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293 THE INDIAN ADVOCATE.
- ' . ' ' and given some land. They would begin to work and live on this land. This was done in order to gradually civilize the children of the forests by example. The result was gratify ing. Although the secular part of the business was sometimes poorly done, still religion took a hold of the Indians, existing still at least in part, where once the missionary and soldier began their labors. However we can't but concede that the bad example and the greed of the Spanish soldiers and colo nists together with their innate domineering propencity undid a great deal of the good accomplished by the humble friar. It is the old story of humanity, of money and land, of flesh and blood, of pride and tyranny. The coast of California had been discovered in 1595 and 1601 by Spanish explorers, and the Jesuit fathers were the first to enter and establish missions in California. Among these Jesuit fathers was the famous Father Eusebius Kuhne both a learned and saintly missionary. However these mis sions were only temporary. The enemies of the Jesuits pre vailed upon the Spanish King to recall all the Jesuit mis sionaries or rather expel them from their mission statiosn. Accused of no crimes, condemned without a trial, the mis sionaries were dragged away from their neophytes and in i768 every Jesuit was carried off a prisoner from Cali fornia. God however provided; another order, the Franciscans, took up the work and continued the christianization of Cali fornia so propitiously begun by the Jesuits, It was the great privelege of the Franciscans to be guided by a holy and wise leader the saintly Father Junipero Serra, perhaps the greatest servant of God that ever set foot on California's soil. More over, when the first missionary band of Franciscans entered California the successes and failures in New England, Florida, Texas, New Mexico and in thePimerias (Arizona), were well known and thus Father Junipero and his followers profited by this experience. And the way he began and conducted