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Newspaper Page Text
The Indian Advocate.
into Oklahoma took place in September 1891, when the fertile Iowa, Pottawatomie and Sac and Fox reservations, embracing 1,282,434 acres in the Eastern part of the Ter ritory were absorbed and formed into the counties of Iyin coln and Pottawatomie. The third addition was made in April 1892, compris ing the Cheyenne and Arapahoe lands of 4,297,771 acres, now known as Washita, Roger Mills, Custer, Day, Dewey and Blaine counties. In 1893 came the opening of the Cherokee Outlet, with its 6,014,239 fertile acres. This outlet or strip was origi nally granted to the Cherokee Indians as a hunting ground. Later the Government settled the Osage, Pawnee, Ponca, Otoe, Missouri and Tonkawa Indian tribes on the Eastern part thereof. When the game disappeared, the strip be came a great cattle pasture. Here are found the counties of Woodward, Woods, Grant, Garfield, Noble, Kay and Pawnee. In 1895 the Kickapoo reservation of 206,662 acres, and early in 1896, Greer County, a small empire in itself, was added by a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States giving the Territory of Oklahoma its present settled area of something over 19,000,000 acres, 6,749,715 acres being moreover Indian and other reservations and a popu lation approaching the half million mark, 11,000 professing the Catholic Faith. Oklahoma is located in about the same latitude as Ten nessee. The north boundary is 37 ' north latitude. Ex cept in Greer county, little of the Territory extends south of the thirty-fifth parallel. With the exception of Beaver county which extends in a strip 35 miles wide to the one hundred and third meridian west longitude, nearly all of the Territory is between 96 ' 30 ' ' and 100 ' west longitude, being in the same belt as central Kansas and Texas. H- C J