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<#■ Vol. XI Caldwell, Idaho, February 15, 1906. No. 10 Horticulture in Idaho. Address by President. Fremont. Wood, of the Idaho State Horticultural Ass'n Before the Farmers' Normal Insti tute at Caldwell, Ida., Jan. 26 06. Mr. Wood said in part: "Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle men:—Situated in the great Snake River valley and along its tributaries, a large portion of Idaho presents un paralleled opportunities for horticul tural pursuits. No occupation involv ing the tillage and cultivation of the soil involves such great care in the se lection of its location, as regards soil, climatic, and surrounding conditions as does the general pursuit of horticul ture, or particularly those branches of horticulture which supply a vast por tion of the fruit product which enters r into the world's commerce. Idaho, so far as soil and climatic conditions is concerned, possesses ev ery favorable feature sought for by the horticultural enthusiast, the only drawback thus far presented being perhaps the distance from the world's markets and lack of competitive trans portation facilities, small beginnings along the lines of general fruit culture, we have fully demonstrated that the excellence of our products, is so far above the ordi nary standard that we have been en abled to overcome distance, and the heavy freight rates occasioned thereby and still find u : an unparalleled market for our fruit at prices vastly in excess of the amounts realized for what has always been recognized as standard fruits in the eastern states. For many years Idaho fruit growers have shipped their products to eastern markets and commanded fancy prices for the products of their labors wher ever intelligent direction has been given and an honest effort made to place nothing except the best quality of fruit upon the market, at the same time packing in a pleasing and attract ive manner so that the customer But, with the 4 r knows that he is receiving sound and perfect fruit. These small beginnings amply justify extensive engagement in horticultural pursuits along expen sive lines in many portions of this On account of earlier expérimenta tion, certain portions of Oregon, not ably Rogue River valley and possibly the Hood River valley, have gained reputations for their orchard products exceeding that of any other section of the Northwest. But it is now conced State. ? ed, where tests have been made, that those beautiful and protected val leys cf our neighboring state present no conditions of soil or climate more attractive to the home seeker than those sections of our own State lying within the lower altitudes, and partie ularly those now being developed by the government under the national reclamation act, which lands will soon be made the homes of more people than are now dwelling upon all the cultivated lands within the State. There is but little hope of improv ing the conditions or the methods of those who have been tilling the soil from the time of our earlier settle ments. The great mass of the agri culturalist are perfectly satisfied with \ conditions that have obtained, and in view of the improvement that many of them have made there is no encour agement to presume that they will change these pursuits and engage ex tensively in the cultivation of the or chard and the garden. The ordinary , , , , farmer who has been perfectly satis . K } bed with riding his harrow, his seeder , , . and his reaper, his mowing machine and his hay rake, can hardly be ex pected to turn his attention from these pursuits to those of growing and pro tecting the vine, the bush and the bearing tree. For many years the apple and the pear, the peach, the prune and the plum,the cherry and small fruits have been successfully raised over large portions of the state, and particularly along the great Snake River Valley and in the valleys or the streams trib utary thereto. Apples have been grown in abun dance for many years and without failure from some of the middle a 11i r to the point where that river enters into the great canyon, near Huntington, Oregon. . , c 0 , n tudes of buake Rive ."■ ;■ * u v - mm V > vî; > -, f&a m f «gSàR: ■;M S <■ m * Th Courtesy Peak-Chronicle A FrmnonL Comity Oat Field. Grown on the Fletcher Ranch, near St. Anthony, yielding 85 bushels to the acre, machine measure, and weighing 45 lbs to the bushel. and particularly along the valleys of the Weiser, the Payette and the Boise, all of which are tributaries of the Snake River. Wherever care has been exercised in the location and surround ings for such an orchard, where the same care has been given in the sei ec tion of the varieties planted and there after ordinary care and attention has been given to the development of the tree and its cultivation, the results have proved most gratifying, and if the ledger balance could be struck, the acres thus cultivated and developed would show a far greater balance in favor of the owner than that obtained by any other method of tillaee of the soil. What has been said of the apple is equally true of the prune, the pear and the plum, and in all protected lo calities the peach and the grape may be grown in profusion. What greater inducement could be offered to the new settler, the home builder, or the capit alist, desiring upon a more extensive scale, to enter upon horticultural pur suits than to lay before him