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The Indian Advocate.
I say the problem is a most perplexing one. It involves points which we cannot discuss today, especially that of the comparative merits of Anglo-Saxon and Latin civilization. Both may be briefly summarized, that the one, the Anglo Saxon civilization, appears to be always that of extermina tion, whilst the Latin civilization is that of amalgamation. In our neighboring Republic of Mexico we have seven millions of Indians who enjoy all the privileges and all the prerogatives of a full and plenary citizenship. The highest offices -in the State are eligible to the Indians; so that at the present day we have a President of the Republic who is proud of and boasts of the strain of Indian blood that courses in his veins. In the Episcopate we likewise have splendid examples of the possibilities of the Indian when lifted up spiritually on the higher plane of true Catholic civilization. In our Republic here we have, at the present day, 270,000 Indians, the last remnant of a rapidly disappearing race. It is known to you what we did with the Indian and how we dealt with him. How wedrove him from theDelaware to the Ohio; trom the Ohio to the Mississippi; from the Mississippi we en tombed him in the Black Hills, and there we thought we could bury him; but in an unfortunate moment the white man discovered gold there, and even that living tomb was no longer an asylum for him. So we drove him on and on, un til today he stands, as Right Rev. Bishop McFaul said last night, on the shores of the Pacific ocean, ready to be plunged into it, lifting up his hands to heaven, not in the attitude of a suppliant begging for mercy, but outstretched, appealing to the Great Spirit seated on the White Throne for justice. You may ask me, Was our policy, our national policy, a policy of extermination? I cannot say, gentlemen, that it was; I will not say that it was not. It is a problem that the future historian must unravel. We behold, on the one hand, the Board of Indian Commissioners, saying that the