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72 THE INDIAN IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
they met in a long and desperate struggle were Crazy Horse and Spotted Tail, notable warriors both. At the battle of the Big Horn, by some misunderstanding or mismanagement, General Custer was left with only five companies to meet nearly three thousand savage Sioux. He fought desperately until the last, but he was killed and his command was so ut terly destroyed that not a single man was left alive. The at tempt to remove the Modocs from California to Oregon in 1872 was the signal for a new war; and a year or two after wards similar results followed when it was attempted to push the Nez Perces from the homes ihey sought in Oregon to a new reservation in Idaho. This tribe, under its famous leader, Chief Joseph, was hard to conquer. The military org anization, the civilized method of warfare, and the courage and skill of the tribe were publicly complimented by Gener als Sherman, 'Howard and Gibbons, who declared Chief Jo seph to be one of the greatest of modern warriors. In 1877, discouraged by the failure of our efforts to hold . the Indians in check, it was determined by Secretary Schurz, then in charge of the Department of the Interior, to remove, them all' to the western part of the Indian Territory, where the tribes in possession agreed to cede the necessary land. It was hoped to create there an Indian commonwealth, but trouble arose" from the attempt to carry out the well-meant ef fort. A single story, the story , of .the Northern Cheyennes, will illustrate the wrong the Indian suffered, as well as those he inflicted. The Chevennes, as has been seen, were a tribe of valiant warriors, some of them at home in the hills of the North, some residing in the hills of the South. The Cheyen nes, Arapatioes, Kiowas and Comanches were banded to gether in a close and common "bond, and, at first the friends of the government, had become frequently its enemies, by reason of broken 'faith, cruel treatment, injustice, and down right wrong. That chronicle of misery, "A Century of Dis honor," contains forty pages of facts taken from the govern ment records, which relate the inexcusable and indefensible