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____ • Caldwell, Idaho, February 26, 190? No. 13 I*' Unappreciated Friend, bach, Farmers' Institute, Parma. pms to be an innate In |e ordinary mortal to kill iy living things, without to their usefulness, or the I occupy in nature—in f that just equilibrium, or power without which some pme so superabundant as i menace to the agrlcultur rnowr pending in our legis jfet a bounty on the coyotte; jjrote for ages has been the fictive agent of the rabbit ||g great destruction in the Ike Mississippi Valley river « valuable skin of the alii ||early caused the extermi I have .his chief enemy. Ihtless residents of Parma, flgulse of sport, shooting blackbirds and starlings, lof the fact that these are p of the farmer, and on çTarmers the prosperity of Impends. There is no bird I Idaho, with the possible rr~ 9 Hfp- i I ■ Kerr's Fremont County Purebreds. Cut is used by courtesy of Peak-Chronicle. ■ the meadowlark, which pywhere near the quan |»-hoppers the starlings I bright red spot on his Ikes tnn fair a mark for f Flocks of these birds Iftower all day long reap Pf harvest of hoppers fondant grass no longer ft early spring they, with 1 cousin, the crow, care t each furrow turned for ties, and the sacks con grasshopper's eggs. Igj ■;* »me haoov turn of fate keatest enemy the thou KTthat visit us annually g_ 8 ome 8Um . iwee s ear ier so be up e grass opper8 ^ ew are ' M ... ja r one season, be practically extermin eat area in one season. . be a more comprehen-1 Ige ot lb. useful deni and forest among the sections. To this end should be a part of our tool system. On broad the few birds put under the ban by the Audobon societies I should be protected as useful of the destructive species indigenous to our State, we may mention the English owls, cow-birds, derstood and sadly abused lot. We have here but three kinds of hawks 8 P arro,w > horned mafrpie8 ' aod 8ome SP«* 1 ® 8 of hawks. The hawk family is another misun that are destructive to poultry and small birds, and they are all easily recognized because of their small ëize and rapid flight. The most common of the useful kinds is the red-tailed marsh hawk. They nest In tbis localIty and ma >' be 89en aQ y summer da y 8lowl y scanning the meadows for mice and moles. Be ing fearless, they will approach the I house closely, and of course strike terror to the hearts of the fowls, but it is a rare thing for them to actually a ttack poultry, and when we consid er the fact that a family of these birds must consume five or ten de structive rodents daily, their useful ness is very apparent. The spar row-hawk has an exclusive diet of insects and mice. The great Grosh ! hawk visits us mainly in autumn and winter, his flight is slow and ponder ous, his favorite eyrie a tall poplar or derrick pole, from which he swoops down on the unsuspecting gopher or mouse. One of these ma jestic birds making your farm his habitat is fully as valuable as your best cat—yet his great white breast is too often the target for some un will thinking person. Quails, robins, orioles and other common birds destroy not only great quantities of Insects, but many 8eed - The rob,n is quIte destructive to berries, but his usefulness in the orchard in destroying caterpillars jand moths cannot be overestimated. jAn examination of 230 stomachs by | t b e Government ornithologist shows 42 per cent., animai matter to only jg per cen ^_ 0 f useful berries, and I this in the height of the berry sea Such truths should be taught 8on - . . , °" r »'>«"•■ *" d bo " " d ' '« "">« th «" ,,rl * ht ers of song for their Intrinsic worth well as for their beauty. as And now last, but not least, we Do you shudder at come to snakes. : the name? Did not know that there | was any good thing that could be I said of them? Well, did you ever ! consider on what they feed, from from what do they secure there exis tence, Well, our blue racer exists nearly entirely on flies, mosquitoes and such small insects, with an occa sional mouse or frog. and water-snakes have about the same bill of fare. The house-snake , ier bull-snake) is the most useful • j * u j of all and feasts on grasshoppers and the young ot mine and gophers, Nest to a good cat, there is nothing that will equal a good house-snake. Their great size gives them a large capacity tor food, and as they crawl i into the holes and secure many of ... -, . . . the young, their usefulness is beyond i estimate ■ j If they had no better | virtue, this alone should cause themj>pbey to merit our esteem, for he assidu- ; The garter . House-snake, however, is a mis nomer for him. "King-snake" is his correct cognomen, and by this name it is known in the mountain regions where all do him reverance on ae- • count of his deadly antipathy to the rattle-snake. ously hunts out and destroys the rat tie-snake—the only poisoinous rep tile to be dreaded in Idaho. has caused you to ponder over the destructive forces of nature, which we see going on about us, and gained your friendship for some of the abus ed creatures of God's creation, it will not have been written in vain. It is well for us to remember that If this brief and Imperfect paper "from nature's chain whatever link you strike, tenth or ten thou when santh, breaks the chain alike." ! * When the balance of power is de stroyed by removing some counter- ! ! acting influence that has counter balanced it, an undue increase of the wild things In nature will surely re suit and cause irrevocable loss to the ; universe husbandman. Then let us ; be,— ' "Of those that, eye to eye, shall look ! On knowledge; under whose com mand Is Earth, and Earth's; and In their hand Is Nature like an open book." -Tennyson. THE CULTURE OF THE TOMATO. As it is now about time to plant to mato seed, let us take advantage of our editor's kind offer to publish some of our experiences in tomato growing. I tried a number of varieties, also a number of experiments, some of which I will tell. Some extra early, highly ad ver , ... ♦ . , tfsed sixty day tomatoes transplanted .. f" 0 " 1 **? " id * ,a »' A » ri >. w * re the l,!H '° rtI>e " tlralr fr nlt ' »" d the " peD * 4 TerT one side ot the * omato r *P e - t e other green. me f to " e tomatoes planted about three loches deep had no moisture except the rains; the plants were about half , , B * ie ' ** was tbe * rQt *' but rI P ened with those having moisture, but the fruit was not as good a quality. On account of my box of plants of the Kansas Standard freezing and and having had to plant and wait for the plants of the second box, the were not trans planted until the first week in June, we ek in August, at least two weeks Kansas Standard ripened their fruit the first This earlier than any other variety. variety does better with some sl^de. The tree tomato I found would not set fruit in the shade. The yellow flg and pear tomatoes didn't seem to need the moisture that was needed by the Kansas Standard and tree tomatoes. The fruits from the plants grown in very rich soil was of a better fla vor than that grown in poor soil, just the opposite effect as in the growing the _ , ______ In regard to pruning the vines that were primed would not set tomatoes until we quit pruning. who made a success of growing to matoes by pruning must have lived where the seasonswere long. Prun ing has proved a failure here as often as tried. My neighbors who have When the sun Is very hot the pl an t« should be irrigated late in the afternoon or evening and then hoed after as the little rootlets at the top of the ground must be kept covered. Some of the plants that were planted very shallow had blight« al The person tried pruning claim the same.