the mag nificent results that have been produc ed for a series of years by some of our best orchardists the Associated IIIGH PRICES FOR FRUIT. A few months ago Pre dispatches announced the sale of a car of Oregon pears on the New York market. The importance of the announcement consisted of the fact that this car of pears sold for a high - , , , _ . , , er price than ever before obtained for ... , , . , a similar car or fruit upon any market, ,. Ihe car contained obO ordinary pack ages of 50 pounds each and sold for an average of £6.S5 per box. fient is made the subject of a two-page article in the Western Fruit Grower. That inci Two pages of this paper, with illustra tions. are given to the Rogue River Valley, Oregon, and its possibilities as a fruit producing section, while the real text of the article was the produc tion and sale of this remarkable car A further examination of a of pears. this article discloses the fact that the grower of this fruit was the owner of a large pear orchard, that he was one of the earlier fruit growers of the Rogue River section, that he had large acreage in pears, and that this car consisted of selected fruit from a large number of trees. I am not going of question the contention of the writer of the article in the Fruit Grow er, that the Rogue River Valley in Oregon now is and in the future may be one of the great fruit producing regions of the United States. I am willing to concecd all that it has done and all that it may be able to do for the future, but I am not willing to conceed that the Rogue River Valley has at any time any advantage over the general conditions prevailing for fruit growing in southwestern and central Idaho, REMARKABLE SHOWING FOR IDAHO PEARS. Judged by the standard of the West ern Fruit Grower, Idaho has already outdone and may continue to outdo the famous valley of Oregon. On October 11th 1904, Mr. H. C. Myers of Boise sold 100 boxes of pears of sira ilar weight upon the New York mark et for $732.50, or an average of $7.32>^ per box. This was a small shipment from a small orchard. The orchard of Mr. Myers is situated on the sage brush bench about 2 miles southwest of Boise and the soil upon which it is si'uated has no advantage over pract 'dally all of the sage brush lands of southwestern and central Idaho. Un 1'ke the Rogue River Valley orchard ist, Mr. Myers has but a small acreage * n P^ars, his trees being proportion atelv less in number than the trees River grower But, we do not need from whirh thp R ni rii,< rrom wnicn tne K.ogut_ hi - fruit ^elected hi- iruit. to point to exceptions and individual cases to maintain the high standard of onr orchard products. The reports of the great commission houses handling and selling Idaho fruits are ample ev idence of their high standing when compared with those fruits grown in all other sections of the country, HIGH STANDARD DEMANDED. Having as we believe, established our claim to the highest standard pos sible as a horticultural state, what then is necessary to secure the high est possible development along these lines. To this we reply direction and honest endeavor. horticulturist has no fear of counter feits or adulterations. While there is intelligent The a vast opportunity for the adulterat ion of the fruit products, the green fruit alw ays speaks for itself. There can be no counterfeit of the highly colored, highly flavored and luscious apple, the king of fruits; there can be no counterfeit of the pear, the peach, the prune or the plum, the cherry or the grape, and there can be no coun terfeit or adulteration of the large the strawberry, the raspberry or blackberry when offered fresh from the vine and the bush. With many of the manufactured fruit products the competition is so great that dishonest men have been tempted to adulterate with much cheaper products, and thereby reach trade that could not be otherwise obtained. The grower of green fruit, however, is placed above all of these temptations, and he can only succeed by producing that which presents the finest and most inviting appearance, and at the same time pre sents the finest flavor—and in securing such a product nothing but the most intelligent direction will prove avail able. Thus must it be with the horicultur ist of the future. For a long time in all of our great cities the high class and fancy green fruit* of every de scription have been on an increasing demand, and at no time has there been a sufficient quantity produced to satis fy that demand. Thisdemand has in creased at such a rapid rate that it is impossible to consider that the visible supply can keep within that demand, To illustrate: Something like two years ago our state was visited by an emi nent horticulturist connected with the Department of Agriculture, and when examining and testing a very common sample of one of our Jonathan apples made the remark, "Never be afraid of overstocking the market as long as you can rai->e and place upon it that kind of an apple''. REQUIREMENTS FOR SUCCESS WITH fruits And now to be particular, if you should ask me what I mean by intelli gent direction, when applied to the fruit business, I should say to you that it involved many questions. 1st. It involves the selection of your site, or the location of your orchard, 2nd. It involves the selection of the varieties of the fruits you are to set out, whether the same be apples, pears, prunes or the smaller fruits.