OCR Interpretation


The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, August 01, 1902, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1902-08-01/ed-1/seq-12/

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236 The Indian Advocate.
of traders from St. Louis. This appears to be the first notice
of the Kiowa as living on Red river which, however, may
here mean the Canadian and is evidence that they were at
this time on friendly terms with the Arapaho and Cheyenne,
with both of which tribes they were soon after at war. We
also learn from this notice that the St. Louis traders had
already begun to come out to trade with them on the Arkan
sas, although none were regularly established in their terri
tory until some years later. The "Kaskaias" are probably
the Kiowa Apache, or possibly the Wichita.
We come now to the period covered by the Kiowa calen
dars, the first important event of which is the massacre of a
large number of the tribe by a war party of the Osage in the
early spring of 1833. This led indirectly to the expedition of
the First Dragoons in 1834, by which the Kiowa, Comanche.
Wichita and associated tribes were first brought into official
relations with the United States. When the troops returned
to Fort Gibson, in the eastern part of Indian Territory, in
August, they were accompanied by a party of one Waco, one
Comanche, three Wichita and fifteen Kiowa chiefs or head
men, of whom the artist Catlin says they were undoubtedly
one of the most interesting groups that had ever visited the
frontier. Invitations were sent out to the chiefs of all the
neighboring tribes to come in to Fort Gibson and meet their
visitors from the west. A number responded, and a council
lasting several days was held under the auspices of Colonel
Dodge, of the Dragoons, Indian Agent Major Armstrong and
Indian Commissioner General Stokes, which paved the way
for a friendly understanding between the eastern and western
tribes, and for both with regard to the United States.
A year later, in August, 1835, as a result of the friendly
relations thus established, the chiefs of the Comanche and
Wichita met the United States Commissioners at Camp
Holmes, about five miles northeast of the present site of Pur
cell, Indian Territory, and made their first treaty with the

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