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The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, January 01, 1903, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1903-01-01/ed-1/seq-12/

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12 Thk Indian Advocate.
great success. While he was seeking to draw the Southern
Indians into his scheme, his brother rashly joined battle with
General Harrison, and was utterly defeated in the fight which
gained for Harrison the title of Old Tippecanoe. Disap
pointed and disheartened at this destruction of his lifework,
Tecum seh threw all his great influence on the British side in
the war of 1812, in which he dealt much destruction to the
United States troops. At Sandusky and Detroit and Chi
cago, and at other less important forts, the Indian power was
severely felt; but at Terre Haute the young captain, Zach
ary Taylor, met the savages with such courage and readiness
of resources that they were finally repulsed. But rarely did
a similar good fortune befall our troops: and it was not until
after Commodore Perry won victory for us at Lake Erie, that
Tecumseh himself was killed, and the twenty-five hundred
Indians of his force were finally scattered, in the great fight
of the Thames river, where our troops were commanded by
William Henrv Harrison and Richard M lohnson, afterward
r President and Vice President of the United States. For a
m little time the Northwest had peace. But in the South the
warfare was not over. Tecumseh had stirred up the Creeks
and Seminoles against the whites, and throughout Alabama,
Georgia, and Northern Florida the Creek war raged with all
its horrid accompaniments until 1814: even the redoubtable
Andrew Jackson could not conquer the brave Creeks until
they were almost exterminated, and then a small remnant re
mained in the swamps of Florida to be heard of at a later
time.
Before the new government of the United States was fully
upon its feet it recognized the necessity and duty of caring
for its Indian population. In 1775, a year before the Decla
ration of Independence, the Continental congress divided the
Indians into three departments, northern, middle and south
ern, each under the care of three or more commissioners,
among whom we find no less personages than Oliver Wolcott,
m

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