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292 The Indian Advocate. head of cattle and as many horses. Oxen and horses were used for plowing and for draught. Milk was used for food and for making butter. The lay brothers were of immense service, but it was not unusual to see a priest, sometimes even the bishop, axe in hand cutting timber for a new build ing, or driving the plow, reaping the corn and mowing the grass. These hard labors have been rewarded. A religious, honest and industrious population is rapidly being formed. The mission itself is the center of extensive farming opera tions. All around the residence of the bishop is a great farm, with numerous flocks and herds, and where the most modern farming appliances are in use. The nuns also pos sess a fine farm, which three years ago produced about seventy-two tons weight of grain, including wheat and oats, whilst at the same time the mission lads produced 144 tons of the same. There is a seminary in the mission, whose chief object is the formation of a native clergy. Father Cunningham and Mr.Beaudry both began their studies in-it, the former having completed his arts course at Ottawa University. At present the seminary contains pupils of all nationalities; two or three French-Canadians, a half-breed Iroquois-Cree, an Irishman and an Irish-Canadian, an Englishman, and even a Ruthenian. Hence the seminary has been called "a little Propaganda." Alberta was formed into a diocese (that of St. Alberta) in 1871. Its Bishop, Dr. Grandin, died in June of the present year and was succeeded by his coadjutor, the Rev. Emile Legal, consecrated in 1897. It contains 30,000 Catholics, just half of the entire population. We heartily wish the new Bishop many years of happy and prosperous apostolate. Illustrated Catholic Missions. A hoy was asked, "What is a lie?" He gave this answer: "A lie is an abomination unto the Lord, and an ever-present help in time of need."