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VOL. 2. NO. 37. ANCHORAGE, ALASKA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 15, 1918. I PRICE TEN CENTS. -+ .» V - CITIZENS OF VIENNA FIGHT FOH POSSESSION OF LEAFLETS . DROPPEDJPUAN FLYERS Washington, August 14.—Neutral press reports state that Vienna citizens paid as high as forty crowns for leaflets dropped by Italian avi ators during their recent flight over the city. The aviators report thal people in the streets of Vienna fought for the possession of the leaflets despite the severe penalties attached to touching enemy propaganda i. dropped from the air. Rome is highly gratified at the success of tht venture. The Italian cabinet took occasion to congratulate the aviators who, at great personal risk, flew over the Alps and dropped leaflets in cities in Austria and Hungary. The purpose of the propaganda is un known, but it is believed that it was for the purpose of urging the Aus trians and Hungarians to join in a revolt against German control oi the dual monarchy and an offer of peoce in the event Austria-Hungary withdraws from the war. CENTRAL POWER CHIEFS TO HOLD CONFERENCE. Amsterdam, August 14.—It is reported in Berlin that Emperoi Charles of Austria-Hungary and the Austrian foreign minister, Burian are expected at the German main headquarters tomorrow, to discuss all questions pending between Germany and Austria-Hungary. AMERICAN FIELD ARMY CREATED. Washington, August 14.—Secretary of War Baker has been form ally advised by General Pershing of the formation of the first American field army in France. Baker said the creation of this army is taken here to mean that the Americanization of a definite portion of the western front is completed. The extent of the American front is not known, bul it is known to be south of the Marne river. The strength of the firsl field army is likewise unknown in Washington, but it is believed that ii comprises a million and a quarter men. It is believed that the Ameri cans will soon take over the front from Verdun to the Swiss border. SUBMARINE OFFICER WRAPS AN AMERICAN FLAG ABOUT NECK AND PRANCES ABOUT DECK. CREW CHEERED EXHIBITION. Crews of American Fishing Boats, Previously Destroyed by U-Boat, Silent and Disgusted Witnesses of Drunken Orgy—Photographer Took Pictures of Sinking Schooners. NANTUCKET, Mass., August 14.— A German submarine officer wrapped an American flag about his neck and gave a drunken dance aboard the U boat while members of the crew loudlj cheered the performance, according tc the statement of the crew of the schooner Lena May, a fishing boa1 that was destroyed by the diver, whc were witnesses of the drunken orgj; on the deck of the submarine. A photographer on board the U-boat took pictures of the ten fishing boats that were destroyed off the coast of Massachusetts Sunday last. The com manding officer of the submarines de clared that the pictures would “look good” to the people back in Beilin. The submarine suddenly appeared in the midst of a fleet of fishing boats off Nantucket Shoals Sunday, and nol one escaped destruction. The captair and six members of the crew of one of the boats are missing and believec lost. NO NIGHTLETTERS FOR TIME BEINC The local office has received the fol lowing: Seward, Aug. 13,1918. Mumma, Anchorage: Signal corps advises: “Cable will bi interrupted between Sitka and Seattli after 7 a. m. August 14. Accept n< night letters during this interruptioi until further advised.” ENTENTEALLIES GREAT BRITAIN TAKES INITIA TIVE BY ISSUING PROCLAMA TION TO THIS EFFECT. OTHER ALLIES WILL FOLLOW Czecho-Slovaks Have Three Annie: Operating in Siberia Against thi Bolsheviki and German Forces ant Allied Armies Will Unite Wit! Them and Work in Complete Ac cord. — LONDON, August 1.4—The Britisl government has issued a declaratioi formally recognizing the Czecho-Slo vaks as an allied nation and the threi Czecho-Slovak armies operating ii Siberia as allied forces regularly wag ing warfare against the central pew ers. Similar recognition will be an nounced by the United States, France Italy, Japan and China. The Czecho-Slovak armies in Siberi; are meeting with almost unir.terrupt ed successes in their western advance I according to advices received in Lon don. These armies will be augmentei by allied forces that are arriving a Vladivostok and at Archangel, on th White sea. WILSON GREETS ITALIAN EDITOR! WASHINGTON, D. C., August 14 —President Wilson, greeting a part; of Italian editors who are visiting th I United States, yesterday, said, in part “Gentlemen, we are not here in th . service of Italy. We are not here ii the service of America. We are her in the greatest of all services—a serv ; ice which ennobles all who engage i: ; it—the