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THE INDIAN ADVOCATE 356
active work was continued by the troops upon the exposed and barren plains of that region during a winter of unprecedent ed severity, and as the season advanced, the difficulty of sup plying the necessary forage and subsistence increased so that no little hardship and privation resulted, but the troops bore everything with fortitude and without complaint. By extra ordinary effort enough supplies reached the troops to enable them to remain in the field until their work was done, and at length, early in March, 1875, the southern Cheyennes, com pletely broken down gave up the contest, and under their principal chief, Stone-calf, the whole body of that tribe, with a trifling exception, surrendered" themselves as prisoners of war. At the same time they restored the two elder captive Germaine girls. They gave up also their horses, bows and arrows, with some guns, but secretly hid most of their valuable firearms. ' The main body of the Cheyenne surrendered to Lieutenant Colonel Thomas H. Neilj Sixth cavalry, near the agency (Darlington;, on.Maroh 6, 1875, and were at once disarmed and placed uftder guard, their ponies being confiscated and sold. Their agent says: A more wretched and poverty-stricken community than these people pre sented after they were placed in -the prison camp it would be difficult to imagine. Bereft of lodges and the most ordinary cooking apparatus; with no ponies nor other means of transportation for food or water; half starved and with scarcely anything that could bc'called cfothing, they were truly objects ofj pity: and for the first tirhev the Cheyenne seemed to realize the power of the government and their own inability to cope successfully therewith. On the 27th'of April they were formally transferred from the charge of the military to that of the agent and declared to be again at peace with the government." Throughout this whole' period tin Arapaho camped near the agency, in spite of shorl rations and all the other difficulties of their position, had maintained untarnished their treaty obligations.