the use of pumps, where wat
er can be obtained at a reasonable

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