OCR Interpretation

The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, November 01, 1904, Image 14

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1904-11-01/ed-1/seq-14/

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mules. Soon afterward Mackenzie sent another message to
the Kwahadi Comanche, Quanah's band, through Dr J J.
Sturm, an experienced frontiersman. He fonnd them near
the head of Red river and succeeded in persuading thorn to
return with him to Fort Sill, where they arrived June 2, 1875,
and surrendered their arms and over fifteen hundred head of
stock. The band numbered over four hundred, including a
few Apache. These were practically the last of the hostiles,
and thus the outbreak came to a close about a year after it
had begun. Although the Indians had become impoverished
by loss of stock and camp equipage, their loss in killed
was very small. Only about twenty were captured, the re
mainder having surrendered voluntarily.
About thirty-five hundred horses and mule? had been sur
rendered by the Kiowa and Comanche when they came in.
Of these nearly eight hundred were shot, one hundred were
given to the Tonkawa scouts, several hundred more were
given to the military scouts or were stolen, some were re
turned to their owners, and about sixteen hundred were sold
for the benefit of the Indians, realizing about $22,000, which
Colonel Mackenzie decided to invest in sheep and goats, with
the intention of converting them into pastoral tribes like the
Navaho. The first horses surrendered had been shot before
this economic idea occured to anyone. In addition to their
losses by the surrender, about two thousand horses and mules
had been stolen by Texas horse thieves from the frienly In
dians camped near the agency.
As a means of rendering the late hostiles forever harmless,
and compelling them to give up their nomadic hunting life
and settle down to earn their own living, it was proposed to
deport several thousands of them, practically about all of the
Cheyenne, Comanche, and Kiowa tribes, to a remote district,
where they were to be disarmed, dismounted, and compelled

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