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12 Thk Indian Advocate.
great success. While he was seeking to draw the Southern Indians into his scheme, his brother rashly joined battle with General Harrison, and was utterly defeated in the fight which gained for Harrison the title of Old Tippecanoe. Disap pointed and disheartened at this destruction of his lifework, Tecum seh threw all his great influence on the British side in the war of 1812, in which he dealt much destruction to the United States troops. At Sandusky and Detroit and Chi cago, and at other less important forts, the Indian power was severely felt; but at Terre Haute the young captain, Zach ary Taylor, met the savages with such courage and readiness of resources that they were finally repulsed. But rarely did a similar good fortune befall our troops: and it was not until after Commodore Perry won victory for us at Lake Erie, that Tecumseh himself was killed, and the twenty-five hundred Indians of his force were finally scattered, in the great fight of the Thames river, where our troops were commanded by William Henrv Harrison and Richard M lohnson, afterward r President and Vice President of the United States. For a m little time the Northwest had peace. But in the South the warfare was not over. Tecumseh had stirred up the Creeks and Seminoles against the whites, and throughout Alabama, Georgia, and Northern Florida the Creek war raged with all its horrid accompaniments until 1814: even the redoubtable Andrew Jackson could not conquer the brave Creeks until they were almost exterminated, and then a small remnant re mained in the swamps of Florida to be heard of at a later time. Before the new government of the United States was fully upon its feet it recognized the necessity and duty of caring for its Indian population. In 1775, a year before the Decla ration of Independence, the Continental congress divided the Indians into three departments, northern, middle and south ern, each under the care of three or more commissioners, among whom we find no less personages than Oliver Wolcott, m