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The Gem state rural. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho) 1895-1910, February 28, 1907, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2019269501/1907-02-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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Oar dimate is so eery dry that the
growing of tomatoes becomes gölte
dl Beult, and one's success depends
not on the amount of work done, so
mock as the attention to the work at
Oaring an observation of eight
year«. In which many experiments
have been tried, the following (nets
have been deducted:
First, the plant most be planted
very deep.
though they were irrigated as often
as any.
Second, that an uneven or insuf
Select distribution of moisture caus
ee the blight.
Third, too mueh moisture some
times causes the tomato to rot
Fourth, grow standard varicelles.
Fifth, some varelties need shade,
others do not
Capt. J. H. Shawhan, one of Can-j
Idaho Fruit Pleases.
yon County's most successful orch
very flattering letter from Earl
Brothers, the large fruit commission
men of Chicago, regarding the ap
pies sent that bouse from his orchard,
In addition to the handsome compll
ardists, baa received the following
ment paid the fruit, the letter will be
of Interest as It discusses some
points in packing that are of recog*
nixed importance. The communie»
tion reads as follows:
"Chicago, Feb, 16th. 1807.
Mr. J. H. Shawhan,
Payette, Idaho.
Dear Sir:
W© have your favor of
recent date and pleated to hear the
returns on car of apples was satis- J
factory; also glad to know that pros
pects were favorable for our doing |
buainess with you next season.
Now in regard to the car of apples I
you shipped us: The party who pur
chased this car advises us that it
proved entirely satisfactory and he J
did not know of any criticism he J
could make that would Improve it.
The else, color and packing was all
right In every way.
As to packing extra fancy apples
In half boxes w© don't know as It
would be advisable, for half boxes
do not sell well only at the very be
ginning of the apple season, and as
Idaho apples come later than Colo
rado and Oregon, It would be too late
for you to use them at profit.The sug
gestion offeputting a neat lithograph
on end of box Is all right, and of
course would be more or le«« attrac
it would not do any barm. The ap
pearance of a package has a good
deal to do with the selling price, and
we feel sure you will not regret the}
p m* you take In putting up your
fruit in the best possible manner,
Your Jonathans this year brought
60c more than other Jonathans from
Idaho were selling at when we sold
this ear. On account of the quality
of the fruit and packing being first
class we were able to get our price.
We don't remember now whether you
had card-board between each layer
of apples In the ear you shipped as
or not, bat are under the Imprssnton
you did. Eastern dealers like tbe
apples packed with cardboard be
tween each layer of apples as It
tends to keep the apples from brais
ing. They also want all apples wrap
ped as you no doabt know.
live. We don't believe the lltho«iaph
under the cover would help much but
The market on box apples Is in
good shape now. We sold a car of
Davis ont of storage last
j this is a good price for Ben Davis
If you have any late
I varieties next season which you
would Uk# to hold we «hall be glad
J ^ p Ut them in storage for you and
Saturday at $1.76 f. o. b. Chicago
We thing you will agree with ns that
this sea s o n.
•ell them when market has reached a
good round price.
If there is any information we can
g| n from time to time we shall
^ p)«ased to do
Tours very truly,
Pruning--How and When to Do It. |
The first steps in pruning is to j
prune the roots before setting the j
tree. so that the cut surface strikes
flat, or in a horizontal position when j
set, to induce them to go deeper into
Set the tree deep where j
the scion is Joined to the root, and
lean a little towards the prevailing |
wind when setting yearling trees,
which I always advise. They should
be straight whips.
Cut them off at
j the first season keep all the new
green shoots or buds which appear
on the main stem cleaned off except
five or six at the top. The next
spring cut off all but three, which
two feet from the ground.
leave to form the head. These three
should be so distributed around the
trunk as to form an exact triangle
and also at different heights on the
trunk, to avoid crotches.
Next cut these three limbs back |
to not more than 12 inches long, and
Just above an Inside or outside bud,
according to whether the tree is of ;
« close or spreading habit, that is in |
which naturally grow close like
YelUw Transparent, cut to an out -1
aide bad to spread the top. But in
trees of a spreading habit like Wine
*»P. cut to an inside bud to draw the
*°P closer together.
The second year we treat each one
these main limbs In the same man
»•* «• we do the main trunk, the
first leaving two or three branches
on each, generally two. These to be
cut back to not over 8 or 10 inches.
This cutting back ia to avoid long
pole« devoid of foliage, and to pre
vent breaking under loads of fruit.
These general directions are more
for apple trees, but may apply to
prunes also; but generally we leave
more main limbs on stone fruit trees
than on the others.
The third and fourth years' treat
ment is about the same, always re
membering to so cut as to counter
balance any leaning from wind or
other cause, and to preserve the same
I general form, which Is that of a hol
{low urn. or inverted cone,
member they grow both fruit and
wood on last year's growth, so we
must shorten back or head In to rem
edy this tendency to get farther away
from the body, because when they get
too long they break and so spoil the
j -
j the Gem State Rural office, during
In pruning peach trees always re
In an interesting conversation at
a call last week, Capt. J. H. Shawhan
of Payette, said that hla fruit re
turns the past season were very sat
isfactory. His pears netted him
from $1.50 to $8.30 per box and his
Jonathan apples $2.60 per box. His
20 acre orchard, notwithstanding the
yield waa comparatively light, last
season netted him$2S00.
