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Thinning the Winesap. Bulletin No. 170 of the Colorado Experiment Station, by Prof. R. S. Herrick, field horticulturist, treats "Thinning the Winesap" and also discusses "Winter and Frost In juries to Fruit Trees. The bulletin is a good one. The conclusions In regard to thinning «re: #1 1. That thinning the mature Winesap tree pays in money the first year. 2. The more evenly distributed the fruit on the tree, the more uni form will be the size and color of the pack. 3. That WInesaps respond to thinning by increased size and bet ter color, when thinned as late as July 20, 4. The earlier thinning can be done, the earlier will be the returns from the fruit and the greater will be the vitality of the tree. 5. The best results are obtained In thinning an old Winesap by leav ing the apples from 9 to 10 Inches apart. 6. That proper pruning and keeping the trees a proper distance apart from each other will facilitate thinning. 7. That systematic, annual and uniform thinning done from the time the tree comes Into bearing, should have much to do in securing an annual crop, thereby doing away with the so-called "off year" bearing of some of the apple varieties. Experimenting for Better Apples. According to reports from the Idaho State Experiment Station at the university, Prof. W. H. Wicks, horticulturist, is continuing the work begun by his predecessor, Prof. Shinn, In conducting breeding ex periments with the apple. In a re cent interview, he said: "We are conducting apple breeding experiments which will mean a great deal to the state. We are using the Ben Davis apple as the female par ent and crossing with the Winesap, Jonathan and Wagner. "We are doing the work on an ex tensive plan and will make from 6,000 to 7,000 pollnatlons every year. We Intend to plant the seed in the greenhouse. By our experi ments we hope to evolve an apple which will have the best characteris tics of the leading apples of the state. "The proposition Is one of state wide Importance and Is not confined to any single district. We are using the money of the government, known as the Adams fund, for the work, and the problem Is by far the most Important In research we have to deal with. "Wo are testing to ascertain the fertility of the various apples, to find out which are self-sterile. Likes the Rome Beauty. T. A. Allen, who perhaps gives as much attention as anyone in the county, says his fruit crop will be abundant this year with the excep tion of the very early fruit. Mr. Allen is enthusiastic for the Rome Beauty apple. He say's the period of blooming Is longer than of other varieties and that this year there are sufficient blooms to insure a good crop, and this has been true in past years when there has been a failure in other varieties. While the Jona than is a good marketable apple in the early winter, he compares it un favorably with the Rome Beauty, i both as to liability to frost, and to ! keeping qualities. As to flavor, he!, admits that the Jonathan has them all beaten, merclal orchard, a liberal use of the Rome Beauty as being less liable to be killed by frost than any other variety.—Meridian Times. He favors, In a com Culture of the Young Tree. The first year is probably the most trying time for the young tree. It Is at this period that It requires plenty of moisture and good, vigorous growth. Any shock or check to growth invites disease and innum erable troubles. All cultivation in the young orchard must be directed toward the production of a healthy, vigorous and well grown tree. Ne glect and sod will not keep the young tree growing at its best. The grower should use judgment in hand ling his young orchard, for it is very easy under our western conditions to grow a tree too rapidly. This is especially true in the irri gated sections. The evil effects of forcing the growth is noticed in the All Eyes Orchard Seed Bed Cultivator ARE ON THIS TOOL Opener Maker An No matter how many tools you have on the place; your equipment is incomplete without this TOWER PULVERIZER and ORCHARD CULTIVATOR If- Saves you Money by doing work quicker Makes you Money by doing work better than any two tools intended for the same purpose If works up to within a few inches of the trees, elimi nating hand work, leaves the soil in a finer tilt. ¥■ will reduce the Doby Spots to finer tilt than any two H tools, scatters and distributes and eventually elimi nates Doby Spots the best tool you ever hooked a team to for making any Seed Bed easy riding, runs true and smooth, » no jolts and swerves all buit of steel and steel castings S Light and Neat, well braced and self contained It's It If- never leaves a horse track or man track on the field, with either size machine. 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It's a God-send and Boon to the Dry Farmer Absolutely necesrary toEvery Farmer and Orchardist 5 as it destroys thesurfacecrust, makes mulch, con It's Good for Sore Eyes to see the class of work it does h is victorious in all competition, a sale for every dem onstration serves moisture, makes every ounce of fertility available It may be useless to tell you all the above, and more but if interested, Demand the Proof h Areates and Mixes the soil, the rich with the making every foot of land equally productive poor, your own farm on A FEW WHO KNOW Nampa Apple Orchard Co., (Wilson & Cunningham) T. N. Kerr W. H. Harder - . - A. C. Portner Kuna F. S. Strickland Mrs. Clem Armstrong Nampa Blunck & Northrup Orchard Co. Nampa Nampa The Edward Stein Co. Kuna Dr. W. E. Sha Nampa A. F. Nordenskgoldt E. Hanpton Murphy For Emmett Orchard, M. U. Baker Boise Nampa Nampa Nampa n R. A. Baker, Nampa, Idaho Western Agent large, brittle limbs which readily break under the weight of fruit, in the absence of fruit spurs and in the Inability of the tree to produce fruit in proportion to its age. Only a study of the Individual tree can de termine the methods to use in hand ling a young orchard. Some growers make the mistake of allowing their trees to bear fruit while too young. If trees have a tendency to do this when they are two to five years old, judicious thinning must be practiced. A two year old apple or pear tree should not be allowed to bear fruit, while an occasional specimen may be allowed to remain on the three or four old tree. An abnormal growth is sometimes due to heavy pruning while the tree is dormant, but in some case it may be a com bination of conditions, such as ex cessive watering, cultivating and fer tilization. W. H. WICKS, Horticulturist, University Experiment Station. Thinning Fruit. 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