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Entered et the Poet OSes at Caldwell as seooad class mall matter. PehUsbed every Thursday by the OEM STATE RURAL PUBLISHING OO. f LTD. A. E. GIPSON. J. H. GIPSON. .Editor ...... Manager F. R. Rinehart............Circulation Manager STAFF CONTRIBUTORS PROF. H. T. FRENCH—Director Idaho Experi ment Station. PROF. ELIAS NELSON—Irrigation and Dry Farming. E. F. ATWATER—Bee Specialist. D. R, HUBBARD—Live Stock. Correspondence solicited on all topics with in the scope of the paper. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE In Advance 11,00 per year When Not Paid in Advance. ... 11.80 per year F. A. Rinehart Circulation Manager Excellent matter is crowded out* of this issue, hut will be given in next week's issue, and in succeeding issues. We like to have plenty of good things on hand and so hope our friends will be patient as well as alert. o Particular attention Is directed to the paper by Professor Northrop in this issue, on nursery generally .along broad and progressive-lines, and well presented. It was the Intention to illustrate this article by cuts from photographs, but thev did not reach us in time, hence, the illustrations will have to be used later. O The paper by Mr. E. M. Kirkpatrick on "Farm Value« and What Make« Them,". Is worthy of careful reading. Mr, Kirkpatrick is a conserva tive business man who is a close observer and his prediction regarding land values in the Boise Valley will not fail to attract attention. HE SIZES UP IDAHO CORRECTLY. Dr. Dwight Hlllls, the noted New York preach er. who delivered an admirable lecture at the Opera House Tuesday before the Y. M. C. A. lecture course, shows himself a keen observer as well as a No, 1 platform speaker. He remarked during his address that the land In these valleys of Idaho would not only support a vast popula tion of thrifty people, but would easily be worth 1500 an acre. Dr. Hlllls called up the fact that the best ancient civilizations were developed der irrigation systems, and he predicted a great future for ail of the arid regions of the Ameri can continent, and particularly of the Pacific Northwest. The Doctor is right. The future of this great section of the country cannot be matter of doubt. un a FOOD AND OIL BULLETIN. The Idaho Food Commission has just Issued It shows that State Commis sioner Hitt and Chemist Gibson have been busy In collecting and analyzing samples of food ducts, coal oils and whiskeys, her of samples passed upon was 129. 73. Illegal 66. Buiietln No. 2, pro The total num Passed The names and ''brands" of the different makes, as well as of the firms collected from are given; also the deleterious substances where found. The bulletin ought to be in the hands of every trader as wpil as user of the articles named. It can be had by addressing Food Inspector, Boise. -O APPROVES THE FARMERS' ORGANIZATION IDEA. It would take considerable apace to publish the many words of approval regarding the Gem State Rural that are coming to our office, appreciate these very much. Here is an extract from We one regarding ferm era' organizations which as reflecting the desire for an active, efficient farmers' organization; w© are glad to print. S»' r ' "I read your editorial In the issue of Feb. 14, on 'Farmers' Organisation Needed,' You woke me up. Thanks! I hope now to be a life sub scrfber. Put my wife and me down for organ! satkm! It will help farmers and help you. All other classes of labor have organized; all capi talistic classes have organized, farmers Join hands in organization? an organisation both State and National. Every wideawake farmer in Idaho wants organization." L. E. W. Why not the We need Boise, Idaho. Our correspondent goes on record in favor of farmers getting together and we are glad of it. We would like to hear from others who feel the same way. o Payette, Idaho, Feb. 7, 1907 "An open letter to the Editor of 'Gera State Rural', Mr. A. E. Gipson, Caldwell. "Dear Sir: It was only quite recently that I read the reports of our last Horticultural meet ing in the issues of your paper, from January S and 10. I am surprised to find that you, in this report, use the ways of political party pa pers. Such papers as a rule bring the whole con tents of a speech of one of their party men, but only very little or nothing, of what was said the other side, is plain, very plain indeed. on The purpose of their so doing Some of those who took an actlve part in the last horticultural meeting believe that a very essential part of the meetings has been the free discussion of the present bad conditions connected with horticul tural Inspection. You in your report, in hardly 16 lines mention Mr. Slnsel's very plain lions and stating of undeniable and undisputed facts, in only a very general strong accusations, though said in a sarcastic way, you do not mention at all; but in 42 lines -—Sinsel 16, I none accusa way; my just as you repeat Mr. McPher son's answer, containing and ungentlemanlike insult, nearly verbally, per that has not been present and knows ing of the conditions in question, must get the Impression from your report that Chas. J. Sinsel Any reader of your pa noth is a calumniator and slanderer, falsely State officers of neglecting their duty; at that meeting was the only one that brought before the public any accusations and com plaints, that on the other side Mr. A. McPherson Is the Ideal State officer. accusing that he You state Mr. McPher son having said, "he sold his orchard two ago." years place in yet owns Mr. Sinsel claims he sold the June. 1906, and that Mr. McPherson 3 to 4 acres in the Boise Valley, found Mr. Sinsel to be As I always a man of his word, and as I found by personal experience, Mr. McPherson not to be r man of his word, a man on whose word 1 can not depend, I of course believe Mr. Sinsel, and