2000 Pear Tree«, consisting of—
Clapp's Favorite
Flemish. Beauty
Eurre Clairgeau
Louise Bonnie
Worden Seckle
1000 Shade Trees, consisting of—
Black Locust
Carolina Poplar
Silver Poplar
Box Elder
Soft Maple, and
Sizes of Shade Trees are from 3 to
12 feet. Write for special prices
on quantities.
200,000 Strawberry Plants, Black
berries and Raspberries.
Nursery Stock. Send for Price List
J. B. Weaver, Prop., Union, Ore.
ard a8 a glde iBgue because that Is
Captain Shawhan has the fullest
confidence in the orchard industry.
^ben properly - managed, and he
doub t 8 if anything adds greater per
mane nt value to land than does a
g 00d orchard in the fruit zone of
i da h 0 .
He believes there is espe
c | a uy good money in pears, where
! one i s f ree from blight or can master
t be same If it appears.
| Captain has succeeded thus far in
do j n g.
This, the
His Bartletts, last
paid him $400 per acre.
In speaking of the Jonathan apple
he said the Importance of picking
ordInary seasons a bout Sept. 20 to
this variety at the right time was be
coming pretty well understood.
25 was the time, and as the apple
begins to color up pretty well,
Captain Shawhan practices thor
ough cultivation, using an Acme har
row and keeping the ground well
stirred with the surface
Lagt se ason the orchard was culti
V ated sixteen times and no irrigation
water was applied until about July
15, although he thinks possibly a
little earlier would have been better.
It depends more or less on the sea
son. He, however, aims to avoid ex
cessive irrigation, and would not ad
vise Irrigating when the fruit is rip
ening. No exact rule can be laid
down for irrigation,
watch his trees closely, and he
determine, with a little experience,
when they need water.
Up to 2 years ago his orchard
well fined.
One should
in clover.
It was then plowed and
disked thoroughly so that the humus
was well incorporated with the soil.
In addition to fertilization with clo
ver, liberal applications of
manure have been given the land
til It is now highly enriched and in
good tilth.
When asked as to his views
garding the value of a good orchard
of apples or pears, Captain Shawhan
said that $600 was
a conservative
estimate. In his judgment, and $1000
per acre was not an extravagant fig
ure, where the site, location and oth
er things were
exceptlonally favor
But, said Mr. Shawhan, If one
has no aptitude
or love for an orch
ard, and Is not in shape to
proper attention, he had better
undertake it. There is
ing to handle the
give it
no use in try
commercial orch
pretty certain to result
polntment if not In
There can be
in disap
financlal loss.
no Question about the
future of the orchard
» . , . Industry in
Idaho, he believes, but those who
succeed will be the specialists, and
those who apply business
to the work.
Captain Shawhan has
given his fruit farm close personal
attention, as well as Intelligent
clean, and bardy home
stock. Varieties guaranteed true tc
name. A. H. Brainard, Prop
Sweet, Boise County. Idaho.
Caldwell, Idaho. Largest Nurser
ies in Idaho. Send for prices, c
P. Hartley, Manager.
—Salt Lake, Utah. Established la
1860. Pull lines of Nursery Stock.
Smith, Proprietor. All kinds ef
Choice nursery stock. Write for
price list. Blackfoot. Idaho.
Whole root fruit trees.
Berry plants by the acre. Fifty
varieties of roses and shrubs. Cat
alog free.
grown. Over half a million trees
in stock. Write us or see us before
buying. Nampa, Idaho.
lished 1878. A full stock of choice
fruit trees and ornamentals. Care
fully grown and true to name. Il
lustrated descriptive catalog free,
A Miller & Sons, Milton, Ore.
successor to H. M. Ruddock, prop,
j Strictly first class. Home grown
stock. Write for prices. Address
Parma, Idaho.
slve grower of all kinds of fruit,
shade and ornamental trees. J.
A. Waters, proprietor. Twin Falls,
General line of nursery stock. All
varieties of small fruits. Sweet
cherries a specialty. Write for
price list. J. B. Weaver, Prop.
Order Your
Fruit and Berry Boxes
Union Box & Lumber Co.
I Portland, Oregon J -
The Red Tag >*
the Identification mark
on aU genuine
The sturdiest and beat nursery stock ex
perience and good soil can produce.
Look for the Red Tag on all trees yon
buy. Send to-day for free catalogue.
phoenix NURSERY CO..
and that he is being rewarded for
this is attested by the flattering let"
ter from Earl Brothers as
merits of the fruits from his orchard
sent to their trade. It is a fine tes
timonial to the value of reliability
and up to date methods In the grow
ing and packing of commercial fruits.
to the
As we go to press we are advised
that the proposed new Horticultural
Law—House Bill No. 149—has pass
ed the House by a vote of 39 to 2.
This is good news and the vote aug*
well for its passage by the upP er
house on Thursday.

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