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The Gem state rural. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho) 1895-1910, January 03, 1907, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2019269501/1907-01-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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Hon» (lie author made a prelirnin
ary statement, as true now as it was
then, to-wit:
•There is probably no
pan of Rural Economy which com
, B ° " reat a degree the agree
" ""T " th " m,nd With aC '
or 'î 03 !"*'", 1 ;. a V he cu,tlvatlon
. ' W ' 1 ° rher ,jra,1<
m o an «tensive orchard establish
nunt, to the man of wealth and lei
sure. It offers the means of improv
Ing an adorning his estate; the scl
entlflc cultivator wll find it an inex
haustlble source of Intellectual oc
cupatlon; while the practical farmer,
whose views are limited to objects of
certaln profit, will bo amply remun
orated for every expenditure of
or or money, by the immediate
comfort, and eventual emolument,
Hiich an
The horizon of this
which will be derived from
establish ment."
author's views
Red, hut a perusal
shows that
Ilm
was, of course,
work
investlgated
of
his
ho had
carefully and that he
was able to
proper
The
give the fruit Industry
station In
its
Rural
Economy.
same author, however
In flue need by his
environments
was evidently
surroundings and
when he
the extent of terrltor
this industry might be practically
and successfully prosecuted, because,
h ay ' "'t ta. lone „een
ho opinion of accurate Judge,, that
the middle states possess a climate
considered
y over which
linn „I Ihn „ ' h<S P roduc -
finer liquor and table
apples; R will probably be found,
eminently favorable to
'.nd the i MOh * Wk 1 r ' V, ' r NVw York
I m , n r V,rKlnl "- .re
" * ° 1 mt '^strict of coun
try which produces apples of the
due degree of rich
for both purposes."
ness and flavor
Ci'rrat Fruit
Producing Regions
tile Future.
of
from
This work
fifteen
sou
was published
nearly
years after President Jeffer
purchased
many
of the coun
por
Louisiana
France, but at the time
of the great statesmen
try believed that
Mon of that territory was
when
a considerable
practically
la the past two decades,
e have demonstrated that
great fruit producing
the future, where the high
fancy deciduous fruits
duced for
valueless.
however,
(ho
regions of
grade and
will be
u
the
pro
many centuries. Ilea in the
north western
extrenie
part of
country «n.l largely within the states
f Washington. Oregon and Idaho,
section of country practically
known when the first publl
fixing to the
o
a
cation re
fruit
u n
cultlvation
Re«» wa* Issued in this country.
of
adapta
oui climate,
he highest develop
along horticultural
Having demonstrated the
bRRy of our soil and of
It would be
unwise indeed if
we
failed t« obtain
ment possible
lines.
"For
many years
Government has been
large sum of
the
National
.
any way affecting the proaeTutlon If
'"e fruit Industry, from the 1
of the soil and th. production . h
growth of the tree to th
marketing Tthe rt it"" T h ?
information is availall , 8
desiring to obtain the - *1* °" e
•:?- - -"sï:
of o,„vrlv„ , ( '...'' PorT.'re^ntte 00 '
«r.. f . reason these
loss .re held thll'äad othT' J""''
because br ,' S '" ,es -
Who are woThlo* ato^nar | "
com, .H ' 8 '
comparing notes,
absorbing la
spending
money annually for the
a
investigailon of
and
associe tlons
for the purpose of
stating experiences and
formation from the experiences and
views of others,
-While a good many questions
J have been outlined for consideration
at this series of meetings, every
° ne 8h0Uld be giV6n t0 understand
at the out8et that lhese meetings
aM ' not intended to be confined alone
to the consideration of the subjects
proposed.
where desired along horticultural
lines, not covered by the questions
outlined for discussion, those ques
lions should be made known
question would be completely ans
wered by the experience or experi
an ^'
every
If information is
be
cause the chances are that
la- ences of others present,
If any member of the association
has any suggestions to make involv
ing the change of our horticultural
laws,
any kick or objection to
make with reference to the
or
manner
of execution of these laws those ob
Jectlons should be
niade here and
thoroughly considered so that this as
soclatlon may take action and make
recommendations In relation (here
to.
that the fruit Industry
successfully prosecuted in this
any other stile without thl
tlon of wl M horticultural la
for the
Campaign Against Orchard Pests.