if Mr. McPherson did not dispose of his property till June, 1906, he surely i s anyhow partly to blame for the condition the orchard was found in before the Irrigation Congress at Boise. As you failed to mention accusations I will here repeat so-called "McPherson Clique", well paid State officers, Messrs met any of my I accuse the one: —among them the 0 . .. . J McPherson and Hitt, and the unpaid President of the Horticul tural Board, Dr. Ustick—of an unheard, cusabie and punishable partiality do not publish this letter in the next issue of your paper. I kindly ask you not any further to send me the Gem State Rural, as 1 will not sun port a paper. If I can help it. whose editor will not help honest, unselfish men, that good deal of their time, intelligence for the benefit of the unex In case you spend a and money, community they live in as Mr. Sinsel has done, to your and my know ledge., without getting a good salary f or it in their efforts to better rotten conditions," Respectfully yours, C. C. EIFFE." Since Mr. Eiffe is onl y one a *nong a large and respectable number of people, who believe they know what the editor of should, or should not, publish bette Individual does, and just how should not be done, his criticism matter of course, and apparently a paper r than that it should, Is taken or as a needed Neither does dwelling patronizing the no reply win be to that part of his "open letter", there seem to be any necessity for his threat to stop reading on or Gem State Rural, in case the "open letter" i 8 no t printed, because that kind of argument * never use d by broad minded men, excepting, 1 is pos sibly, under stress of excitement, or without due reflection, and we prefer to believe him to have been the victim of that mental condition when the letter was written. As to Mr. Eiffe's apparent failure to discrim inate between purely personal differences, that are hardly considered proper subjects for news paper controversy, and legitimate public criti cism, that Is not very Surprising, because other people are apt to make the same mistake. Nev ertheless, newspaper editors do not look with favor on that kind of controversy in public print, and that is why the Gem State Rural feels that any personal differences or prejudices on the part of Mr. Eiffe, involving Mr. McPherson, Mr. Hitt, Mr. Field, or Dr. Ustick, or anyone else, would In the interest of all, be better kept out of print. The editor of the Rural has always aimed to avoid having Its columns used to ven tilate personal grievances and it will continue that policy. While free and fair public discus sion and criticism within the scope of the paper is always welcome and invited, it has been the policy of the editor, as already said, to avoid matter dealing in personal abuse or tending to stir up personal strife and bitterness. That policy will also be consistently adhered to. Now as to Mr. Eiffe's intimation that the Ru ral's report of the incident to which he refers, was unfair, in that it did not give his accusa tions and those of Mr. Sinsel greater promi nence, or none whatever. As a matter of fact it did not give the incident prominence at all. The telegram from Dr. Ustick was not even ferred to; neither was the very fair statement of President Wood regarding the accusations reported; nor many things, pro and con, during the discussion of the incident, much of a personal turn to the matter that did not believe any good could come to the fruit interests, or to the State Horticultural Associa tion, by giving the matter the wide publicity in re There was so we and outside of the State, that a detailed report in the Gem State Rural would have done. Mr. McPherson's denial was given because he was present and having been accused of per mitting scale infested fruit to be sold from his orchard, as an official of the board of Horticul tural Inspection, and for years prominent in horticultural work, his statement was given, by means in full, but sufficiently so to state cor rectly his position. That was all. intention to be unfair towards Mr. Sinsel, Mr. Eiffe or anyone else in our brief report of the incident, much less to ignore Mr. Eiffe. If there is a difference as to the facts, between Mr. Mc Pherson and anyone else, that is another thing; but the Gem State Rural should not be held re sponsible for it. no There was no So far as recognizing the Importance of rigid laws against fruit pests and of their strict en forcement the Gem State Rural has been ord from its first issue in favor of this, and it has never failed to advocate such laws and to support horticultural inspectors in their efforts on rec to carry them out. It recognizes the importance to Idaho of first class fruit put on the market in first class shape, and stands ready to co-operate with any and every movement in that direction. It is in favor of strengthening the present horti cultural inspection laws of the possible way, and commends the efforts of Mr. Sinsel, Mr. Eiffe and State in every of all others in that direc tion, and, in view of the persistent advocacy of all these things, and of the personal efforts of the editor along all of Idaho come to be recognized as a fruit produc ing region of unrivalled excellence, there does not appear to be just these lines, even before grounds for any reflection nat the paper is not dealing fairly by this great industry or with those who promote it. are endeavoring to .. , . Gem State Rural is not pub , * n t * le interests of any clique or faction, h . ^ V1 . not k®- It was started with the distinct ,. eC | n view of Helping to build up the agri cultural and horticultural generally along broad so long as it torial interests of the State and progressive lines, and continues under the present edi acc„r„,r? 8ement ' wm adhere to that policy according to the best light at its command.