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The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, June 01, 1902, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1902-06-01/ed-1/seq-8/

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1 68
The Indian Advocate.
!
t
History of the Kiowas,
From the Report of the Bureau of Ethnology.
t
11 .
Continued from the May Number.
HE leading facts in the traditional history of the
T Kiowa are those of their early residence at the
extreme neaa 01 tne Missouri ana rneir suDse
quent removal to the east and alliance with the
Crows. It is impossible to assign any definite
date to this early migration from the mountain
country, but it was probably about or before
1700. It was subsequent to the separation of the
Crows from the Hidatsa, an event which proba
bly took place before the end of the seventeenth
century, and it must have been long before the discovery of
the Black Hills by the Dakota,, which, according to a calen
dar of that people, occurred in 1775. The present tai-me or
sun-dance "medicine" of the Kiowa was obtained from the
Crows while the two tribes were neighbors in the north, at a
date probably very near 1765. It is probable that scarcity of
game or severity of climate had much to do with their origi
nal removal from the head of the Missouri, but it is worthy
of note that in all their wanderings the Kiowas have never,
for any long period, entirely abandoned the mountains.
After making friends with the Crows, they established them
selves in the Black Hills until driven out by the invading
Dakota and Cheyenne, and now for seventy years or more
they have had their main headquarters in the Wichita moun
tains. The northern Arapaho, now living on a reservation in
Wyoming, have distinct recollection of this former northern
residence of the Kiowa, with whom in the old times they were
on terms of intimate friendship. While visiting them in 1892
they informed the author that when they first knew the Kiowa

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