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The Gem State Rural
AND LIVE STOCK JOURNAL THE WESTERN FARM PAPER Vol. XV Caldwell, Idaho, June, 1911. No. 12 THE LAND OF PROMISE—ONTARIO, OREGON Since the days of yore men have always been searching for "the prom ised land," for a laud which flows with milk and honey and where liv ing is a luxury. So far as I am concerned the ques tioned is settled, I know where that spot Is. lands which could be fittingly called the promised land because every thing there is promises, but it is different in the place I have in mind, the promises are realities so far as the soil, the climate, the productive ness of the soil, the market condi tions and the social side of life are concerned and what more could one ask for? Everyone in the northwest prob ably has heard of the little city of Ontario, which promises to be point, and There are a great many a which is now one of the livliest little towns In this region of live towns and communities. As there Is a reason for every thing, so there Is a reason why this little city of Ontario should be busy and progressive and the reason Is As a feeder, the country behind It. the city has a territory which is larger than several of the eastern states, and this region is produc tive too, not a barren desert, but a vast meadow where thousands of sheep and cattle graze the year out and grow fat. But aside from the vast grazing which Ontario draws from, lands there is an empire of the most pro ductive irrigated land which one could imagine. It is true that the easterner always pictures an gated belt as a belt of small farms where intensive farming is the thing and this Is true of the Ontario coun try for one will ride for hours pas. acres and acres of healthy apple or chards which net their owners from $300 to $1,000 per acre a year ana when not passing these or char s will be passing alfalfa fields wher the clover grows higher than a man waist and cuts as high as ten tons to the acre. The saying that alfalfa is king is true in Ontario, the cured hay brings on an average of $10.00 per ton at the car. While the Ontario country is not irri poor man's country, yet a man ■ a very few hundred dollars ca » there and become independent goes slow. There is every chance In the world for a man with _ means to go into this wonder . fertile country and by properly ing a small piece of ground himself comfortable. One thing which Impressed the writer very forcibly was the app cheapness of the land surrou ~ Ontario. Just across the SnaK river from this town lies[the famous Payette apple belt ^ land brings from $300.00 to $ » ' yer acre, yet the land aroun tario can be had from $75 to * • per acre, and so far as I could tain It is as productive as tbs • este land, only It Is newer from sage brush. There are abont 130,000 acres of land surrounding Ontario under gravity irrigation systems at this time, the source of water supply be ing the several rivers which empty into the Snake river at Ontario, and from the Snake river itself. In every instance the present irrigation systems have unjuestionably good water rights and the supply is ample at all seasons of the year to insure good crops. At this time there are several ir rigation projects of large propor tions projected for the country sur rounding Ontario and there are in active construction several projects whereby water is taken from the Snake river by pumping and placed on the land. The cost of irrigation by this method is comparatively small after w Jifef W*' ■ ■ ** lf *^ & wsmw >* i ' I • ,■ S s y its & II ■sa»-'. mm HH; * '-.S ■* * 4 * ■' m - > m mm V , la •" si ; w , kW ipL, i. h A » -tri-Mitt - I :xn mg. s', ■H 'T-A k - Sf>r % srïî&aj aÄ * « Sr NEAR ONTARIO, OREGON. LAND OF PROMISE." A SHADY LANE IN THE the pumping station is once installed, as the power used is electricity, and the cost of installing compares favor ably with the cost of a great many eravity systems with the added ad vantage that there is a plentiful sup water throughout the entire ply of season. As years go on in this section Is bound to Increase with tremendous strides in propor tion to the number of acres of or chards which come into bearing each the value of land The climate of the country sur rounding Ontario Is well adapted to fruit growing and general and Is ideal In every respect there being very little wind, few late or early frosts and the temperature in winter Is usually 20 degrees above that of points further east. This is no doubt due to the location of On tario, which is at the point where six rivers flow into the Snake river, making a more even temperature. While this land lends itself readily t 0 the cultivation of grass crops, suc h as alfalfa, yet it is too valuable for suc b culture'and the homeseeker who seriously contemplates locating in the Ontario country should read up on intensive farming, for it is this character of agriculture that will win in this fertile garden spot of the great Snake river valley. With the cities of Portland, Seattle, Tacoma and Boise only a short distance away, truck garden ing will and does pay handsome re turns on the money in the Ontario Spokane, country. at Ontario is The spring season ahead of the surrounding country so that the early crops can be shipped into any of these large central mar kets and bring hot house prices. While the growing of apples, small truck and chickens and bee will always be the principal cub ure ag; cultural attraction of the On tario country, yet there are great opportunities offered to the breeder of purebred stock in the thousand of acres of pasture land which He adjacent to this city. There Is a great demand for blooded live stock all over the northwest, due to the fact that the farmers are constantly improving their herds and with On man .sVthfÄr* ofC terÄ The abundance of green pasture, the excellent forage and the mild win ters coupled with the location of the town geographically makes it one of the best locations for the breeding of livestock in the north west, "While I was in Ontario a farmer said to me "If this country was in the Mississippi valley with its great alfalfa fields, its ideal climate for dairying, its close proximity to mar kets which Ontario has it would be the greatest dairy region in the w'orld" and I guess he is right be cause I know that there is one of the best alfalfa regions in the west surrounding Ontario, I know that the climatic conditions are such that any animal would thrive in them aud I know that the markets are close at 'hand demanding large quantities of dairy products. And so It Is all down the list of farming activities, they are ati suit ed for Ontario and Ontario is «ulted for them and wants them and offer* to the man who will engage in them there prosperity and health, and after all, what more could a man want, prosperity, happiness, health, and a country like Ontario with It* people, who are famed for their hospitality, to live among? Leon J. Chapman, secretary of the Ontario Commercial Club says "there is room for twenty thousand more farms In the Ontario and he Is right Ontario people on gantry, wanta them and can offer them as sreat, it not Renter adTan^ Uun any other section of the west. • '