service of mankind.” Only about one man in each 208 ex ceeds a height of six feet. i IICiPIN OF FRIGHTFULNESS USE OF POISONOUS GAS BY SUB MARINES FIRST ATTEMPT TO HARM INDIVIDUALS. EMPLOY INGENIOUS METHOD. i It Is Believed That Use of Poisonous Gas by German Divers Is Deliberate Plan to Terrorize American Ship ping Interests— American Patrol Boats in Search of the Raiders. WASHINGTON, D. C., August 14. —The navy department is under the impression that the use of poisonous gas by German submarines on the American side of the Atlantic ocean is the deliberate plan of the Huns to ter rorize American shipping interests and presents an ingenious form of frightfulness, for which the Germans, in this war, appear to excel. So far as reported, the attack on*the lighthouse and lightship at Smith island, olf the North Carolina coast, Saturday night, by using poisonous ; gas, is the first direct effort by Ger I man raiders to harm persons properly on American shores. American patrol boats are plying up j and down the Atlantic seaboard, mak j ing a vigorous search for the raiders. BIG BRAZILIAN STEAMER GROUNDS _ st AN ATLANTIC PORT, August 14. ; —A big Brazilian freighter is ashore i on the New England coast, having grounded in a dense fog last night. It ! is reported she is in a dangerous posi i tion. The belief is expressed that the ’ freighter was seeking to evade a Ger j man submarine and ran too close to ! the shore line. Rescue steamers are ' i racing to the scene. ; FRENCH TRANSPORT SUNK BY U-BOAT PARIS, August 14.—Four hundred , and forty-four men are missing as a , result of the sinking by an enemy . submarine of the French transport , Djemneh, which occurred in the Med , iterranean sea July 16, while the ves . sel was en route to Egypt. Another . French vessel, the steamer Australian, . was also sunk in the Mediterranean about the same date. An inventor has patented a motor cycle tire in which he claims to so compress the rubber that it will auto ' matically close punctures. OF ALASKA! STEFANSSGN LIEUTENANT LO CATES VAST REGION 175 MILES NORTH OF TERRITORY. IS AN IMPORTANT DISCOVERY. | — Reports Indicate That Storkerson Par- j ty Have Gone Seventy-Five Miles! Farther North Into Arctic Regions Than Any Other Exploration Expe-j ditions Have Reached. OTTAWA, Canada, August 14.—A telegram from Explorer Stefansson announces that one of his lieutenants named Storkerson, at the head of an exploration party, has penetrated a point 175 miles north of the territory of Alaska, in the Arctic regions. If this report should prove to be correct, says Stefansson in his mes-' sage, and he sees no reason to doubt j it, it indicates that the Storkerson party has gone 75 miles beyond the point reached by previous exploring parties. It would also indicate that I Keenan Land is not located in the re gion given by previous exploration j parties. Stefansson regards the Storkerson report as highly important as indicat ing extended landed areas beyond the northern confines of Alaska. HELD FUNERAL ARRANGEMENTS NEW YORK, August 14.—Anna Held, the actress, will be buried to morrow, the funeral being held under the auspices of the Actors’ club, of which she was a prominent member. The remains will be placed in a vault until after the way, when they will be ; taken to France, the land of her na tivity, for final interment. STEAMER DORA HITS A REEF The steamer Dora, on the westward run from Seward, struck a reef at Bluff point, Dalgo island, twenty-four miles north of King cove, Cook inlet, yesterday, according to advices re ceived by the local radio station. It is expected that the boat will be gotten off by August 20. Passengers and freight are being taken off and landed at King cove. To help fruit pickers a Californian has invented a scissors-like cutter which fits the thumb and forefinger and is strapped to them. 1 t SENATE COMMITTEE VOTES TO EXTEND THE DRAFT AGE LIMIT 7 * Washington, August 14.—The senate committee on mili- + 5 * tary affairs yesterday voted to report favorably on the adminis- * : * tration man-power bill, extending the draft age limits from 18 * i * to 45 years. An amendment was adopted, authorizing the gov- * 1 * ernment to provide two years’ free education to youths under 21 * - * years of age who may be called to the colors under the terms of * * * the bill, after the war ends. It is the hope of the administration * 1 * that the bill become a law before the first of September, so that * * registration may begin early in that month. The present indica- * * tions are that this hope will be fulfilled, as there is little or no * - * opposition to the bill. * ft************************ US GREATEST STRATEGIST ON. EITHER SIDE IN WORLD WAR Paris, August 14.