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THE INDIAN ADVOCATE 35
horse, tossing his head, and with every movement sending out streams of light, can be imagined when, on the feast days and celebrations, hundreds of gayly - dressed cabal leros and senoritas were gathered for a good time and display. The form of decoration which was used on the bridles was that of the concha, or shell. This was used sometimes also on the saddles, though quite as frequently these were almost covered with Mexican dollars, never American. The places that were not so covered were many times beautifully carved in leather. Santa Ynez Mission was famous for the making of these fine saddles and for the most beautiful work in the preparation of the leather as well as for its decoration in clever hand carving. Among the descendants of old Spanish families now living in Southern California there are a number who still retrain possession of some of these old saddles and some of the old leather work also. Upon these there is a valuation placed that exceeds that of any similar work now done, however excellent that work may be. Special aptitude and individual talent made these two mis sions famous for iron and saddlery, but soil and climate, undoubtedly, had more effect in producing the excellent wine manufactured in San Gabriel. Tons and tons of vintage were yearly turned out from the famous wine-growing section. It is still giving a goodly yield, with fertile valleys, vineyard covered, stretching away for miles in the yellow sunshine. As San Fernando was in the closest proximity, there is also the same reason for the success of that mission in brandy making, or aguardiente, literally fire-water, as it was then called. The Indians were especially interested in their work for the .Church and in houses to be occupied by the padres. They loved the fathers with all the reverence of their child-like na ture, and devoted the utmost affection to the service they gave them.