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256 THE INDIAN ADVOCATE.
& - I Catholic Chippewas on the Persecution in Trance. I $: The first annual Congress of the Catholic Chippewa Indians took place June 17, at White Earth Reservation, Minn. The occation that brought together all the Chippewas, among whom more than four thousand are Catholics, was the thirty-fifth anniversary of their settlement in Minnesota. The fifteenth of June was devoted to the civic celebration, consisting of a parade, after which addresses were made by Governor Van Zant, Lieutenant-Governor Jones of Minneso ta, and the Rev. Dr. Ganss, representing the Catholic Indian schools and missions; the sixteenth to sports, sham battles, boat and pony races and aboriginal dances. The Catholic Congress took place on the seventeenth, and in showing the work accomplished by our missionaries was a strange reve lation Twenty-five years ago the Catholic Chippewas barely num bered a hundred; the Catholic missionary was not allowed to establish a station among them, and what was not pagan was Episcopalian, since it was here that Bishop Whipple, an ardent champion of the red man, secured his reputation as an Indian missionary. To-day, owing to the apostolic zeal and labors of the Benedictine missionary Fathers, notably Father Aloysius, of White Earth, and his colaborers, Fathers Limon, Thomas, Felix, and Corbinian, who attend twenty four missions extending over ten counties, the Church num bers no less than four thousand and eight hundred souls. A strange phenomenon in these results is that nearly all the Episcopalians have joined the Church. The Chippewa Indians are mostly civilized, and if about four more mission churches with three or four missionary