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The Indian Advocate. 3 !! & $r History of the Kiowas. From the Report of the Bureau of Ethnology. Continued from the July ATumbm' i HE earliest official account of the Kiowa is given I by the explorers Lewis and Clark, who ascended me Missouri in 1004 ana wintered among tne Mandan, before proceeding onward across the mountains and down to the mouth of the Colum bia. They do not appear to have met any of the Kiowa, but heard of them from the tribes living on the river. By that time the Kiowa, whom the explorers erroneously supposed were distinct from the "Wetepahatoes," had been driven out of the Black Hills, which were then in possession of the Cheyenne, while the Dakota held the country to the eastward. The Kiowa were then on the Padouca, or North Platte. This agrees with the statements of old men of the Dakota confed eracy, who related that within their early recollection that tribe had lived between the North Platte and the Niobrara, having been expelled from the Black Hills by the Dakota of the preceding generation. The official report of Captain Lewis describes the Kiowa as living (in 1805) on the north fork of the Platte, and num bering 70 tipis, 200 warriors and 700 souls, while the Kiowa Apache lived somewhat farther north, on the headwaters of the two forks of Cheyenne river, and are estimated at 25 tipis, 75 warriors and 300 souls. While the figures thus given for the Apache are probably nearly correct, those for the Kiowa are much too low, unless we assume that they had been so greatly reduced by the war with the Dakota. The alliances and wars of the two tribes, Kiowa and Apache, were the same, they carrying on a defensive war with the Dakota and being at peace with all the other tribes of the region.