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The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, May 01, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by Oklahoma Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1900-05-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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PS
NDIAN
THE
ADVOCATE
Vol. XII.
May, 1900.
No. 3.
OKLAHOMA AND INDIAN TERRITORIES.
f NDIAN TERRITORY is no longer as described in our
I former number. In the middle of the Territory was a
country known as Oklahoma or c Beautiful Land" pur
chased by the United States in 1866 from the Creeks and
Seminoles. It contained less than 3,000,000 acres and com
prised the larger portions of what are now the counties of
Kingfisher, Canadian, Oklahoma, Logan and Payne. This
land was thrown open by proclamation of the President,
April ?2, 1889, but a Provisional government was not pro
vided until June, 1890. At the same time, the county of
Beaver, with an area of 3,681,000 acres situated between
parallels 100 f and 103 north latitude, was created out of
No Man's Land or Public Lands and attached to Oklahoma,
having been sliced off from Texas.
Originally what constitutes new Oklahoma and Indian
Territories belonged to the French. It was ceded by them
to Spain in 1762; afterwards again returned to France and
finally, in 1802, sold by Napoleon to the United States as a
part of the Louisiana purchase. In 1820, the Indian Tri
bal occupation began. Oklahoma proper was not officially
mapped out until the explorations of Captain March in 1852,
nor was it regarded as fit for agriculture, until Colonel
Payne began to agitate in 1880 for its opening. His efforts
culminated in the great rush of 1889. In May 1890, a reg
ular government was provided by what is known as the Or
ganic Act, which remains still in force. A second invasion

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