OCR Interpretation

The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, May 01, 1902, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1902-05-01/ed-1/seq-3/

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The Indian Advocate.
they say, while on a hunting expedition on one occasion, a dis
pute occurred between two rival chiefs over the possession of
the udder of a female antelope, a delicacy particularly prized
by Indians. The dispute grew into an angry quarrel, with
the result that the chief who failed to secure the coveted por
tion left the party and withdrew with his band toward the
northwest, while the rest of the tribe moved to the southeast,
crossed the Yellowstone, and continued onward until they met
the Crows ("crow people"), with whom they had hitherto
been unacquainted. By permission of the Crows they took
up their residence east of that tribe, with which they made
their first alliance. Up to this time they had no horses, but
used only dogs and the travois. For a while they continued
to visit the mountains, but finally drifted out into the plains,
where they first procured horses and became acquainted with
the Arapaho and Cheyenne, and later with the Dakota.
Keim, writing in 1870, says that the Kiowa "claim that
their primitive country was in the far north," from which they
were driven out by wars, moving by the aid of dogs and dog
sledges. "From the north they reached a river, now the
south fork of the Platte. Their residence upon this river is
within the recollection of the old men of the tribe. Not sat
isfied with the Platte country, they moved on across the Re
publican and Smoky Hill rivers until they reached the Arkan
sas. Thence they moved upon the headwaters of the Cimar
ron. Here they permanently located their council fire, and,
after much fighting, secured control of all the country south
of the Arkansas river and north of the Wichita mountains and
headwaters of Red river."
There can be no doubt as to the correctness of the main
points of this tradition, which is corroborated by the testi
mony of the northern Arapaho and other tribes of that region.
While to the ordinary reader the result of the quarrel may
seem out of all due proportion to the cause, it will not appear
so to anyone familiar with Indian life and thought. The sav-

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