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THE INDIAN ADVOCATE. place. He was a chief nearly fifty years, and remembered nearly seventy. When he was a boy the French trappers and traders came up from St. Louis to stay much of the time and start well the race of Osage mixed bloods. When he was a young man he stopped often in and about a small, lonesome landing place, village of shacks and cabins, called Kansas City in later days, where mixed bloods were now congregat ing to be in touch by steamboat with civilization of what seems today indeed a dim sort, the full-bloods still clinging naturally to the Osage river and its Kansas tributaries. . When he was a young chief he came with the first exodus out of Missouri forever, into Kansas temporarly. They were cutting down the kingdom, these white people; pushing, ever pushing all together and persistently from the Fast. Now, in the 50s, the Nation was fenced in by the bound aries of a reservation small state or province of a once ex tensive dominion, and yet larger than England rich in broad prairies, big timber and alive with game and fish. Twenty years after, when he was a great chief of the Great Osages, he led his band away from the Neosho river down into an earldom, a county of the former empire, there to remain, ever changing as a race, but still Osage, until some Indian Gabriel shall signal for the last exodus into that other reservation where the red man can hold his own. His great life, then, was only pastoral and at no time ap proaches an epic, flashing with war raids and battles. Some dim and legendary stories there are of fighting with Pawnees, always quarrelsome, with military Cheyennes out in Cherokee outlet and with half-civilized Cherokees. But much of these tales has a mythical sound. The Osages were not warlike and numerically were so strong that Pawnees could have fought only with single bands. Cheyennes probably attacked some hunting party, even Cherokees are more likely to have been a handful of raiders. Beyond that Indians had larger respect for boundaries than their primitive nature would warrant.