"I have
no hesitation in saying
cannot be
or
opera
ws passed
purpose of eradicating dis
eas « s »"<> resisting the inroads of
Insect pests. There is no
more pos
the horticulturist
- ceedln e without the faithful
of such law, than there
the stockman to
suc
execu
is for
succeed when the
range is permitted to be
with mangy horses and with cattle
or sheep weighed down with Infec
tious diseases.
over-run
Thus far the horti
cultural Interests of the
been at
state have
a decided disadvantage, be
we have not had
spector, authorized and
devote his
cause
a state in
wa, passed, the dutleTot
commissioner and the
weights and
uhn, ♦ , required to
whole time and attention
to horticultural inspection,
years ago when the dairy and
food law
A few
the pure food
sealer of
'■
nnM . '
measures were
mposed upon the state horticultural
Inspector, and,
sequence,
as a
necessary con
very large part of the
time of the Inspector has been
sarliy devoted to duties imposed
the dairy and
a
neces
now proposed to
pure food law.
It is
segregate, if
file, the two offices and
lature to provide that the
tlcultural inspector shall
entire time and
ask the legis
devote his
attention to the du
ties
state hor
horticultural in
«pect ion law. The duties imposed by
the law creating the latter office
when properly performed —'
quire all of the time and
will
re
all of the
energy of the best talent that
secured therefor.
can be
When this
ques
tlon
comes before the
association, I
want to urge upon you the neces
for unanimous action, because
If' ,!,> ' ,,rMnnation of ^1« association
In U * * W ' U be far rpa ^u<
f ° ffeCtS ' Bnt the actioa 0 f the
legislature is not all that is needed
T" f ^
° horticultural
*° k ° f the Iaw ,tse,f
sr ,hat
' h "' he ' 8 Ch " rsed
the responsibility of seeing
'J th "' '" W ls
hls ne| K^or. but that his
r" 8 ^ °" fr "" s -
M tr ° m the ohjectlonable
and diseases. r
encouragement I
sity
to
of
laws,
because,
there must be
will demand its
ex
f «wer
with
and
every fruit
not on
"Ith by
own orch
ar ? kept
'.sects
very mtle
can assure you for
There is
the grower of a 20 or a 30 or a 40
acre orchard to spray year after
year when the tree is dormant for
. the scale and t0 prevent the inroads
I of fungus disea ses when his neigh
bor. but a short di8ta nce away, al
lows his orchard to become scale in
, f ec t ed so that it is hardly possible
j for a bird t0 fly from one orcbard
to the other without carrying with it
the objectionable scale. There is
but little encouragement for a grow
er to raise fine and perfect fruit,
if others in the same locality are
permitted to allow their trees to re
main infected, and then place their
upon market at
such figures as to exclude the perfect
fruit therefrom. I am not overdraw
ing this picture, and the fact that it
is not overdrawn furnishes the
son for our most careful considera
tion of this subject. *
rea
Proper Storage Facilities Needed.
Another question, which is
pro
posed for consideration at this meet
ing, involves proper storage facilities
for our apples before they are placed
upon the market.
For many years
the smaller orchardists have
able to pick their apples during the
favorable weather of the
been
But, as the
harvest
season and pack them as rapidly as
they were picked.
Such a course in
volved no necessity for storage.
m an\ of us packed our apples
at the tree and loaded them imme
diately upon the
In
f ac t
cars.
capacity of our orchards
has in
creased and our methods of
pack
ing have been improved, it has al
ready been found impossible to
all of our fruit at the
pick
proper time
and at the same time properly pack
as rapidly as it is taken from the
trees. As a result of this condition
of affairs proper storage must be
provided or a large per centage of
our crops must be left too late
on the trees.
it
up
gone a ion«, wo
Paying for sufficient stora-e
for the product of the entire
ar d, if i bad been
Nearly all of
The apples which I
past season, on account of
my inability to pick them
proper time for want
~ W ° U ' d haYa
i ost the
at the
suitable
of
able to save it
apparently must be
taught these lessons by experience
1 have had my experience, I have
missed my opportunity to nrnvido
storage from the profit of the an
p!l>s wh{ ch were destroyed but rnv
Plans have already been formulated
US
for the
construction of a cellar anH
2TZ ^ ^
mv entir t0 h ° USe and protect
®
T1 L T Crop ' And > in this con
" f T 1 deSire to cal1 the attention
l h ass °ciation to
affair s which
mav make
necessity 6
a condition of
may possibly confront
which
ns in the future,
local storage
an absolute
many years the fruit growers of
vicinity have been favored with
of "green TT** ^ ^ ship -en^
? Sreen fruit s. While there
been complaints about the
refrigeration, there has
complaint
For
this
He if
ha ve
charges
been 1R
for
any
promptness of
about
service so f ar
l nestion of supplying fruit
concerned.
the
as the
cars was
In our shipments
ern markets, either
tion
to east
refrigera
under
or ventilation.
