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196 The Indian Advocate.
lieu three-fourths of their own revenue (which is merely nom inal so far as coal is concerned). By the above it will be seen that the Chickasaws are de cidedly better traders than their Choctaw brethren. The Chickasaw Nation lies within the boundaries of the Canadian and Red Rivers on the north and south, and the Choctaw Nation and Western Reservations on the east and west. Its area in square miles is 7,267, with an acreage of 4,640,935. Whether taken as an agricultural or a grazing , country, the Chickasaw Nation cannot be surpassed. The valley of the Washita is the most productive body of land in North America, yielding in ordinary seasons from fifty to eighty-five bushels of corn to the acre, with an equal propor tion of small grain. ' The Chickasaws have not, like the Choctaws, adopted the negro freedmen owned by them before the war; and in this instance it appears that they have demonstrated superior statesmanship, as the rapidity with which the negroes increase in population would place them in control of the government before twenty years. These negroes are still, however, per mitted to cultivate the public domain without hindrance until some practical arrangement is made for their removal. The white laborers in the Chickasaw Nation are required to pay a tax or permit of five dollars per head per annum, while men in other capacities pay toll in accordance with the value and importance of their business, so that if the permit law was ' properly enforced it would of itself prove a large source of revenue. The cost of a license authorizing a white man to marry a citizen of this nation is fifty dollars, while in the Choctaw Nation it was raised, several years ago, from ten . ' dollars up to one hundred dollars. Other provisions must also be complied with, so that there is less inter-marriage than before and less likelihood of adopting useless and impe cunious members of society. The government of the Chickasaw Nation is patterned