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The Indian Advocate.
United States Government in dealing with the Indians had been a policy of -'outrage, of spoilation, and of murder." On the other hand, we have the government making every effort, in its own way, to lift up the Indian to civilization. It spent $240,000,000 in the last thirty-three years to educate and to civilize him. At the present time it spends $3,000,000 each year to bring him up into citizenship. But what was our policy during the past? You remem ber, gentlemen, that General Grant summoned the different representatives of churches to Washington to inaugurate a new policy. The, old policy had been the policy of the force of arms. We had to fight the Indian inch by inch. And be it said to the eternal credit of the Indian, and in it he re veals himself to us, the exponent of the highest-and the loft iest manhood, he would never yield unless he cemented every inch of ground by his blood. He knew he was the owner of the land by God-given title, and in his own mind he realized that he could not relinquish it and remain true to himself, true to his past traditions, and true to his posterity. General Grant, in 1869, inaugurated what we call the peace policy. He summoned the different representatives of the Episcopal, Methodist, Congregationalist, Unitarian, Presbyterian and other denominations to Washington to work this new policy. He confessed that ourjnational policy in dealing with the Indian during the past had been a policy bootless and fruitless in molding the character of the Indian, and abortive in all its bearings. He addressed them, in effect: "Gentlemen, we adopted the wrong policy; we have been un just to the Indian. Now, you go out there and convert the Indian to Christianity, and, through Christianity, bring him into citizenship."- In other words, gentlemen, what the Catholic Church had been doing for nineteen hundred years first to Christianize, then to civilize now flashed through the mind of that sturdy and gruff old soldier. He then made a stipulation; it was a compact as sound and as sacred, gentle-