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io4 CHURCH HISTORY REPEATING ITSELF.
spread of drunkenness and immorality after the occupation of Manila by the American army were vigorously assailed. Is there now any one who has the audacity to question their truth? Since then, we have all heard of the 'water cure,' and the murderous orders issued by an American general. The perpetration of these outrages was unknown for a time; they were, however, so flagrant that it was impossible to keep them from the knowledge of the public. The introduction alone of the public-school system was just cause for alarm." Again: "The impression has gone abroad that America is furn ishing educational facilities to the Filipinos for the first time, and that the people were in a state of dense ignorance. This is another calumny. The Filipinos were not civilized and Christianized as we have civilized and Christianized the In dians of America, by rifle bullets which consigned them to quiet habitations beneath the sod. During centuries the friars dwelt with the tribes of the Philippines, and it is to them that the tribes are' indebted for all they possess of education and religion. They are a chaste and a pure people." " 'Like priests, like people,' is an old and a true saying. It is, therefore, impossible, judging from results, that the friars are anything but a holy, pious body of men, zealously devoted 'to their calling. We know the tree by its fruit. There may have been a few who forgot their holy vocation, but in stances of depravity must have been very rare. At all events, no sufficient proof has as yet been brought forward to justify the charges of immorality." The Franciscans of California were deprived of their mis sions, as we have seen, about the year 1826; and, after a year's disastrous experience without their guiding care, were implored "to take charge again of their helpless flock" abandoned to the wolves of circumstances, like sheep who had lost their shepherd. In like manner, many of the friars of the Philippines af ter having been banished a few years ago by godless anarchists