°nly the
best
enuipment can be safelv
til (he close of the
is
used.
Present year what
Private
Un
commonly known
car lines have furnisher) tv,
ment for the handllrc- (f '' qulp -
This situation Is now to „ " trUlt '
b >- »».ration of law, and 1 " Sed
ready advised that the fr,,-, aFe aN
to be supplie Ult
as the
service i s
le
railroad
have
co na
no doubt
DIRECTORY OF
NURSERYMEN
MOUNTAIN OEM NURSERY-v
clean, and hardy home '
stock. Varieties guaranteed
name. A. H.
DOING BUSINESS IN IDAHO,
groifr
true it
Brainard. p rof
Sweet, Boise County, Idaho
BOISE VALLEY NURSERIES
Caldwell, Idaho. Largest Nurse
ies in Idaho. Send for prices^
P. Hartley, Manager,
r
PIONEER NURSERIES COMPAQ
—Salt Lake, Utah.
Established it
!
1850. Full lines of Nursery Stock
BLACKFOOT NURSERIES—0. p
Smith, Proprietor. All kinds e(
Write for
Blackfoot. Idaho.
IDAHO STATE NURSERY—Nampa
Idaho. Whole root fruit
Berry plants by the
choice nursery stock,
price list.
trees
acre. Fifty
varieties of roses and shrubs. Cat
alog free.
The
NAMPA NURSERIES—Home
grown. Over half a million trees
in stock. Write
buying. Nampa, Idaho.
us or see us before
THE MILTON NURSERIES—Estab
lished 1878. A full stock of choice
fruit trees and ornamentals. Care
fully grown and true to
iustrated descriptive catalog free
A Miller & Sons, Milton, Ore.
BOSWElL NURSERY—John Ryan,
successor to H. M. Ruddock,
name. II
Strictly first class. Home grown
stock. Write for prices. Address
Parma, Idaho.
' GNION NURSERIES—Union,
General line of nursery stock.
013.
All
varieties of small fruits,
cherries
Sweet
Write for
a specialty,
price list. J. B. Weaver, Prop.
but that the railway companies, if
they would form an independent de
partment for the handling of fruit
transportation and have the neces
Sary forCe for the collection of in
°? th&t the private car Iines
h&Ve had ' could give us the same
P '° mElt ser ™9- But, it we can in
nf 7 .T* 7 Judge ,rom the ex I> erieD "
^ Shlppers '
ture^! w™"" 1
that bas been accorded us in
t P&St F ° r that reason > if for 110
° ' the grower of fruit must be
JJ epa ^ ed to hold his fruit in storage
aicer it is packed, as well as to pro
vide storage for it as soon as it is
brought from the
we cannot expect
service in the fu
orchard.
Proper Hi
irvesting and Marketing of
Fruit.
Another subject that requires con
a ^ itat * on involves the harvest
m a g „ a e " d m " rketiPg ° f the frdlt - «
matters not what
ft
* *
degree of perfec
ma> be obtained in growing fruit
is not carefully harvested and
upon the market
will b e
Placed
tlon
This ques
presented by gentlemen
thoroughly qualified
speak upon It.
not wish here to encroach,
upon the time
who
are
by ex
peri en eg to
"I do
either
or the subjects
gentlemen who will
subjects, but I do want
°f either
discuss these
to urge
or the
upon
necessity of
and at all time.
vised s to those
ua] ly affect
year i n the
Publications
e^ry fruit grower the
studying the markets
3 keeping himself ad
conditions which us
the
markets.
Every
oat ly summer months
in different portions of
commence
the
country
onormous fruit
Quently io W
Hons
forecasting
and
Other publica- .
growing season,
the interests of
crops.
Prices.
conso
oprVi through °ut the
Perhaps inclining to
J*

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