—Speculation is rife in military eireles in Paris as to General Foch’s next move against the enemy—whether he will press the Somme-Oise advantage, or deliver a vigorous blow at an other point along the western front. The S<^Wie-Oise victory has thus far been more fruitful of results than the great Marne-Aisne victory. These two successive crushing blows, delivered in quick succession, have undoubtedly seriously upset the plans,of the German general staff, and have, at the same time, instilled high hopes in the allied ranks. It is the unanimous opinion that General Foch is the right man in the right place. As a strategist, it is believed that he has not equal on either side. It takes a great war to develop generalship, and evidence is not want ing to prove that General Foch is the one outstanding figure in this great war. He prepares his war plains with extreme care and caution. He does not believe in needlessly wasting his men. When he strikes, he is fully prepared to strike. His ne^t move is awaited with keen in terest in allied capitals. AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN TROOPS TO AID GERMANS. Paris, August 14.—It is reported in Paris today, the information ?oming from semi-official circles, that Austro-Hungarian troops are ar riving in numbers on the Western front, to aid the German armies. The troops, it is stated, are being withdrawn from the Italian front. The necessity for the call on Austria-Hungary-fftr forces to aid the Germans on the west front is good evidence that the German man-power is on ihe down-grade. GERMAN OPPOSITION APPARENTLY CHECKS ADVANCE Undated, August 14.—German opposition north of the Somme to just below Roye has apparently checked, for the time being, the allied advance eastward. On the extreme southern end of the front, the French continue to make gains between the Metz and Oise rivers, despite a stubborn resistance. The line on the north and in the Tenter remains unchanged, although the allies strengthened their positions and took some prisoners. The Germans are bringing up fresh reinforcements and a great number of guns and it is believed they will make an effort 1o stop the further advance of the allies. GERMANS SHELLING VESLE FRONT. With the Americans on the Vesle Front, August 14.—The Ger mans are shelling the Vesle front spasmodically. A real attempt to feel out the allied strength had taken the form of an attack on Fismett, a little village northwest of Fismes. The American defenses are so strong that not a single German succeeded in entering the town. ALLIED LOSSES COMPARATIVELY LIGHT. French Headquarters, August 14.—General Foch, during the lost three weeks, has wrested from the Germans which it took them four months to gain and at a cost estimated at between seven hundred and fifty thousand and a million men. The allied losses during the present offensive are low in comparison with the German losses. FRENCH FORCES RESUME OFFENSIVE. Paris, August 14.—Official: French forces resumed the offensive yesterday, after a brief respite, making good progress north and east of Gury, thereby increasing the menace to the Germans at Lassigny. En emy resistance appears unavailing and cannot stop the French advance. 28,000 TAKEN SINCE AUGUST 8. London, August 14.—Since the allied offensive was started on the Montdidier-Amiens front Auguset 8, the French first army and the British fourth army have captured 28,000 men and GOO guns. General Haig reports it was comparatively,quiet on the British front Tuesday. GENERAL PERSHING’S COMMUNIQUE. Washington, August 14.—General Pershing s communique last night says German attacks in the vicinity of Fismes, on the Vesle river, directed against the American positions, were repulsed with heavy losses. URGING A GOLD PRODUCING BONUS RENO, Nevada, August 14.—Ar American gold conference, in sessior at Reno, passed resolutions urging tht government to pay a liberal bonus or all gold produced since the war start ed. Mining men figure that the in creased costs of mining call for a bonus of $12 the ounce. The engagement of Miss Jean Ne vada Crowley of Nome to Frank W. Lilly of that place was announced last month at Nome. Both are popu lar members of the younger se! there. Spain supplies the world with mor« than three-fourths of its olive oil. CABINET HOLDS A LONG SESSION WASHINGTON, D. C., August 14. The cabinet held an unusually lengthy session yesterday, discussing the sub marine menace on the American side of the Atlantic coast. It is unknowns if any new" plans to combat the men ace were formulated. RUNS AWAY FROM HUN SUBMARINE AN ATLANTIC PORT, August 14. An American fruit steamer arrived in this port last evening, after an excit ing race w’ith a German submarine. The steamer outdistanced the diver.